The Naalakkersuisut is the government of Greenland, an "autonomous constituent country" (Danish: land) of the Kingdom of Denmark, takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic country, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament Inatsisartut. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Greenland has full autonomy on most matters, except on policies and decisions affecting the region including negotiations with the devolved legislatures and the Folketing.
Executive power rests with a high commissioner, and a prime minister heads the Cabinet. The high commissioner of Greenland is appointed by the monarch (since 2011: Queen Margrethe II), and the prime minister is elected indirectly by parliament elections results for four-year terms.
The Naalakkersuisut is divided into a number of areas of responsibility each led by a Naalakkersuisoq (English: Minister) with powers corresponding to that of a minister or secretary of government. The cabinet is based on a majority in the Inatsisartut of the parties Siumut (S), Atassut (A), Nunatta Qitornai (NQ), relying on parliamentary support from Demokraatit (D). As of 5 October 2018, the current composition of the Naalakkersuisut is as follows:
Legislative power is shared by the government and the legislature. The legislature or Self-rule of Greenland (Greenlandic: Namminersorlutik Oqartussat, Danish: Selvstyre) is made up of 31 members elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms. The current composition is shown below:
Greenland's judicial system, which has mainly been derived from the Danish civil law system, operates independently of the legislature and the executive. It has one court of first instance: the Court of Greenland, and an appeal court the High Court of Greenland. No appeal is possible to decisions of the Joint Court of Justice, but fundamental "questions of law" may be submitted to the Østre Landsret and the Supreme Court of Denmark in cassation. Verdicts by those institutions may lead to a new decision of the Joint Court, taking into account the results of the cassation.
In late October 2016, the current government coalition was changed to consist of the parties Siumut (S), Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA), and Partii Naleraq (PN). The composition of the Naalakkersuisut was as follows:
|Kim Kielsen||Siumut||Premier, |
Minister for Domestic Affairs
|Vittus Qujaukitsoq||Siumut||Minister for Industry, Labour, Trade, Energy, and Foreign Affairs|
|Martha Lund Olsen||Siumut||Minister for Municipalities Settlements, Infrastructure and Housing|
|Doris Jakobsen||Siumut||Minister for Education, Culture, Research and Church Affairs|
|Suka K. Frederiksen||Siumut||Minister for Independence, Environment and Nature and Agriculture|
|Aqqaluaq B. Egede||Inuit Ataqatigiit||Minister for Finance and Taxes|
|Sara Olsvig||Inuit Ataqatigiit||Minister for Family, Gender Equality, Social Affairs, and Justice|
|Agathe Fontain||Inuit Ataqatigiit||Minister for Health and Nordic Cooperation|
|Muté B. Egede||Inuit Ataqatigiit||Minister for Minerals|
|Hans Enoksen||Partii Naleraq||Minister for Hunting and Fishing|
Parliamentary elections were held on 28 November 2014 and Kim Kielsen, leader of the Siumut party, was designated as Prime Minister by a coalition of the parties Siumut, Democrats, and Atassut. The coalition was formed on 4 December 2014, Siumut has five ministers, Democrats 2 and Attasut 2.
- Petersen, Sorlannguaq (11 May 2018). "Her er de nye medlemmer af Naalakkersuisut". Sermitsiaq.ag (in Danish). Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Veirum, Thomas Munk; Thorin, Jens (11 May 2018). "Se det nye Naalakkersuisut". KNR.gl (in Danish). Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Hansen, Nukappiaaluk (27 October 2016). "Her er de nye medlemmer af Naalakkersuisut". Sermitsiaq.ag (in Danish). Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Uldum, Simon (27 October 2016). "Her er det nye Naalakkersuisut". KNR.gl (in Danish). Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- knr.gl - Koalition mellem Siumut, Demokraterne og Atassut
- sermitsiaq.ag - Siumut, Atassut og Demokraterne danner koalition