Clinopodium nepeta

  (Redirected from Calamintha nepeta)

Clinopodium nepeta (synonym Calamintha nepeta), known as lesser calamint,[2] is a perennial herb of the mint family.

Lesser calamint
Calamintha nepeta nepeta0.jpg
Calamintha nepeta Sturm54.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Clinopodium
Species:
C. nepeta
Binomial name
Clinopodium nepeta
Synonyms[1]
  • Melissa nepeta L.
  • Calamintha parviflora Lam., nom. superfl.
  • Melissa parviflora Salisb., nom. superfl.
  • Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi
  • Thymus nepeta (L.) Sm.
  • Satureja nepeta (L.) Scheele
  • Calamintha officinalis var. nepeta (L.) Rchb. & Rchb.f.
  • Satureja calamintha subsp. nepeta (L.) Briq.

DescriptionEdit

Lesser calamint is a perennial shrub, forming a compact mound of shiny, green oregano-like leaves. The flowers are lavender pink. The plant reaches a height of 18 inches.[3] The lesser calamint smells like a cross between mint and oregano. It attracts honeybees and butterflies.[4] Lesser calamint usually grows in the Summer, and well into the Fall. It can become dormant in the winter months, then reblossom in spring. In fall, the flowers fall to the ground and will self-seed. Seedlings will flower in late August.[4] Lesser calamint often grows wild, but can also kept in pots. The average life expectancy of a plant is 3–4 years. It is susceptible to powdery mildew.[4]

TaxonomyEdit

The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 as Melissa nepeta. It was subsequently placed in Calamintha, Thymus, Satureja and Clinopodium, among other genera. The last of these is currently accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.[1]

SubspeciesEdit

Three subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • C. nepeta subsp. nepeta – south central and southern Europe to northern Iran
  • C. nepeta subsp. spruneri – Mediterranean to the Caucasus
  • C. nepeta subsp. subisodontum – east central and south east Europe

UsesEdit

Lesser calamint is commonly used as a spice in Italian cuisine, where it is called mentuccia, nipitella or nepitella. In southern Italy, it is used in the making of a goat cheese called cassiedu, giving the cheese a minty taste.[5]

Some sources state that Nepeta nepetella, not lesser calamint, is the nepitella used in cooking.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Clinopodium nepeta", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2016-08-01
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ "Organic Medicinal Herb Plants for Sale".
  4. ^ a b c "Lesser calamint".
  5. ^ Pieroni, Andrea (2005). Prance, Ghillean; Nesbitt, Mark (eds.). The Cultural History of Plants. Routledge. p. 39. ISBN 0415927463.
  6. ^ "Mentuccia, nepetella o nepitella? Facciamo un po' di chiarezza". Valfrutta (in Italian). Retrieved 14 May 2020.