Poeae

  (Redirected from Aveneae)

The Poeae are the largest tribe of the grasses, with around 2,500 species in 121 genera.[1] The tribe includes many lawn and pasture grasses.

Poeae
Aira caryophyllea FWS-01.jpg
Silver hairgrass (Aira caryophyllea)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Clade: BOP clade
Subfamily: Pooideae
Supertribe: Poodae
L.Liu
Tribe: Poeae
R.Br. (1814)
Genera

121 genera, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Agrostideae Martinov (1820)
  • Agrostidieae Dumort. (1824)
  • Airopsideae Gren. & Godr. (1855)
  • Alopecureae W.D.J. Koch (1837)
  • Anthoxantheae Link ex Endl. (1830)
  • Aveneae Dumort. (1824)
  • Beckmannieae Nevski (1937)
  • Calamagrostideae Trin. (1824)
  • Cinneae Ohwi (1941)
  • Coleantheae Husn. (1896)
  • Cynosureae Dumort. (1824)
  • Dupontieae A. Löve & D. Löve (1961, nom. nud.)
  • Festuceae Dumort. (1824)
  • Gaudinieae Rouy (1913)
  • Graphephoreae (Asch. & Graebn.) Hyl. (1953)
  • Hainardieae Greuter (1967)
  • Holceae J. Presl (1846)
  • Lolieae Link ex Endl. (1830)
  • Koelerieae Schur (1866, nom. nud.)
  • Milieae Link ex Endl. (1830)
  • Phalarideae Kunth (1829)
  • Phleeae Dumort. (1824)
  • Scolochloeae Tzvelev (1968)
  • Seslerieae W.D.J. Koch (1837)
  • Triseteae Gren. & Godr. (1855)
  • Vilfeae Trin. (1824)

TaxonomyEdit

Two separate tribes, Poeae and Aveneae, used to be distinguished based on morphology, but phylogenetic analysis showed that they are intermingled. Poeae now includes the former Aveneae. Phylogenetic analyses identified two lineages based on chloroplast genomes. The genera are classified in 25 subtribes.[1]

Reticulate evolution occurred repeatedly in the tribe.[1]

Chloroplast group 1Edit

Chloroplast group 2Edit

Scolochloinae
Sesleriinae
Airinae
Holcinae
Aristaveninae

Supersubtribe Loliodinae

Loliinae
Dactylidinae
Cynosurinae
Ammochloinae
Parapholiinae

PPAM Clade (including Poodinae)

subtribe incertae sedis
Coleanthinae

Supersubtribe Poodinae

subtribe incertae sedis
Poinae
Miliinae
Phleinae
Beckmanniinae
Cinninae
Alopecurinae
Ventenatinae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Teisher, Jordan K.; Clark, Lynn G.; Barberá, Patricia; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. (2017). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55 (4): 259–290. doi:10.1111/jse.12262. ISSN 1674-4918.  

External linksEdit