Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and south through eastern Mexico and Central America to Panama. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in sunny locations.
|Foliage and fruit|
|Natural range of Sambucus canadensis|
Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli
It is a deciduous suckering shrub growing to 3 m or more tall. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, pinnate with five to nine leaflets, the leaflets around 10 cm long and 5 cm broad. In summer, it bears large (20–30 cm diameter) corymbs of white flowers above the foliage, the individual flowers 5–6 mm diameter, with five petals.
The flower (known as an elderflower) is edible, as well as the ripe berries. Other parts of the plant, such as leaves, stems, roots, and unripe fruits, are toxic due to the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, and alkaloids.
Uses for the fruit include wine, jelly and dye. Leaves and inner bark can be used as an insecticide and a dye.
- "Sambucus nigra". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
- Peterson, Lee Allen (1977). Edible Wild Plants: Eastern/Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 172. ISBN 0-395-92622-X.
- Preston, Richard J.; Braham, Richard R. (2002). North American Trees: Fifth Edition. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State Press. p. 199. ISBN 0-8138-1526-6.
- "Sambucus canadensis". North Carolina State Extension.
- "Sambucus canadensis". Plants for a Future.
- Media related to Sambucus canadensis at Wikimedia Commons
- USDA Plants Profile: Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis
- Vanderbilt University Bioimages photo gallery: Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
- Data related to Sambucus canadensis at Wikispecies