Bye Bye Birdie (film)
Bye Bye Birdie is a 1963 American musical comedy film based on the stage production of the same name. The screenplay was adapted from Michael Stewart's book for the musical by Irving Brecher, with music by Charles Strouse and lyrics by Lee Adams. Directed by George Sidney, the film stars Dick Van Dyke in his feature film debut, reprising his Broadway role as Albert Peterson, along with Maureen Stapleton as Mae Peterson, Janet Leigh as Rosie DeLeon, Paul Lynde reprising his Broadway role as Harry MacAfee, Bobby Rydell as Hugo Peabody, and Ann-Margret as Kim MacAfee.
|Bye Bye Birdie|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||George Sidney|
|Produced by||Fred Kohlmar|
|Screenplay by||Irving Brecher|
|Based on||Bye Bye Birdie|
by Michael Stewart
Dick Van Dyke
|Music by||Johnny Green|
|Edited by||Charles Nelson|
The Kohlmar-Sidney Company
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$13.1 million|
The story was inspired by the phenomenon of singer Elvis Presley being drafted into the United States Army in 1957. Jesse Pearson plays the role of teen idol Conrad Birdie, whose character name is a word play on country singer Conway Twitty, who was, at that time, a teen idol pop artist. Presley himself was the first choice for the role of Birdie, but his manager, Colonel Tom Parker, rejected the idea as he did not want Presley in any roles that were parodies of himself or his career. Ed Sullivan appears as himself, host of the popular long-running CBS variety show. The film is credited with making Ann-Margret a superstar during the mid-1960s, leading to her appearing with Elvis himself in Viva Las Vegas (1964).
Conrad Birdie (Jesse Pearson), a popular rock and roll star, receives an Army draft notice, devastating his teenage fans across the nation. Albert Peterson (Dick Van Dyke) is an unsuccessful songwriter, and music is the family business, although he has a doctorate in biochemistry. He schemes with his secretary and long-suffering girlfriend Rosie DeLeon (Janet Leigh) to have Conrad sing a song Albert will write. Rosie convinces Ed Sullivan to have Conrad perform Albert's song "One Last Kiss" on The Ed Sullivan Show, and then kiss a randomly chosen high school girl goodbye before going off to the Army. Once he achieves this success, Albert will feel free to marry Rosie, despite his widowed, meddlesome mother Mae's (Maureen Stapleton) long history of ensuring nothing will come between her and her beloved son.
Sweet Apple, Ohio, is chosen as the location for Conrad's farewell performance. The random lucky girl chosen is Kim MacAfee (Ann-Margret), who is thrilled. Kim already has a high school sweetheart, Hugo Peabody (Bobby Rydell), who is not so thrilled. The teenagers of Sweet Apple, blissfully unaware of their town's impending fame, are spending the "Telephone Hour" catching up on the latest gossip: Kim and Hugo have just gotten pinned (indicating a serious commitment to each other) and Kim feels grown up.
She sings "How Lovely to be a Woman". On the day Conrad arrives in town, the teenaged girls sing their anthem to him, "We Love You Conrad", but the boys despise him for their girls' love for him ("We Hate You Conrad!"). Sweet Apple becomes a very popular place, but some of the local adults are unhappy with the sudden celebrity, especially after Conrad's "Honestly Sincere" song coupled with his hip-thrusting moves causes every female, beginning with the mayor's wife, to faint.
Under pressure from the town's notable citizens, Kim's father Harry MacAfee (Paul Lynde) is unwilling to allow his daughter to kiss Conrad on television, until Albert placates him by promising that his "whole family" will be on Sullivan's TV show ("Hymn for a Sunday Evening"). Albert reveals to Harry that he is actually a biochemist who has developed a miracle supplement for domestic animals that will make a hen lay 3 eggs a day; they test it on the family's pet tortoise, which speeds off out the door. Harry, a fertilizer salesman, sees a great future for himself in partnership with Albert marketing this pill.
Hugo feels threatened by Conrad, but Kim reassures him that he is the "One Boy" for her. Rosie, meanwhile, feels like Albert does not appreciate her, so Albert persuades her to "Put on a Happy Face". Albert's mother Mae shows up, distressed to find Albert and Rosie together; Harry is also agitated about the way Conrad is taking over his house and the changes in Kim's behavior. Harry and Mae lament what is wrong with these "Kids" today.
During rehearsal for the broadcast, an impatient Conrad kisses Kim, Hugo is hurt, and Kim and Hugo break up, with all three asserting that they have "A Lot of Livin' to Do". Albert is told that the Russian Ballet has switched to a different dance that needs extra time, therefore eliminating Conrad's song and farewell kiss to Kim.
Albert's attempts to convince the Ballet's manager to shorten its performance fail, and defeated and dejected Albert decides to drown his sorrows at Maude's Madcap Café. He finds his mother Mae there, playing canasta with Mr. Maude, the cafe's owner and a widower himself. Rosie, fed up with Albert and his mother, also goes to the café for "a night to remember". After ordering three drinks (but only gulping down one), Rosie goes into another room where a Shriners convention is taking place. She starts dancing and flirting with the men ("Sultans' Ballet"), but when the scene gets too wild, Albert rescues her from the crazed Shriners.
Next day, Rosie comes up with the solution to get back Conrad's spot on The Ed Sullivan Show that evening. She slips one of Albert's pills into the milk of the orchestra's conductor, which speeds up the ballet, amusing the audience, offending the Russians and placing Conrad back on the show to sing "One Last Kiss". However, just as Conrad is about to kiss Kim, Hugo runs onstage and knocks him out on the live telecast, which shocks Albert and Rosie.
Kim and Hugo reunite. Albert is free to marry now ("Rosie") and his mother agrees, revealing that she is now married to Mr. Maude. All three couples live happily ever after. Kim, now wiser, bids Conrad a fond goodbye in "Bye Bye Birdie (Reprise)".
- Janet Leigh as Rosie DeLeon
- Dick Van Dyke as Albert Peterson
- Ann-Margret as Kim MacAfee
- Maureen Stapleton as Mae Peterson
- Bobby Rydell as Hugo Peabody
- Jesse Pearson as Conrad Birdie
- Ed Sullivan as himself
- Paul Lynde as Harry MacAfee
- Mary LaRoche as Doris MacAfee
- Michael Evans as Claude Paisley
- Robert Paige as Bob Precht
- Gregory Morton as Maestro Borov
- Bryan Russell as Randolph McAfee
- Milton Frome as Mr. Maude
- Hattie Fair as Edna
- Ben Astar as the ballet manager
- "Bye Bye Birdie" – Kim
- "The Telephone Hour" – Ursula and Sweet Apple Kids
- "How Lovely to Be a Woman" – Kim
- "We Love/Hate You Conrad" - Kim, Ursula, Hugo and Sweet Apple Kids
- "Honestly Sincere" – Conrad
- "Hymn for a Sunday Evening" – Harry, Doris, Kim and Randolph
- "One Boy" – Kim, Hugo and Rosie
- "Put On a Happy Face" – Albert and Rosie
- "Kids" – Harry, Mae, Albert and Randolph
- "One Last Kiss (Gym Rehearsal)" – Conrad
- "A Lot of Livin' to Do" – Conrad, Kim, Hugo and Sweet Apple Kids
- "Shriner's Ballet" – Rosie (non-vocal dance number)
- "One Last Kiss" – Conrad
- "Rosie" – Albert, Rosie, Kim and Hugo
- "Bye Bye Birdie (Reprise)" – Kim
Differences from stage musicalEdit
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Several significant changes were made in the plot and character relationships in the film from the stage version. The film was rewritten to showcase the talents of rising star Ann-Margret, adding the title song for her and dropping songs by certain other characters.
- The name of the character Rosie Alvarez was changed to Rosie DeLeon. In both versions the character is a positive portrayal of a Latina; however, the song "Spanish Rose", originally performed in the stage musical by Chita Rivera in a comic, exaggerated Hispanic style to irritate Albert's mother, who is portrayed in the film as annoying and insensitive, but not racist, was dropped for this film.
- In the film, Albert is not Birdie's agent nor an aspiring English teacher but a talented research chemist. He contributed to Birdie's initial success, and therefore Birdie "owes" him a favor. Albert has not written "One Last Kiss" when Rosie pitches the idea to Sullivan.
- The film version of "A Lot Of Livin' To Do" features Pearson, Ann-Margret and Rydell in a colorful song-and-dance number staged to show Kim and Hugo trying to make each other jealous, especially Kim.
- The songs "Baby, Talk to Me", "What Did I Ever See in Him", and "Normal American Boy" were omitted from the film, as was the "100 Ways to Kill a Man" ballet.
- The plot structure is altered so The Ed Sullivan Show broadcast is at the end of the movie; in the stage musical, it is at the closing of the first act.
- The film version ends on a brighter note.
- Hugo prevents the "last kiss" by running out on stage and knocking Birdie out with a single punch on live television. In doing so, he wins Kim's heart, and the young couple is reunited.
- There is no arrest of Conrad for statutory rape, forcing him to flee in disguise. Albert's mother shows up with a man (Mr. Maude) in tow, informs Albert and Rosie that she has married him, and gives Albert and Rosie her blessing for their long-postponed wedding.
- In the Broadway musical, Albert's mother is portrayed as a recalcitrant racist and abandoned by her son. Albert and Mr. McAfee agree to become partners selling Albert's chemical formulas.
- The film then ends with Ann-Margret singing a slightly revised version of the title song: "Bye Bye Birdie, the Army's got you now...."
According to Ann-Margret, she was cast when director George Sidney saw her dancing while on a date at the Sands Casino on New Year's Eve 1961. Sidney was so smitten with the rising new star, Janet Leigh was "very upset that all the close-ups were going to Ann-Margret."
Sidney says originally he was only going to produce and Gower Champion would direct, but Champion told Sidney he could not see it as a film, so Sidney stepped in. "That was a great deal of fun," said Sidney. "It was a young people's picture, with a lot of bright, gay noisy cast members yelling and screaming."
As of July 2019, Bye Bye Birdie holds a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 89% based on 28 reviews. The consensus states: "A poppy satire on pop music, Bye Bye Birdie is silly, light, and very, very pink."
Box office performanceEdit
In popular cultureEdit
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- In 1964, The Carefrees made a novelty record with a song called "We Love You Beatles" based on the song "We Love You Conrad" from Bye Bye Birdie. Released on the London International label #10614, the song peaked at #39 on the Billboard Hot 100. At the base of the Plaza Hotel in New York City, where the Beatles were staying for their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, scores of Beatles fans sang the song out so their voices would reach the band in their rooms up above.
- In an episode of the television series Mad Men (Season 3, Episode 2), the opening sequence of Bye Bye Birdie is shown (twice), and later Peggy Olson sings the tune to herself in front of a mirror in an attempt to emulate Ann-Margret's appeal as somebody who can "be 25 and act 14". Later, in Episode 4, Salvatore Romano directs a knock-off parody of the sequence for a commercial for Pepsi's new diet drink, Patio.
- "One Last Kiss" was featured on an actual episode of The Ed Sullivan Show from January 1967, featuring Gary Lewis & The Playboys. It was one of Lewis' last performances before going into the U.S. Army, so Sullivan chose a girl from the audience to come up to the stage. Lewis sang "One Last Kiss" to her and received that "one last kiss".
- In Bye Bye Boyfriend, a Two of a Kind book, the White Oak Academy puts on a school play based on Bye Bye Birdie. Ed Sullivan is mentioned many times, and Mary-Kate wins the part of Kim, even though she auditioned for Rosie. In the book the characters and the soundtrack of the movie as well as some of its songs are mentioned.
- In "Wild Barts Can't Be Broken", an episode of the TV series The Simpsons, the kids, adults, and seniors of Springfield perform a musical parody of the song "Kids" from Bye Bye Birdie.
- In the popular television series Friends (Season 1, Episode 18), during a charade-like game Monica draws a pictorial representation of the film Bye Bye Birdie for the remainder of the group to identify; however, nobody can.
- The 1995 Oasis album (What's the Story) Morning Glory? derives its title from a line in the film.
- The animated show Home Movies references this play (along with Grease) in the episode "Bye Bye Greasy" in which the characters put on a play with similar themes.
- Family Guy references two of the show's signature songs: "The Telephone Hour" (in reference to Peter being diagnosed as retarded in the Season 4 episode "Petarded") and "Honestly Sincere" (performed by Seth MacFarlane, voicing President Barack Obama in the Season 9 episode "New Kidney in Town").
- Sonic Boom, a television series, parodied the song "The Telephone Hour" in the Season 2 episode "Mister Eggman". The parody song consisted of Sonic the Hedgehog and friends spreading the word that Doctor Eggman never truly earned his doctorate. The song also made reference to the fact that it itself was a parody, breaking the fourth wall.
- "Kids" was the musical number at the end of the "The Punch and Judy Affair" (Season 7, episode 8 of Are You Being Served?) .
- Box Office Information for Bye Bye Birdie, the-numbers.com; retrieved September 5, 2013.
- Conway Twitty website biography Archived 2007-06-30 at the Wayback Machine
- AMC Filmsite - 50 Best High School Movies, filmsite.org; accessed October 18, 2016.
- Conklin, John E. (2008). Campus Life in the Movies: A Critical Survey From the Silent Era to the Present. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 102. ISBN 9780786452354.
- King, Susan (2011-04-25). "Hello, 'Birdie'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
- Reynolds, Debbie (2013). Unsinkable: A Memoir. HarperCollins. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-06-221365-5.
- Davis, Ronald L. (2005). Just making movies. University Press of Mississippi. p. 79.
- "All-Time Top Grossers", Variety, 8 January 1964 p.69.
- "The 36th Academy Awards (1964) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "The Nominees", Goldenglobes.com, retrieved September 10, 2015[permanent dead link]
- "Birdie's the Word: Mad Men's Pop Culture References". The Millions. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- Doyle, Larry (2007). The Simpsons: The Complete Tenth Season; DVD commentary for the episode "Wild Barts Can't Be Broken" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.