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Om Namah Shivaya

  (Redirected from Aum Namah Sivaya)
Om Namah Shivaya in Devanagari script
Om Namah Shivaya audio
Namah Shivaya mantra (in Devanagari and Latin script) as it appeared in Shri Rudram Hymn and Rudrashtadhyayi

Om Namah Shivaya (Devanagari: ॐ नमः शिवाय [1]; IAST: Om Namaḥ Śivāya) is one of the most popular Hindu Mantra and the most important mantra in Shaivism. Namah Shivaya means "O salutations to the auspicious one!", or “adoration to Lord Shiva". It is called Siva Panchakshara, or Shiva Panchakshara or simply Panchakshara meaning the "five-syllable" mantra (viz., excluding the Om) and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is a holy salutation to Lord Shiva. This Mantra appears as 'Na' 'Ma' 'Śi' 'Vā' and 'Ya' in the Shri Rudram hymn which is a part of the Krishna Yajurveda[2] and also in the Rudrashtadhyayi which is a part of the Shukla Yajurveda.

Panchakshara mantra
Om namah Shivaya in Panchakshara form

Contents

Origin of the mantraEdit

This mantra is present in the Shri Rudram hymn which is part of the Krishna Yajurveda[3][4]. Shri Rudram hymn is taken from two chapters in fourth book of Taittiriya Samhita (TS 4.5, 4.7) of Krishna Yajurveda. Each chapter consist of eleven anuvaka or hymns[5]. Name of both chapters are Namakam (chapter five) and Chamakam (chapter seven) respectively.[6] Om Namah Shivaya mantra appears without OM in eighth hymn of Namakam(TS 4.5.8.1) as Namah shivaya ca shivataraya (Sanskrit: नमः शिवाय च शिवतराय च; IAST: Namaḥ śivāya ca śivatarāya ca). It means "Salutations unto Śiva the auspicious one, unto Śivatara the one than whom none more auspicious can exist".[7][8][9][10][11]

This mantra also appears in the Rudrashtadhyayi which is a part of the Shukla Yajurveda. In the Rudrashtadhyayi, the mantra appears in the 5th chapter (also known as Namakam) verse 41 as Namah shivaya ca shivataraya (Sanskrit: नमः शिवाय च शिवतराय च)[12][13][14].

Translations among different traditionsEdit

Namah Shivaya means "O salutations to the auspicious one!", or “adoration to Lord Shiva" preceded by the devotional syllable "Om".

In Siddha Shaivism and Shaiva Siddhanta Shaivism tradition Namah Shivaya is considered as Pancha Bodha Tatva of Lord Shiva and his universal oneness of five elements:

  • Na sound represents earth
  • Ma sound represents water
  • Śi sound represents fire
  • sound represents Pranic air
  • Ya sound represents sky or ether

Its total meaning is that "universal consciousness is one" .


In the Shaiva Siddhanta Shaivism tradition the five letters also represents :

  • Na is the Lord’s concealing grace
  • Ma is the world
  • Śi stands for Shiva
  • is His revealing grace
  • Ya is the Ātman or soul [15]

The Tirumantiram (a scripture in Shaiva Siddhanta Shaivism) announces, “His feet are the letter Na. His navel is the letter Ma. His shoulders are the letter Śi. His mouth, the letter Vā. His radiant cranial center aloft is Ya. Thus is the five-lettered form of Shiva.”: Tirumantiram 941. TM[16][17]

Presence of mantra in different scripturesEdit

  1. This Mantra appears as 'Na' 'Ma' 'Śi' 'Vā' and 'Ya' in the Shri Rudram hymn which is a part of the Krishna Yajurveda. Thus predates the use of Shiva as a proper name, in the original context being an address to Lord Rudra (later Shiva), where Shiva retains its original meaning as an adjective, meaning "auspicious, benign, friendly", a euphemistic epithet of Rudra. [15]
  2. This mantra is also appears in the Rudrashtadhyayi which is a part of the Shukla Yajurveda.[18]
  3. Whole Panchakshara Stotra is dedicated to this mantra.[19][20]
  4. Tirumantiram, a scripture written in Tamil language, speaks of the meaning of the mantra. [21]
  5. It also appears in the Shiva Purana in the chapter 1.2.10 (Shabda-Brahma Tanu) and in its Vidyeshvara samhita and in chapter 13 of the Vayaviya samhita of the Shiva Purana as 'Om Namaha Shivaya'.
  6. The Tamil Saivaite hymn Tiruvacakam begins with the five letters 'Na' 'Ma' 'Śi' 'Vā' and 'Ya'.

UsageEdit

 
Traditional 108+1 Rudraksha mala used for chanting Om Namah Shivaya Mantra

This mantra is repeated verbally or mentally, drawing the mind in upon itself to Lord Shiva’s infinite, all-pervasive presence. Traditionally it is repeated 108 times a day while keeping count on a strand of rudraksha beads. This practice is called japa yoga. It is freely sung and chanted by everyone, but it is most powerful when given by one’s guru. Before this initiation which is called mantra diksha, the guru will usually require a period of study. This initiation is often part of a temple ritual, such as a puja, japa, homa (fire ceremony) , dhyana or and while smearing vibhuti. The guru whispers the mantra into the disciple’s right ear, along with instructions on how and when to chant it. [15]

EffectEdit

This mantra is associated with qualities of prayer, divine-love, grace, truth, and blissfulness. When done correctly, it calms the mind and brings spiritual insight and knowledge. It also keeps the devotee close to Shiva and within His protective global fellowship.

Traditionally, it is accepted to be a powerful healing mantra beneficial for all physical and mental ailments. Soulful recitation of this mantra brings peace to the heart and joy to the Ātman or soul. Many Hindu teachers consider that the recitation of these syllables is sound therapy for the body and nectar for the Ātman. [22] The nature of the mantra is the calling upon the higher self; it is the calling upon Shiva.

In popular cultureEdit

TelevisionEdit

Om Namah Shivay was also a TV serial telecasted on an Indian TV Channel, DD National (DD-1).

MovieEdit

These words were chanted by a prisoner as his heart was ripped out by Mola Ram in the 1984 George Lucas and Steven Spielberg film Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom.

In Eat, Pray, Love: One Woman's Search for Everything Across Italy, India and Indonesia (2007), Elizabeth Gilbert explained that the first chant provided by her guru was "Om Namah Shivaya."[23] Gilbert wrote that this meant "I honor the divinity within me."[24]

GameEdit

These words are chanted by characters Yogi & Reggie as in the 2014 video game Far Cry 4 as the protagonist experiments with their psychedelic concoctions; the fictional religion in the game is loosely based on Hinduism, thus the chant.

Music lyricsEdit

"Om Namah Shivaya" is also featured in the "Mahadeva" tune by Astral Projection, a popular psychedelic trance band.

"Om Namah Shivaya" is also featured in the "Serpente" (Serpent, snake) song in the SETEVIDAS (SEVENLIVES) album (Deckdisc, 2014) by the Brazilian singer Pitty, the princess of rock in Brazil.

Guitarist Steve Hillage also recorded a psychedelic rock version of the song on his 1976 album L, produced by Todd Rundgren.

Om Namah Shivay is the tenth album (and eighth solo album) by Nina Hagen, released in 1999.

"Om Namah Shiva" is found in Jah Wobble's Heaven and Earth album.

"Om Namah Shivaya" is found in MC Yogi's Elephant Power album.

"Om Namaha Shiva" is found on Shiela Chandra's Weaving My Ancestors' Voices album.

"Om Namah Shivaya" Peace offering is found on Apache Indian's Best of Apache Indian 2000 album.

"Om Namah Shivaya" is found on Album Vairagya: Bonding with Beyond by Isha Sounds. “Om Namah Shivaya” is found on the album “Om Namah Shivah ” by Robert Gass & On Wings of Song, and is a 43 minute version of the mantra.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "OM namah Shivaya in russian".
  2. ^ Satguru Bodhinatha, Veylanswami (2017). What Is the Namaḥ Śivāya Mantra? from the "Path to Siva" Book. USA: Himalayan Academy. pp. chapter 16. ISBN 9781934145722.
  3. ^ "Śrī Rudram" (PDF). sec. Introduction.
  4. ^ "Introduction to "Rudram"". sec. What is Rudram ?.
  5. ^ "Sri Rudram". sec. Introduction.
  6. ^ "Sri Rudram".
  7. ^ "Rudram" (PDF). vedaunion. p. anuvaka 8 of Namakam at page-22.
  8. ^ "sri rudram exposition (search for "namaḥ śivāya ca śivatarāya ca" in the PDF on page 3)" (PDF). vedaunion.org. p. 3.
  9. ^ "sri-rudram" (PDF). skandagurunatha.org. p. 4.
  10. ^ "Sri Rudram - Introduction".
  11. ^ "which verse of sri rudram of yajurveda has word shiva (search as "Most importantly 1st verse of 8th Anuvaka mentions the word Shiva as")". hinduism.stackexchange.com.
  12. ^ "RUDRASTADHYAYI". www.archive.org.
  13. ^ "Introduction to rudrashtadhyayi". www.shreemaa.org.
  14. ^ "RUDRASTADHYAYI".
  15. ^ a b c Veylanswami, Bodhinatha (2016). "What Is the Namaḥ Śivāya Mantra?". Path to Siva. Himalayan academy. p. 16. ISBN 9781934145739.
  16. ^ Dancing with Siva. Himalayan Academy. 1997. ISBN 9780945497479.
  17. ^ Dancing with Siva. Scriptural Verses, Maṇḍala 28: Affirmations of Faith,403 Tirumantiram 941. TM: Himalayan Academy. 1997. ISBN 9780945497479.
  18. ^ "rudrashtadhyayi". p. Check first verse's second line. There you can see namah shivaya written in Sanskrit.
  19. ^ "Pachakshara stotram".
  20. ^ "shiva panchakshara stotra".
  21. ^ "Dancing with Siva".
  22. ^ http://www.yogavidya.com/Yoga/ShivaSamhita.pdf
  23. ^ Elizabeth Gilbert (2007). Eat, Pray, Love. p. 133.
  24. ^ "Other Prayers: Aum Namah Shivaya Mantra". www.AradiaGoddess.com. Retrieved 9 September 2010.

External linksEdit