Bāb aṣ-Ṣaghīr (Arabic: بَـاب الـصَّـغِـيْـر, "Small Gate"), also called Goristan-e-Ghariban, may refer to one of the seven gates in the Old City of Damascus, and street in the modern city of Damascus, Syria. It has qubûr (Arabic: قُـبُـوْر, graves) on either side of the road, and is located in the Dimashq Neighborhood, southwest of the Umayyad Mosque.
The bāb (Arabic: بَـاب, gate) was initially built by the Arameans, then it was dedicated to Zeus during the Seleucid era. During the Roman era, the gate was dedicated to Jupiter. Stephanie Mulder in a book documenting and analyzing medieval Alid shrines in Syria points out that the "tomb [dedicated to Sukayna bint al-Husayn] in the Bab al-Saghir cemetery is consistently mentioned in medieval Arabic sources from the late twelfth century onwards, and the text-based findings relating to its location, original structure, phases of development and various patrons, afford well with the rich architectural evidence documented."
- Umm Kulthum, daughter of Ali and Fatimah
- Bilal al-Habashi, the Mu'adhin of Muhammad
- Fatimah as-Sughra, daughter of Imam Husayn ibn Ali
- Fidha, the maid of Fatimah (Muhammad's daughter)
- Abdullah, son of the Fourth Imām, Ali Zaynul 'Aabideen
- Maymunah, daughter of the Second Imām, Hasan al-Mujtaba
- Asma, wife of Ja'far at-Tayyaar
- Hameedah, daughter of Muslim ibn Aqeel
- Kamaid bin Aswad al-Kindi, companion of Ali
- Obay ibn Ka'b, husband of Halimah the wet nurse of Muhammad
- Abdullah bin Umm Maktoum, Mu'adhin
- Nizar Qabbani, 20th century poet
It is also said that the heads of 16 martyrs of the Battle of Karbala are buried in Bab Al-Saghir, such as:
- Ali Abbas ibn Ali
- Ali Akbar ibn Husain
- Al-Qasim ibn Hasan
- Hurr ibn Yazid ar-Riyahi
- Habib ibn Muzahir
The following tombs are also found within this cemetery, however these are empty graves created for the purpose of ziyārah (Arabic: زِيَـارَة), with the actual graves being at Jannaṫul-Baqī‘ (Classical Arabic: جَـنَّـةُ الْـبَـقِـيـع), in Medinah, Saudi Arabia:
- Wives of Muhammad:
- Abdullah, son of Ja‘far aṭ-Ṭayyâr, and husband and cousin of Zaynab bint Ali
- Abdullah, son of the Sixth Ja`farī Shī`ite Imām, Ja'far as-Sadiq
In addition, the area has:
- Maqâm Ru’ûs ash-Shuhadâ’ (Arabic: مَـقَـام رُؤُوس الـشُّـهَـدَاء), the former burial place of the heads of the casualties in Husayn's army at Karbala. It is also called Ganj-e-sarha-e-shuhadā’-e-Karbalā’.
- The well from which the Fourth Ja'fari Shi'ite Imam, Ali Zayn al-Abidin used to perform wuḍú’ (Arabic: وُضُـوء).
Media related to Bāb Saghīr at Wikimedia Commons
- Kramer, H. (2015-04-12). "Bab Al-Saghir Cemetery". The Complete Pilgrim. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- Jowani, S. "Bab Al-Saghir". Love Damascus. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Demeter, D. (2014-09-24). "Damascus – Bab al-Saghir Cemetery (دمـشـق – مـقـبـرة الـبـاب الـصـغـيـر)". Syria Photo Guide. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- "Places to Visit: Damascus". Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. 2014-09-24. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- The Shrines of the 'Alids in Medieval Syria: Sunnis, Shi`is and the Architecture of Coexistence. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014. xiv+ 297 pages, bibliography, index. ISBN 978 7479 4 Chapter 3, page 129-41. https://www.academia.edu/33188700/Review_of_Stephennie_Mulder._The_Shrines_of_the_Alids_in_Medieval_Syria_Sunnis_Shiis_and_the_Architecture_of_Coexistence._Edinburgh_Edinburgh_University_Press_2014._xiv_297_pages_bibliography_index._ISBN_978_7479_4_hardback_
- Barrani, S. "Bab Al-Saghir Cemetery". Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- "Bab al-Saghir cemetery". IslamicLandmarks.com. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
- TripAdvisor: Photo: "The Ahl-e-Bait cemetery, also called Bab-al-Saghir"
- Syria conflict: Damascus twin bombing kills 40 Iraqis
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