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Major Anthony Brockholls (or Brockholst)[1] (c. 1656 – August 29, 1723)[2] was and English born Commander-in-Chief (1677-8) and then acting Governor (1681-2) of New York.[3]

Anthony Brockholls
Colonial Governor of New York
Acting
In office
1681–1683
Preceded bySir Edmund Andros
Succeeded byThomas Dongan
In office
1677–1678
Preceded bySir Edmund Andros
Succeeded bySir Edmund Andros
Personal details
Bornc. 1656
England
DiedAugust 29, 1723
Bergen County, New Jersey
Spouse(s)
Susannah Maria Schrick
(m. 1681)

CareerEdit

In 1677, he received a special commission as Commander-in-Chief and when Sir Edmund Andros fled the Province of New York, he became the acting Governor of New York. During Leisler's Rebellion in New York, Brockholls was denounced as "a rank Papist," and had a price set on his head by the then acting-Governor of that Colony, Jacob Leisler.[4]

In June 1681, while acting as Governor of New York, Brockholst presided over a special court that appointed Captain John Youngs (son of John Youngs), High sheriff of Yorkshire to give a petition to the Duke of York for the privilege of setting up a general assembly in the Province of New York.[5] Upon Governor Dongan's arrive in 1683, the petition was granted and the first assembly of New York began in October 1683.[6]

In March 1689, during the wars with the Abenaki Indians on the English fort at Pemaquid, Fort Charles, then the easternmost outpost of colonial Massachusetts (present-day Bristol, Maine), he commanded thirty-six men at the Siege of Pemaquid.[7]

PomptonEdit

In June 1695, Colonel Anthony Brockholls and Captain Arent Schuyler were among several men from New York who purchased a tract of land, five thousand five hundred acres,[8] which became Pompton, where he built a large estate.[9]

FamilyEdit

On May 2, 1681, Brockholls was married to Susannah Maria Schrick (or Schrect or Shrik) in Albany. She was the daughter of Paulus Schrick.[10][9] While most of their children died in childhood, they were the parents of:[9]

  • Henry Brockholst (1684–1766), who married Maria Verplanck.[9][8]
  • Anthony Brockholst (1687–1688), who died young.
  • Anthony Brockholst (1688–1694), who also died young.
  • Judith Brockholst (b. 1690), who married Dirck Van Vechten (1699–1781).[9][11]
  • Jannetje Brockholst (b. 1692), who died young.
  • Susannah Brockholst (1696–1730), who married Philip French III (1697–1782), the son of Philip French II, the 27th Mayor of New York City, and Annetje (née Philipse) French (herself the daughter of Frederick Philipse)[12][2]
  • Johanna Brockholst (1700–1765), who married Frederick Philipse II (1698-1751), the 2nd Lord of Philipsburg Manor.[9]
  • Mary Brockholst (b. 1707), who married Adrian Verplanck.[8]

Brockholls left a will on June 15, 1710, witnessed by Nicholas Bayard, Abraham Post, and William Cutler. He died on August 29, 1723[9] in Bergen County, New Jersey.[13]

DescendantsEdit

His granddaughter through his daughter Johanna, was Susanna French (1723–1789), who married William Livingston (1723–1790),[14] "War-Governor" during the American Revolution, and was the mother of Henry Brockholst Livingston, who was associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1806-1823.[15][16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Greene, Richard Henry; Stiles, Henry Reed; Morrison, George Austin; Dwight, Melatiah Everett; Mott, Hopper Striker; Totten, John Reynolds; Forest, Louis Effingham De; Pitman, Harold Minot; Ditmas, Charles Andrew; Mann, Conklin; Maynard, Arthur S. (1878). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. p. 93. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Ancestors of a 21st century British family". ancestry.com.
  3. ^ "International Genealogical Index (IGI)". Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  4. ^ Kimball, Hoke P.; Henson, Bruce (2017). Governor's Houses and State Houses of British Colonial America, 1607-1783: An Historical, Architectural and Archaeological Survey. McFarland. p. 400. ISBN 9780786470518. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  5. ^ Wood, Silas (1828). A Sketch of the First Settlement of the Several Towns on Long Island: With Their Political Condition, to the End of the American Revolution. A. Spooner. p. 99. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  6. ^ Thompson, Benjamin Franklin (1839). History of Long Island: Containing an Account of the Discovery and Settlement; with Other Important and Interesting Matters to the Present Time. E. French. p. 124. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  7. ^ Sylvester, Herbert Milton (1910). Indian Wars of New England: The land of the Abenake. The French occupation. King Philip's war. St. Castin's war. W.B. Clarke Company. p. 395. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Nelson, William (1882). History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey: With Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Everts & Peck. pp. 553–554. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Hoffman, Samuel Verplanck (1903). Collections of The New-York Historical Society for the Year 1902 | Publication Fund Series. New York: Printed for the Society. p. 91. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Susannah French Livingston". womenhistoryblog.com. History of American Women. 30 January 2009. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ Chambers, Theodore Frelinghuysen (1895). The Early Germans of New Jersey: Their History, Churches, and Genealogies. Dover Printing Company. p. 549. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  12. ^ Richard Henry Greene; Henry Reed Stiles; George Austin Morrison (1878). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. pp. 188–.
  13. ^ Nelson, William (1892). History of the Old Dutch Church at Totowa, Paterson, New Jersey, 1755-1827: Baptismal Register, 1756-1808. Press Print. and Publishing Company. p. 24. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  14. ^ Livingston, Edwin Brockholst (1910). The Livingstons of Livingston Manor: Being the History of that Branch of the Scottish House of Callendar which Settled in the English Province of New York During the Reign of Charles the Second; and Also Including an Account of Robert Livingston of Albany, "The Nephew," a Settler in the Same Province and His Principal Descendants. New York: The Knickerbocker Press. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  15. ^ William Nelson (1876). Biographical Sketch of William Colfax, Captain of Washington's Body Guard.
  16. ^ Tobin, Cathy (2001). Wayne Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 9780738509471. Retrieved 16 November 2017.