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Bagalakote or Bagalkot is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Bagalakote is the district headquarters of the Bagalkote district. It is one of the major cities in North Karnataka.

Bagalakote
Town
Bagalakote is located in Karnataka
Bagalakote
Bagalakote
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 16°10′54″N 75°41′45″E / 16.1817°N 75.6958°E / 16.1817; 75.6958Coordinates: 16°10′54″N 75°41′45″E / 16.1817°N 75.6958°E / 16.1817; 75.6958
Country  India
State Karnataka
Region Bayaluseeme
District Bagalkot District
Government
 • Type City Muncipal Council (CMC)
 • Body Bagalkot CMC & BTDA
Area[1]
 • Total 49.06 km2 (18.94 sq mi)
Elevation 537.06 m (1,762.01 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 146,890
 • Density 2,183/km2 (5,650/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 587101-105
Telephone code 08354
Vehicle registration KA-29, KA48
Website bagalkot.nic.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

According to stone inscriptions in the surrounding area, the town's name was formerly Bagadige. According to legend, the town was given to the Bhajantries (musicians) by Ravana, the king of Lanka who ruled this area. One of the Bijapur kings is said to have presented the town to his daughter as bangle money (a tradition in which the daughter is given money to buy bangles, sarees, gold ornaments from her parents after the marriage). The name might be because of the entrance gate called Shiroor Agasi at east end with huge doors which are called Bagilu in Kannada'. There was a fort on the Northwest side of the old town between the Killa and Ghataprabha rivers, in Kannada Kote' Consequently, the place acquired the name Bagadikote or Bagilukote which later became. Bagalakote remained under successive dominions of Vijayanagar emperors, Peshwas, Kingdom of Mysore, Maratha rulers, and finally the British in 1818. In 1865, it was established as a municipality and civic amenities were provided to the residents of Bagalakote. The place was a noted centre of freedom movement and the Unification movement. Freedom fighter Sindhoora Laxmana lived in Kadalimatti and Bilagi mountain ranges.

Old Bagalakote consisted of Halepeth, Jainpeth, Killa, Hosapeth and Venkatapeth. Before the arrival of the railway line only Halepeth, Jainpeth and Killa existed. On 1 August 1984[2] traffic opened on the Hotagi-Gadag Meter gauge railway line. Cotton starts moving to Bagalakote from villages around. Cotton Gins developed close to railway station. Typical Gin consists of a ginning machine to separate cotton seeds from cotton. And a brahma (hydraulic) press with vast area for storage and parking of bullock carts. Bagalakote was an important cotton export hub on the Hutagi-Gadag railway line. New industries and new businesses arrived in the town. At the same time, new settlements were established south of the old town called Hosapeth. Migration started to Hosapeth from around villages. This boom attracted migrants from Gujarat and Rajasthan too. After the Independence of India, Bagalkote Udhyog ltd. started a cement factory 3 km away on west side. To hold the increased population one more new settlement was established close to the town on the West side of town named Venkatapeth, named after an ancient Venkateshwara temple.

Today, Bagalakote is divided into three parts — Navanagar, Vidyagiri and the old Bagalakote town. The construction of the new town became necessary following submergence of parts of old town due to construction of Almatti dam. Navanagar is a planned town with a grid pattern layout having wide roads, parks, and other amenities.

GeographyEdit

Bagalakote is located at 16°11′N 75°42′E / 16.18°N 75.7°E / 16.18; 75.7.[3] It has an average elevation of 533 metres (1,749 ft). It is situated on the bank of the river Ghataprabha.

EducationEdit

Bagalakote has many famous educational institutions, others are St. Anne's Convent High School, Basaveshwara Vidya Vardhaka Sangha and Vidya Prasarak Mandal (mostly known as Sakri, named after Shankrappa Sakri for his charity to the association), Margadarshan Education Trust- NH-50, Ilkal. Many colleges are affiliated with Rani Channamma University, Belgaum, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences Bengaluru, Karnataka. Basaveshvara Engineering College (BEC), Bagalkote was established in 1963. S Nijalingappa Medical College, HSK (Hanagal Shree Kumareshwar) Hospital and Research Centre is affiliated with Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, at Kengeri Bengaluru. PMNM Dental College and Hospital established in 1987 is one of the private dental college in Karnataka.

The University of Horticultural Sciences (UHS) is headquartered in Navanagar, Bagalakote with its constituent colleges spread across the state.

For list of schools in Bagalkote visit www.nammabagalkot.in.

Holi Habba (Festival of Colours)Edit

Bagalakote is famous for "Holi Habba" i.e. Festival of Colours. It is said that Bagalakote ranks second to Kolkata in the way it celebrates Rang Panchami.[citation needed] The festive is celebrated across 4 days, with the first day for Kama Dahana followed by 3 days of playing colours. Holi is celebrated with lot of alacrity and grandeur by the people of Bagalakote. It also symbolises religious unity and harmony where people of all sects come together to celebrate it. There are 5 different localities called as "Onees" namely Jainpeth, Hosapeth, Halepeth, Killa and Venkatapeth Hosapeth being the largest in area. In earlier times, Holi was celebrated over 6 days, with each of the last 5 days dedicated to the five "Onees" to celebrate colour separately. However, this was reduced to three days for security reasons.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 Census of India,[4] Bagalakote had a population of 112,068 with males constituting 52% of the population and females 48%. Bagalkote has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 77% of the males and 61% of females literate. Some 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.[5] Kannada is the major language spoken here.

TransportEdit

Road :Bagalakote is well connected by road and railway routes. Bagalkot has only one NH, National Highway 367, which starts from Gaddankeri, Bagalkot (NH52)and ends in Koppal (NH67).NH 367 connects Bagalkot with NH 50 and NH52.

Railway :Bagalakote is connected by a broad gauge railway line (Gadag-Hotagi line) to Bijapur on the South Western Railway (SWR) towards the north and to Gadag junction on the South Western Railway towards the south. Bagalakote is connected with direct trains to Bijapur, Solapur, Gadag, Dharwad, Bellary, Mysore, Bengaluru, Hubli, Hyderabad, Mumbai and Ahmedabad. A new rail line is being constructed from Bagalkot to Kudachi via Kajjidoni (Khajjidoni) and section between Bagalkot and Kajjidoni is complete and is to be commissioned shortly.

Trains from Bagalakote:
Bagalakote is under South Western Railway (SWR)

Following is the complete list of trains running in Solapur Gadag Branch line

14805/14806 Bengaluru <—> Barmer AC Express via (Hubli, Gadag, Bijapur, Solapur, Ahmedabad) (Weekly)

16201/16202 Mysore <—> Shirdi Sainagar Express (via Bengaluru, Bellary, Gadag, Bijapur, Solapur) (Weekly)

16535/16536 Mysore <—> Solapur Gol Gumbaz Express (via Bengaluru, Hubli, Gadag, Bijapur) (Daily)

17307/17308 Mysore <—> Bagalkote Basava Express (via Bengaluru, Guntakal, Gulbarga, Solapur, Bijapur) (Daily)

16587/16588 Bengaluru <—> Bikaner Express (via Hubli, Gadag, Bijapur, Solapur, Pune, Kalyan Jn, Vapi, Surat, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Abu Road, Jodhpur) (Bi-Weekly)

17319/17320 Hubli <-> Secunderabad Express (via Gadag, Bijapur, Solapur-Hotgi, Gulbarga, Wadi) (Daily)

17321/17322 Hubli <-> Mumbai LTT Express (via Gadag, Bijapur, Solapur, Pune) (Weekly)

11423/11424 Solapur <—> Hubli Intercity Express (via Gadag, Bijapur) (Daily)

06919/06920 Hubli <—> Bijapur Passenger (via Gadag, Bijapur) (Daily)

57643/57644 Solapur<-> Gadag Passenger (via Bijapur) (Daily)

57641/57642 Solapur <-> Gadag Passenger (via Bijapur) (Daily)

56903/56904 Dharwad <-> Solapur Passenger (via Hubli, Gadag, Bijapur) (Daily)

56905/56906 Hubli <-> Solapur Passenger (via Gadag, Bijapur) (Daily)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. p. 22. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "The Gazetteers Department - SOLAPUR". solapur.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-11-30. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bagalkote
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ "BAGALKOT DISTRICT 2001 CENSUS PROVISIONAL STATISTICS". Retrieved 16 December 2010. 

External linksEdit