Building of the District Museum in Bydgoszcz

The District Museum Building in Bydgoszcz is an historical building in Bydgoszcz located at 4 Gdańska Street.

District museum building in Bydgoszcz
Polish: Budynek Muzeum Okręgowego w Bydgoszczy
Klasztor klarysek 0732.jpg
View from Gdanska Street
General information
Architectural styleRenaissance Revival architecture, Mannerism
ClassificationN°601230, reg.A/278, 22nd Jan 1953, 12th May 1993[1]
LocationBydgoszcz, Poland
AddressGdanska Street 4
Coordinates53°7′28″N 18°0′10″E / 53.12444°N 18.00278°E / 53.12444; 18.00278
Construction startedca 1550
Completed1618
Renovated1878
OwnerDistrict Museum in Bydgoszcz
Technical details
Floor count3
Design and construction
ArchitectWilhelm Lincke

LocationEdit

The building stands near Poor Clares' Church, in Bydgoszcz's downtown (Śródmieście) district.

HistoryEdit

Historically, the building is associated with the 15th-century hospital and shelter Church of Holy Spirit.[2] Originally it was only two wooden workhouses, located outside of the old city of Bydgoszcz, thus hindering potential transmissions of epidemic diseases.

A plaque mentioning the date of 1593 is still present at the ground floor of the actual building: it confirms that a brick-made hospital was still standing here at the end of the 16th century.[2] In 1618, a new edifice has been erected: the convent of the Poor Clares in Bydgoszcz. This monastery built in 3 years (1615-1618), was close to the Poor Clares' ancient Church of the Holy Ghost. In the 17th century, with the expansion of the monastery, cloisters were constructed, connecting the monastery to the church of the Poor Clares.[3] These cloisters were demolished at the end of the 18th century, when Bydgoszcz passed under the authority of the Kingdom of Prussia.

In 1830-1840, the monastery building was partly restored. According to a local account carried out in 1760, the monastery of the Poor Clares was reported to have a huge amount of goods: a distillery (from 1751), stables, coach houses, a brewery, a fish pond and gardens.[4]

In January 1834, the Prussian authorities announced the secularization of the convent of Poor Clares, and in 1837 the monastery and the church became the property of the city of Bydgoszcz.

The monastery buildings were initially planned to become a school, but eventually a municipal clinic was established.[5] Re-customized halls could accommodate 28 beds, and in the mid-19th century, building interiors were refurbished to fit the new needs of the hospital.[5] Between 1861 and 1863, the dismantling of the cloister (and the gate attached) definitely separated the church from the former monastery building.[2]

In 1878, Wilhelm Lincke, city building counselor,[6] approved the addition of a wing along Gdanska street, with Renaissance Revival architecture and Mannerism style, like the adjoined street building facades.[2] In 1937, the Municipal Hospital was accommodating 70 beds and was admitting 600 patients per year and at this date, it was transferred to another part of town.[5] During the period 1938-1945, the building housed the Department of Social Welfare of the City.[7]

The facility has been housing since April 11, 1946, the District Museum of the city, then the administrative seat of Bydgoszcz museums, named after Leon Wyczółkowski.[8] It displays a rich collection of works by the artist, and a valuable collection of contemporary art works[2] throughout several sites in the city. The edifice has been refurbished and enlarged in 2020.

ArchitectureEdit

The building is a 3 stairs and two-winged structure. The main edifice has a Mansard roof. The front elevation displays bossages, and the portal is adorned with columns. Each wing and its slight avant-corps is topped with a gable and decorated pilasters.[9]

The building has been registered on the Pomeranian Heritage List (N°601230-reg.A/278), 22 April 1953 and 12 May 1993.[1]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b kujawsko-pomorskie|issued=10/12/2010
  2. ^ a b c d e Bręczewska-Kulesza Daria, Derkowska-Kostkowska Bogna, Wysocka A., [i inni]: Ulica Gdańska. Przewodnik historyczny, Bydgoszcz 2003
  3. ^ Bartowski, Krzysztof (2002). Najstarszy kościół szpitalny w Bydgoszczy, a klasztor ss. Klarysek – zarys dziejów i problematyki konserwatorskiej. Materiały do dziejów kultury i sztuki Bydgoszczy i regionu. Zeszyt 7. Bydgoszcz: Pracownia dokumentacji i popularyzacji zabytków wojewódzkiego ośrodka kultury w Bydgoszczy. pp. 33–48.
  4. ^ Bartoszyńska-Potemska Albina: Dzieje i architektura kościoła i klasztoru Klarysek w Bydgoszczy. In. Prace komisji sztuki t. I: Bydgoskie Towarzystwo Naukowe. Prace Wydziału Nauk Humanistycznych. Seria D: 1965
  5. ^ a b c Derenda, Jerzy (2008). Bydgoszcz w blasku symboli. Tom II z serii: Bydgoszcz miasto na Kujawach. Bydgoszcz: Towarzystwo Miłośników Miasta Bydgoszczy. ISBN 9788391617809.
  6. ^ Derkowska-Kostkowska, Bogna (2007). Miejscy radcy budowlani w Bydgoszczy w latach 1871-1912. MATERIAŁY DO DZIEJOW KULTURY I SZTUKI BYDGOSZCZY I REGIONU T.12. Bydgoszcz: Pracownia dokumentacji i popularyzacji zabytków wojewódzkiego ośrodka kultury w Bydgoszczy. pp. 11–22.
  7. ^ "About Museum History". muzeum.bydgoszcz.pl. muzeum.bydgoszcz. 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  8. ^ Guide of Bydgoszcz Modern Art Gallery. Bydgoszcz: Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum in Bydgoszcz. p. 14.
  9. ^ Parucka Krystyna. Zabytki Bydgoszczy – minikatalog. „Tifen" Krystyna Parucka. Bydgoszcz 2008. ISBN 978-83-927191-0-6

BibliographyEdit

  • http://muzeum.bydgoszcz.pl/en/
  • (in Polish) Bartoszyńska-Potemska Albina: Dzieje i architektura kościoła i klasztoru Klarysek w Bydgoszczy. Prace komisji sztuki t. I: Bydgoskie Towarzystwo Naukowe. Prace Wydziału Nauk Humanistycznych. Seria D: 1965
  • (in Polish) Bręczewska-Kulesza Daria, Derkowska-Kostkowska Bogna, Wysocka A.: Ulica Gdańska. Przewodnik historyczny, Bydgoszcz 2003
  • (in Polish) Janiszewska-Mincer Barbara. Z dziejów klasztoru i kościoła Klarysek. Kalendarz Bydgoski 1985
  • (in Polish) Jankowski Aleksander. Kościół Klarysek pod wezwaniem Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Marii Panny w Bydgoszczy. Kronika Bydgoska – tom specjalny wydany z okazji wizyty papieża Jana Pawła II w Bydgoszczy. Bydgoszcz 1999
  • (in Polish) Parucka Krystyna. Zabytki Bydgoszczy – minikatalog. „Tifen" Krystyna Parucka. Bydgoszcz 2008. ISBN 978-83-927191-0-6