Islamic Azad University

  (Redirected from Azad University)

The Islamic Azad University (IAU; Persian: دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی‎, Dāneshgāh-e Āzād-e Eslāmi) is a private university system headquartered in Tehran, Iran. It is one of the largest comprehensive systems of universities, colleges, and community colleges in the world.[6][7] Besides Iran, IAU has international satellite branches in countries such as Afghanistan, the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon and England.

Islamic Azad University
  • دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

Dāneshgāh-e Āzād-e Eslāmi
Islamic Azad University logo (2).png
Seal of the Islamic Azad University
Mottoبدون شعار رسمی

شعار غیر رسمی شامل: اطلب العلم من المهد الى اللحد (Arabic)
ز گهواره تا گور دانش بجوی
آرمان ایرانی برای جهانی شدن
یادگیری و زندگی

(Persian)
Motto in English
No official motto[1]

Unofficial mottoes include:

Seek Knowledge from the Cradle to the Grave
Iranian Aspirations for Globalization
Learn and Live
TypePrivate university system[2]
EstablishedMay 21, 1982; 39 years ago (1982-05-21) [1]
Endowment$1.0 billion (2020)[1]
Budget$10.0 billion (2020)[1]
ChairmanAli Akbar Velayati
PresidentMohammad Mehdi Tehranchi[3][4][1]
Vice-presidentBijan Ranjbar
Academic staff
~68,000 { 22,781 (Full-time) & 449 (Part-time) + 44,684 (Visiting and Adjunct) } (2021)[1]
Administrative staff
~30,000 (2021)[1]
Students~1,000,000 (2021)[1]
Undergraduates~800,000[1]
Postgraduates~200,000[1]
~80,000 (including professional doctorate and medicine)[1]
Location
  • Iran
  • United Kingdom
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Lebanon
  • Afghanistan
Campus33 Universities (2 Independent and 31 State university) and 750 Sama Schools under direct administration (355 branches, campuses, hospital and medical centers)
MediaFarhikhteghan Newspaper, Azad News Agency (ANA), Isca News Agency
ColoursDark and light blue[5]   
Athletics
NicknameIAU, Azad University
AffiliationsSCRC
MSRT
MOHME
AUAP
ASAIHL
FUIW
IAU
IAUP
Websitewww.iau.ac.ir
Islamic Azad University logo.PNG

HistoryEdit

Headquartered in Tehran, Iran, the Islamic Azad University is the world's sixth-largest university. It was approved and ratified by the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution in 1982, having been founded and established by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.[8][9][10] It has an enrollment of 1 million students.[11][12] Since its inception in 1982, it has grown both physically and academically to become one of the largest higher education institutions globally. Over the years, IAU has promoted 'higher education for all' as its key objective. IAU has two independent and 31 state university branches across Iran, and four branches in other countries: the U.A.E., the United Kingdom, Lebanon and Afghanistan.[13] Over the years, the university has accumulated assets estimated to be worth $20–25 billion.[1][12]

The Islamic Azad University's activities quickly expanded throughout the country, so that today thousands of students are enrolling every year. Not relying on government funding, it receives charitable donations and charges tuition fees.[12]

The certificates issued by this university are recognized by the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology and Ministry of Health and Medical Education for medical education.[13] The university admits students through the National Wide Entrance Examination held by the National (Iranian) Organization of Educational Testing.

Endowment controversyEdit

Iran's supreme leader has declared the financial endowment of Islamic Azad University to be "religiously illegitimate and unlawful", prompting a change within the administration of the institution.[14]

GovernanceEdit

  • The Board of Founders
  • The Board of Trustees
  • The President of the University
  • The University Council

Board of FoundersEdit

The board consists of nine people, including Ali Akbar Velayati (Head of Board), Abdollah Jassbi, Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Hassan Khomeini, Mohsen Qomi, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili, Hamid Mirzadeh and one vacant position.

Board of TrusteesEdit

Members include:

Board of DirectorsEdit

The administration of the university is the Rector of the University Board of Trustees and approved the proposal of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution and the decision of the President of the Board of Trustees is appointed for a term of four years. All Islamic Azad University campuses are governed by the Regents of the university.

PresidentsEdit

President Tenure Alma mater Speciality
Abdollah Jassbi 1982–2012   Aston University Industrial Engineering and Management
Farhad Daneshjoo 2012–2013   University of Westminster Civil and Earthquake Engineering
Hamid Mirzadeh 2013–2017   University of New South Wales Polymer Engineering and Biomaterials
Ali Mohammad Noorian 2017–2017   University of Wales Electrical Engineering and Physics
Farhad Rahbar 2017–2018   University of Tehran Theoretical Economics
Mohammad Mehdi Tehranchi 2018–present   Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Nuclear Physics
 
Mohammad Mehdi Tehranchi, current IAU President

Organization and administrationEdit

Central Organization (University System):

  • Vice Presidency for Research, Technology and Innovation
  • Vice Presidency for Student and Cultural Affairs
  • Vice Presidency for Development and Resource Management (Financial and Administrative Affairs)
  • Vice Presidency for International Affairs and Non-Iranian Students
  • Vice Presidency for Science, Engineering and Agriculture (Academic and Post Graduate Affairs)
  • Vice Presidency for Medical Sciences
  • Vice Presidency for Humanities and Arts
  • Vice Presidency for Parliamentary Affairs and Social Relations
  • Vice Presidency for General Education and Skills Training (Sama)
  • Research Institute and Laboratory Networks
  • Science and Technology Park
  • Center of Admissions
  • Center for Martyrs and Veterans Affairs
  • Center for Provincial Board of Trustees
  • Center for Audit of the Board of Trustees
  • Center of Construction and Real Estate
  • Center of Monitoring, Inspection and Complaints
  • Policy Institute of Strategic Studies
  • Law Office
  • Cultural Center of Imam Khomeini and the Islamic Revolution
  • Knowledge Based Economy and Finance Council
  • Trading Commission
  • Research and Technology Fund

Branches and campusesEdit

The Islamic Azad University has two independent[15] and 31 state university branches with 400 campuses and research centers in Iran, and four branches overseas, as well as a range of hospitals, laboratories, workshops, sports facilities, recreational areas and ICT facilities. It now welcomes not only local but also international students. There are 750 Sama schools affiliated to the university, along with 115 technical and vocational colleges.[1][16]

These campuses are under the direct control of the Board of Trustees and the President. The best known and famous branches are listed below. The most distinguished, most highly ranked and most prestigious, are Central Tehran and Science and Research.

Branch Type Founded Enrollment
Science and Research Independent Comprehensive 1984 ~ 50,000
Najafabad Independent Comprehensive 1985 ~ 20,000
Central Tehran Comprehensive, Head of Tehran state universities 1982 ~ 55,000
South Tehran Comprehensive 1985 ~ 35,000
North Tehran Comprehensive 1985 ~ 40,000
Tehran Medical Comprehensive 1985 ~ 20,000
Karaj Comprehensive 1984 ~ 30,000
Tabriz Comprehensive 1982 ~ 20,000
Qazvin Comprehensive 1992 ~ 15,000
Mashhad Comprehensive 1982 ~ 30,000
Isfahan Comprehensive 1983 ~ 20,000

Campuses in the City of TehranEdit

Branch Type Founded Enrollment
Central Organization University System 1982 N/A
Science and Research Independent Comprehensive 1984 ~ 50,000
Central Tehran Comprehensive, Head of Tehran state universities 1982 ~ 55,000
South Tehran Comprehensive 1985 ~ 35,000
North Tehran Comprehensive 1985 ~ 40,000
West Tehran Comprehensive (Semi) 1994 ~ 20,000
East Tehran Comprehensive (Semi) 2001 ~ 10,000
Medical Tehran Medicine, Dental, Pharmaceutical Science & Biology 1985 ~ 20,000
Electronic Electronic 2008 ~ 15,000
Fereshtegan International People with special needs 2019 ~ 1,000

Two-year institutionsEdit

Vice Presidency for General Education and Skills Training (Sama Organization):

  • Sama Technical and Vocational College

Educational institutionsEdit

Vice Presidency for General Education and Skills Training (Sama Organization):

  • Sama Schools (primary schools, secondary schools, elementary schools, middle schools, high schools and university-preparatory schools)
  • Skills Training Schools

Overseas branchesEdit

The Azad University in Oxford (AUO) at the outskirts of the city of Oxford in the UK, was established in 2004 to support IAU's international collaboration activities. Through its links with the UK universities and research centers, the AUO provides services to the students and staff of IAU as well as other students and organisations around the world.[17]

In 1995, a branch was opened in Dubai.[18]

International officesEdit

The Islamic Azad University has international offices in Russia, Italy, Germany, the UK, UAE, Lebanon and Afghanistan.[19]

State universitiesEdit

IAU has 31 state universities (provincial universities) located throughout the provinces of Iran:

  • Islamic Azad University, Alborz Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Province
  • Islamic Azad University, East Azerbaijan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, West Azerbaijan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Bushehr Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Fars Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Gilan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Golestan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Hamadan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Hormozgan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Ilam Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Kerman Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Province
  • Islamic Azad University, North Khorasan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Razavi Khorasan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, South Khorasan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Khuzestan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Kurdistan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Lorestan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Markazi Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Mazandaran Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Qazvin Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Qom Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Semnan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Sistan and Baluchestan Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Tehran Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Yazd Province
  • Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Province

AdmissionsEdit

From the establishment of Islamic Azad University in 1982 to 2013, the admission process of students was through Islamic Azad University's entrance exam which was designed, held, and scored independently by the private university system. Post-2013, its entrance exam was merged with the Public University System. It holds the national entrance exam and some students who get admitted through this process would be exempt from paying any tuitions. However, Islamic Azad University requires tuition which varies by different factors such as program, degree, and location.[20][21]

The university accepts nearly 320,000 students annually (10,000 PhD, 3,000 Professional Doctorate and Medicine, 57,000 Masters, 200,000 Bachelors and 50,000 Associates).

Distribution of studentsEdit

In the academic year 2019–2020:

Field of study Percent
Humanities 49.11%
Engineering 33.32%
Art 7.72%
Medical science 4.46%
Science 2.97%
Agriculture and Veterinary 2.42%
Total[1] 100%

Distribution of graduatesEdit

In the academic year 2019–2020:

Field of study Percent
Humanities 49.71%
Engineering 39.54%
Art 6.99%
Science 3.47%
Agriculture and Veterinary 2.64%
Medical science 0.65%
Total[1] 100%
Level of study (degree) Percent
Associate 20.97%
Bachelor's 55.76%
Master's 21.08%
Professional Doctorate 0.16%
Ph.D. 2.03%
Total[1] 100%

Medical centersEdit

IAU' medical centers include:[1]

  • 95 branches in medical sciences
  • 1998 full-time faculty members
  • 95825 students
  • 59 majors in different levels

There are over 1500 active beds in 11 hospitals in Iran, and has approval for 1000 more. Each medical center serves as the primary teaching site for that campus's medical school. Some hospitals are listed below:

  • Farhikhtegan Hospital in Tehran, Iran[22]
  • Bou-Ali (Avicenna) Hospital in Tehran, Iran
  • Amiralmomenin Hospital in Tehran, Iran
  • Javaheri Hospital in Tehran, Iran
  • 22 Baham Hospital in Mashhad, Iran
  • Aria Hospital in Mashhad, Iran
  • Yazd Hospital
  • Khatamalanbia Hospital
  • Rhazes Hospital
  • Katalem Hospital

RankingsEdit

U.S. News & World Report rankingsEdit

2022 Best Global Universities Ranking[23]
  • Global Ranking: 434
  • Regional (Asia) Ranking: 75
  • Country Ranking: 2
Subject ranking
  • Agricultural Sciences: 114
  • Biology and Biochemistry: 379
  • Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology: 152
  • Chemical Engineering: 36
  • Chemistry: 145
  • Civil Engineering: 15
  • Clinical Medicine: 694
  • Computer Science: 160
  • Condensed Matter Physics: 116
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering: 115
  • Energy and Fuels: 36
  • Engineering: 44
  • Environment/Ecology: 378
  • Food Science and Technology: 77
  • Geosciences: 346
  • Materials Science: 244
  • Mathematics: 45
  • Mechanical Engineering: 3
  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: 247
  • Optics: 118
  • Pharmacology and Toxicology: 229
  • Physical Chemistry: 98
  • Physics: 205
  • Plant and Animal Science: 389
  • Polymer Science: 27
2021 Best Global Universities Ranking[23]
  • Global Ranking: 445
  • Regional (Asia) Ranking: 72
  • Country Ranking: 2
Subject ranking
  • Agricultural Sciences: 117
  • Biology and Biochemistry: 441
  • Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology: 176
  • Chemical Engineering: 29
  • Chemistry: 110
  • Civil Engineering: 23
  • Clinical Medicine: 725
  • Computer Science: 193
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering: 105
  • Energy and Fuels: 39
  • Engineering: 47
  • Environment/Ecology: 373
  • Materials Science: 232
  • Mathematics: 31
  • Mechanical Engineering: 1
  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: 204
  • Physics: 228
  • Plant and Animal Science: 397
2020 Best Global Universities Ranking[23]
  • Global Ranking: 454
  • Regional (Asia) Ranking: 69
  • Country Ranking: 2
Subject ranking
  • Agricultural Sciences: 84
  • Biology and Biochemistry: 466
  • Chemistry: 121
  • Civil Engineering: 35
  • Computer Science: 110
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering: 93
  • Engineering: 44
  • Materials Science: 225
  • Mathematics: 29
  • Mechanical Engineering: 5
  • Physics: 235
  • Plant and Animal Science: 432

2018 Best Global Universities Ranking[23]

  • Global Ranking: 497
  • Regional (Asia) Ranking: 76
  • Country Ranking: 2
Subject ranking
  • Agricultural Sciences: 132
  • Chemistry: 136
  • Computer Science: 119
  • Engineering: 38
  • Materials Science: 104
  • Mathematics: 21
  • Physics: 369

CWUR - The Center for World University RankingsEdit

2021-2022 Ranking:[24]

  • World Rank: 372
  • National Rank: 1
  • Quality of Education Rank: NA
  • Alumni Employment Rank: NA
  • Quality of Faculty Rank: NA
  • Research Performance Rank: 342
  • Overall Score: 75.7

SciVisions rankingsEdit

2017: International rank: 938, National rank: 5, Regional Rank: 24 (SRBIAU)[25]

SCImago rankingsEdit

2013: International rank: 87, National rank: 1, Regional Rank: 1[26]

2012: International rank: 231, National rank: 1, Regional Rank: 2[27]

CWTS Leiden RankingEdit

2014: World rank: 252, Country rank: 11, Regional rank: 194[28]

URAP – University Ranking by Academic PerformanceEdit

2013: World rank: 161, Country rank: 1, Regional rank: 25[29]

2012: World rank: 226, Country rank: 2, Regional rank: 34[30]

ISC rankingsEdit

[31][32][33]

Top 10 branches of the Islamic Azad University in 2010
Rank Branch Score
1 Tabriz 4.27
2 Mashhad 3.51
3 Central Tehran 3.06
4 Karaj 2.61
5 North Tehran 2.48
6 Najafabad 1.37
7 Isfahan (Khorasgan) 1.35
8 Shahrekord 1.30
9 Quchan 1.26
10 Ardabil 1.19
Top 10 branches of the Islamic Azad University in 2011
Rank Branch Score
1 Science and Research 100
2 Mashhad 23.75
3 Karaj 18.53
4 South Tehran 18.21
5 Isfahan (Khorasgan) 13.5
6 North Tehran NA
7 Najafabad NA
8 Qazvin NA
9 Central Tehran NA
10 Yazd NA
Top 10 branches of the Islamic Azad University in 2012[34]
Rank Branch Score
1 Science and Research 100
2 Karaj 99.85
3 Mashhad 99.58
4 Tabriz 99.33
5 Isfahan (Khorasgan) 98.58
6 Arak 96.82
7 North Tehran 95.51
8 Saveh 95.10
9 Shahreza 94.58
10 South Tehran 94.06

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "IAU General Catalog 2020-2021" (PDF).
  2. ^ "EDUCATION vii. SURVEY OF MODERN EDUCATION – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Archived from the original on 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  3. ^ "انتصاب سرپرست دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی". 23 April 2017. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  4. ^ "IAU General Catalog 2015-2016". Archived from the original on 2020-06-26. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  5. ^ "Islamic Azad University Logotype usage guidelines" (PDF). Islamic Azad University. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  6. ^ "The Largest Universities in the World by Enrollment". WorldAtlas. 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  7. ^ Staff Writers (2009-11-23). "Top 10 Largest Universities in the World -". collegestats.org. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  8. ^ "کنکور سراسری در ایران به محاق می رود؟". BBC News فارسی (in Persian). 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  9. ^ "در مورد دانشگاه آزاد در ویکی تابناک بیشتر بخوانید". www.tabnak.ir. Archived from the original on 2018-09-19. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  10. ^ "Back to the Future in Iran's Election". The National Interest. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  11. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica World Almanac, ed. 2004, page 666
  12. ^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-02-05. Retrieved 2010-08-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ a b "Gholamreza Rahimi, Ghader Vazifeh Damirch, "Islamic Azad University Roles in Scientific Development of Iran", Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business, Vol. 1, Issue. 9, (pp. 84–91), September–October 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  14. ^ "The battle over Islamic Azad University". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  15. ^ "دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی نجف‌آباد، واحد جامع مستقل شد/ واحد جامع مستقل تابع استان نیست". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  16. ^ http://iaun.ac.ir/index.php/progressive[permanent dead link] model school-count
  17. ^ رزمی. "General Directorate of International Affairs - اداره کل بین الملل دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی - Oxford Campus". intl.iau.ir. Archived from the original on 2015-07-03. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
  18. ^ "At a glance - Islamic azad university U.A.E Branch". iau.ae. Archived from the original on 2016-10-07. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-04-21. Retrieved 2020-10-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "کنکور سراسری و دانشگاه آزاد باهم ادغام می شوند". Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  21. ^ "شهریه رشته ها و تسهیلات دانشجویی". Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  22. ^ "Farhikhtegan Hospital at SRBIAU near completion in near future , Development Vice President announces - Islamic Azad University،Science And Research Branch". Islamic Azad University،Science And Research Branch. Archived from the original on 2018-03-18. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  23. ^ a b c d "U.S. News & World Report Ranking".
  24. ^ "CWUR".
  25. ^ "SciVisions". www.scivisions.com. Archived from the original on 2018-03-17. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2013-09-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2013-09-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ (CWTS), Centre for Science and Technology Studies. "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016". leidenranking.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  29. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Performance". Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  30. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Performance". Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  31. ^ "نخستین رتبه‌بندی رسمی دانشگاه‌ها و مراکز تحقیقاتی کشور اعلام شد". Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  32. ^ "رتبه بندی دانشگاه ها و موسسات پژوهشی ایران و کشورهای اسلامی". isc.gov.ir. Archived from the original on 24 November 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  33. ^ "Ranking of Iran Universities and Research Institution". isc.gov.ir. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  34. ^ "Rank Iran Azad University". ur.isc.gov.ir. Archived from the original on 28 August 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2017.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 35°43′58″N 51°23′20″E / 35.7328°N 51.3889°E / 35.7328; 51.3889