Archibald Douglas (1707–1778)

Former White Hall, Witham, now the Witham Public Library.

Lt-General Archibald Douglas of Kirkton (1707 – 8 November 1778) was a Scottish Army officer and Member of Parliament.[1]

He was the eldest son of William Douglas of Fingland and Elizabeth (Betty) Clerk. His father, a former Jacobite, had been forced to sell the family estate.

He joined the army as a Cornet in the 4th Dragoons (then Sir Robert Rich's Dragoons) in 1739, rising to lieutenant in 1742, captain in 1745, major in 1746, lieutenant-colonel in 1746, colonel in 1756, major-general in 1759 and lieutenant-general in 1761. He took part in the Battles of Dettingen (where he had 3 horses shot from under him and an eyebrow shot away) and Minden. In 1756 he was made Aide-de-Camp to King George II. In 1758 he was made Regimental Colonel of the 13th Dragoons, a position he held until his death.

He sat as member for the Dumfries Burghs (Lochmaben, Annan and Sanquhar) from 1754 to 1761, and for Dumfriesshire from 1761 to 1774.[2] In 1763 he purchased a country house in Newland Street, Witham, Essex which was later known as White Hall.

Douglas died in Dublin in 1778 and was buried at St Nicholas church, Witham, where there is a memorial to him. He had married in 1746 Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Burchard of Witham, Essex, with whom he had 6 sons and 5 daughters.


  1. ^ "DOUGLAS, Archibald (1707-78), of Kirktoun, Dumfries and Witham, Essex". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Electric Scotland". Retrieved 31 July 2011.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir James Johnstone
Member of Parliament for Dumfries Burghs
Succeeded by
Thomas Miller
Preceded by
James Veitch
Member of Parliament for Dumfriesshire
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Laurie
Military offices
Preceded by
John Mostyn
Colonel of the 13th Dragoons
Succeeded by
Richard Pierson