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Arandu[3] (ارندو), also known as Arnawai (ارنوۍ),[4] is a town in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, on the banks of the Landai Sin River just above its confluence with the Kunar River. Arandu lies on the border with Kunar Province, Afghanistan.

Arandu

اَرنْدو[1]
town
Arandu
Arandu
Nickname(s): 
The Gateway of Chitral
Arandu is located in Pakistan
Arandu
Arandu
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 35°18′37″N 71°32′55″E / 35.31028°N 71.54861°E / 35.31028; 71.54861Coordinates: 35°18′37″N 71°32′55″E / 35.31028°N 71.54861°E / 35.31028; 71.54861
Country Pakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictChitral District
Government
 • TypeMPA
 • BodyShahzada Iftikharuddin
Area
 • Total57 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation
1,128 m (3,701 ft)
Highest elevation
3,118 m (10,230 ft)
Lowest elevation
1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population
 (2003)
 • Total27,000
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
PIN
17250[2]
WebsiteOfficial Website

Contents

HistoryEdit

DemographyEdit

Ethnically most residents are Khowar, and Gawar-Bati[5] is the language spoken by the majority of the people in Arandu. As Arandu has a low elevation and is the last village in Chitral District on the traditional trade route to Kabul, locally this language is also known as Aranduiwar.[6] Pashto, Urdu, and Khowar are also spoken and understood.

GeographyEdit

Arandu is located on the banks of the Landai Sin River (Bashgal River) just above its intersection with the Kunar River (Chitral River),[7] along the Drosh-Jalalabad Road. The Drosh-Jalalabad Road, including water traffic along the Kunar, used to be part of a major trade route from India to Kabul. Arundu is built on river benches that rise above the agricultural fields next to the two rivers. Arandu has an average elevation of 327 m (1,073 ft). The Lowari Range is across the Kunar to the north and west, while Mount Raskarla rises to 2,432 metres (7,979 ft) four kilometers to the east.

ClimateEdit

Arandu has the lowest elevation of any place in Chitral District[8] and maintains tropical weather during the summer and warmer temperatures than the rest of Chitral in winter. The winters are rainier than the summers. Its climate is classified as warm and temperate, and is listed as Csa by Köppen and Geiger.[citation needed] The average annual temperature is 17.6 °C in arandu. The average annual rainfall is 800 mm.

Climate data for Arandu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
11.7
(53.1)
16.7
(62.1)
22.4
(72.3)
28.7
(83.7)
35.5
(95.9)
36.9
(98.4)
35.8
(96.4)
32.2
(90.0)
25.5
(77.9)
19.1
(66.4)
12.2
(54.0)
23.8
(74.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
6.8
(44.2)
11.2
(52.2)
16.4
(61.5)
22.0
(71.6)
28.1
(82.6)
30.1
(86.2)
29.2
(84.6)
25.2
(77.4)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
7.0
(44.6)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.9
(35.4)
5.8
(42.4)
10.4
(50.7)
15.4
(59.7)
20.7
(69.3)
23.3
(73.9)
22.6
(72.7)
18.3
(64.9)
11.0
(51.8)
5.7
(42.3)
1.9
(35.4)
11.4
(52.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
99
(3.9)
146
(5.7)
139
(5.5)
69
(2.7)
22
(0.9)
52
(2.0)
56
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
31
(1.2)
26
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
800
(31.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ اَرنْدو (Variant Non-Roman Script – VS) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ http://paperpk.com/postalcodes/post-code-chitral-pakistan-zip-code-chitral
  3. ^ Arandu (Approved – N) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  4. ^ Arnawai (Variant – V) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  5. ^ Gawar-bati means "speech of the Gawar" Decker 1992, pp. 153–154
  6. ^ Decker, Kendall D. (1992). Languages of Chitral. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, volume 5. Islamabad, Pakistan: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University. pp. 153–154. ISBN 978-969-8023-15-7. citing Israr-ud-Din (1969).
  7. ^   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kafiristan". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 631].
  8. ^ Chaudhri, Ikram Ilahi (1957). "A Contribution to the Flora of Chitral State". The Pakistan Journal of Forestry. 7 (2): 103–144, page 104.
  9. ^ "Climate:Arundu". Climate-Data.org / AmbiWeb GmbH.