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Annual International Exhibitions (London 1871–74)

The International Exhibition building, 1872

Each year from 1871 to 1874 an Annual International Exhibition was held in London, England. These followed on from the 1851 Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations and the 1862 International Exhibition in London, and the many international exhibitions which had been held in various countries since 1851.

The first received over a million visitors[1] and made a profit, but the subsequent three had fewer visitors and all made a loss.[1]

Details of the 1873 Exhibition, officially described as London Annual International Exhibition of all fine arts, industries and inventions, are quoted in this source.[2]

Colonial ExhibitionsEdit

Colonial contributions to the annual international exhibitions in London, England were primarily contained in the Queensland annex. In order for the colonies to contribute to the annual international exhibitions in London, England there needed to be more space for in order for them to be able to set up their exhibitions. This required the construction of a new building. This new building needed funds in order to be built and to be kept in top condition throughout the years, in the form of maintenance, hence every colony that would participate in the exhibition within the Queensland Annex would be asked to donate funds based on the amount of their earnings. In the first year, there were only three colonies that took part in the Queensland annex, more precisely the Belgian annex. The three colonies that took part in this were New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria, during the London exhibition in 1873. During the London exhibition in the year 1873, the colonial exhibitions were not primarily focused on presenting recent technological developments of the current year, which was typical of nations during annual exhibitions. Instead the colonial exhibitions favored showing artworks that depicted how the colonies lived and/or were perceived to have lived and their popular exports. This section of the annual international exhibitions in London, England that enabled colonies to participate in the exhibitions, known as the Queensland annex continued to remain running until the exhibition itself was no longer open. All of the colonies that held exhibitions in the Queensland annex, after 1873, followed in the footsteps of the first three colonies that held exhibitions and would primarily present artworks about how daily life in the colonies was and their popular exports.[3]

Indian ExhibitionsEdit

Unlike the colonies, India was actually present all four years that the annual international exhibitions in London, England were active. However, unlike the colonies that depicted the general life of the colonies and kept a similar theme throughout the years, the exhibitions that represented India had a different theme/subject each year. These themes of the India portion of the exhibitions in chronological order were woolens/pottery, jewelry, silks and leather objects. During the London, England exhibition of 1871 was popular among the general public. In 1872 the exhibition had a theme of showing jewelry from India. The jewelry that was presented was not limited to the jewelry of certain classes of Indian society and instead the exhibition of 1872 showed pieces that were worn by both sexes from all economic classes. The third exhibition, which took place in 1873 was heavily focused on presenting Indian silks. The silks that were shown during the exhibition were both plain and embroidered. During the final year of the international annual exhibition in London, England the primary theme of the Indian proportion of the exhibition was leather made objects. However, it is important to note while each year of the annual exhibition that the Indian exhibition did have a theme, the exhibitions representing India were not limited to said themes. In fact, during every annual exhibition there was a large amount of Indian artwork shown.[3] These artworks included ornaments, miniatures, carvings and embroideries, etc... made of inlaid wood, metal works, ivory, onyx.[4] These exhibitions were presented in a location known as an Indian court.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pelle, Findling, ed. (2008). "Appendix B:Fair Statistics". Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 414. ISBN 9780786434169.
  2. ^ "1873 London International Exhibition".
  3. ^ a b c A Special Report on the Annual International Exhibitions of the Years 1871, 1872, 1873, & 1874, Drawn Up by Sir Henry Cole, K.c.b., Acting Commissioner in 1873 and 1874, and Presented by the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851 to the Right Honourable Richard Assheton Cross, &c. &c., One of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State. , 2006. Internet resource.
  4. ^ The International Exhibition, 1871. London: Virtue & Co., 1871. Internet resource.