The Angu or Änga people, also called Kukukuku (pronounced "cookah-cookah") or Toulambi by neighbouring tribes, are a small and previously violent group speaking a number of related languages and living mainly in the high, mountainous region of south-western Morobe, a province of Papua New Guinea. Even though they are a short people, often less than 5 foot, they were once feared for their violent raids on more peaceful villages living in lower valleys.
Despite the high altitude and cold climate of their homeland, the Änga only wore limited clothing, including grass skirts, with a piece similar to a sporran, and cloaks made from beaten bark, called mals.
An account of some of the first contact between the Angu and westerners is described vividly by J. K. McCarthy in his book Patrol into Yesterday: My New Guinea Years.
Four of the Änga languages are almost extinct, but the largest tribe, the Hamtai, are thriving, with a population of 45,000.
Some Aseki district tribes have become a tourist attraction due to their mummies. There are three famous mummy sites around Aseki in the Hamtai territory. The Hamtai people now have a small income from charging scientists, tourists and photographers a fee before entrance to the mummy sites.
A film by Jean-Pierre Dutilleux purports to show first contact between the Toulambi and white people around 1999, but has been accused of being staged by anthropologist Pierre Lemonnier, who claims a first-hand relationship with the tribe. Lemonnier, however, was sued for defamation and lost the case. Dutilleux's own website claims the tribe as first contacted in 1993.
- Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth Edition, M. Paul Lewis, editor; ISBN 978-1-55671-216-6
- Lightbody, Mark; Wheeler, Tony (1985). Papua New Guinea: a travel survival guide (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-0-908086-59-7.
- Neubauer, Ian Lloyd. "The smoked corpses of Aseki". www.bbc.com.
- Primitive Forest Tribe Meets Modern Man for the First Time (FULL), YouTube, retrieved 2020-01-18
- Tribal Journeys (1998) on IMDb
- Dutilleux, Jean-Pierre (1998). Tribal Journeys (Television production).
- Dutilleux, Jean-Pierre (2001). "Toulambis, les fantômes de la forêt". Vodeo.tv (Documentary). Alexandra Films. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
- Lemonnier, Pierre (2004). "The hunt for authenticity: Stone Age Stories Out of Context". The Journal of Pacific History. 39 (1): 79–98. doi:10.1080/00223340410001684868. ISSN 0022-3344.
the principal actor in this sketch played out in the name of authenticity told me that he had later cried in shame at his part in this charade. ... Sued for defamation, the author lost the legal proceedings brought against him
- Tribunal de Grande Instance de Paris, 1st chamber, 1st section, verdict of 12 May 1997
- "The Toulambi". Jean Pierre Dutilleux Official Web Site. 2017-10-27. Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
European explorers first encountered the Toulambi in 1993.
- A New Venture into the Unknown, booklet produced by the Melanesian Mission on their proposed mission to the Kukukuku people of New Guinea, 1935.
- "Kukukuku, the Angu people, Papua New Guinea" by Carolyn Leigh, Art-Pacific, August 19, 2002. Retrieved December 28, 2005
- "The Smoked Corpses of Aseki" by Ian Lloyd Neubauer "BBC - Travel", December 3, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2016