National Cattlemen's Beef Association(Redirected from American Beef Council)
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|Legal status||501(c)(6) trade association|
|Headquarters||9110 East Nichols Avenue, Suite 300,
Centennial, Colorado 80112,
|Subsidiaries||National Cattlemen's Building Corporation,
National Cattlemen's Foundation Inc,
National Cattlemen's Association PAC
|Mission||To increase profit opportunities for cattle and beef producers by enhancing the business climate and building consumer demand.|
National Cattlemen's Beef Association operates the Cattle Industry Annual Convention & Trade Show and Cattle Industry Summer Conference.
National Cattlemen's Beef Association is the group responsible for the ad campaign run in the U.S. using the slogan "Beef. It's What's For Dinner". Music from the ballet Rodeo by Aaron Copland is used in the radio and television commercials. On January 21, 2008, Matthew McConaughey became the spokesman of the organization, having taken over from Sam Elliott and the late Jim Davis and Robert Mitchum. The Dinner ad replaced Beef. Real food for real people. James Garner was spokesman until he underwent quintuple heart bypass surgery.
Beef Checkoff assessmentEdit
National Cattlemen's Beef Association is funded partially by membership dues and partially through the Beef Checkoff, which imposes a mandatory assessment on each head of cattle at sale. The assessment, which was authorized by Congress in the Beef Promotion and Research Act of 1985, brings in around $85 million a year, of which the National Cattlemen's Beef Association receives roughly $55 million.
The constitutionality of the assessment tax and its subsequent use to finance beef advertising tried in the United States Supreme Court case of Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association. A group of cattle producers sued the United States Department of Agriculture for being forced to pay for advertising they disagreed with, violating their First Amendment right to free speech. The Supreme Court held that the mandatory assessment fund paid for government speech, and therefore the government could not be sued under the First Amendment. The Supreme Court agreed that compelled funding of private speech is unconstitutional, compelled funding of government speech generally is not. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the mandatory assessment in a 6–3 decision.
During the same period, National Cattlemen's Beef Association spent $26.0 million on advertising and promotion; $15.8 million to compensate its own employees; $5.5 million on travel, conferences, conventions, and meetings; and $1.2 million on occupancy; and $11.5 million on other expenses.
National Cattlemen's Beef Association supported the Farmers Undertake Environmental Land Stewardship Act, a bill that would require the Environmental Protection Agency to modify the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure rule, which regulates oil discharges into navigable waters and adjoining shorelines. The rule requires certain farmers to develop an oil spill prevention plan that is certified by a professional engineer and may require them to make infrastructure changes. According to supporters, this bill would "ease the burden placed on farmers and ranchers" by making it easier for smaller farms to self-certify and raising the level of storage capacity under which farms are exempted. National Cattlemen's Beef Association's president said that they were "pleased" that the "bill will keep many of our producers from having to undertake excess costs as a result of the Environmental Protection Agency's overregulation."
In 2013, National Cattlemen's Beef Association supported the Water Rights Protection Act, a bill that would have prevented federal agencies from requiring certain entities to relinquish their water rights to the United States in order to use public lands.
Lack of transparency in checkoff programs can allow for detrimental conflicts of interest to occur, while also potentially allowing them to be concealed. The USDA’s Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has failed to comply with a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request by the Organization for Competitive Markets (OCM). This group had filed a federal lawsuit charging that the OIG is withholding records on the 2011-2014 investigation into the national beef checkoff program. The OCM found “irregularities” in funding, with over $200,000 returned by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA), which is the largest contractor of the beef checkoff. The FOIA request for more than 10,000 pages of information, acknowledged by OIG has only provided OCM with 1,000 heavily redacted pages from the OIG after 18 months and multiple demands. This lack of transparency alludes to a cover-up of information regarding the NCBA playing with U.S cattlemen’s money.
Partnerships between checkoff boards and lobbying organizations often go beyond general commodity promotion, resulting in unlawful coordination with policy and advocacy groups. The supposedly independent Federation of State Beef Councils (Federation) was recently made a division of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. This allots for the Federation to maintain 50% of the vote which awards Beef Checkoff contracts. The NCBA is also an affiliate organization to 16 of the 40 plus recognized State Beef Councils that administer the collection of the $1 mandatory fee required by U.S cattlemen to pay. The Federation has strongly opposed all resolutions on Cattlemen’s Beef Board for the federation to be separated from NCBA.
Checkoff programs are not meant to restrict markets through anti-competitive protectionist agencies, yet The Cattlemen’s Beef Board has developed a “masters of beef advocacy” program which trains its advocates to wage assault on agriculture reformers who promote non-corporate forms of farming and ranching. The NCBA also attacked USDA staffers who sent a newsletter supporting John Hopkins School of Public Health “Meatless Monday” programs.
- "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". National Cattlemen's Beef Association. September 30, 2015.
- "Leadership Team". National Cattlemen's Beef Association. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Senior Leadership Team". National Cattlemen's Beef Association. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- Nestle, Marion (2013). Food Politics. Oakland: University of California Press. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-520-25403-9.
- Chung, Grace (July 21, 2014). "REMEMBERING JAMES GARNER: ACTOR AND POLAROID SPOKESMAN". Ad Age. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "All About The Beef Checkoff". Multinational Monitor. September 28, 2007. Retrieved December 14, 2010. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007.
- Charter, Jeanne. "A Serious Beef with the National Cattlemen's Beef Association". Multinational Monitor. July 2000. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- "Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association". Oyez. IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. May 23, 2005. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- "Johannes v. Livestock Marketing Association". United States Supreme Court. Legal Information Institute. Cornell University Law School. May 23, 2005.
- "H.R. 311 - CBO". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "Committee passes legislation to ease burden of SPCC program". High Plains Journal. December 23, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
- "H.R. 3189 - CBO". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
- "Urge Congress to Support of the Water Rights Protection Act". National Cattlemen's Beef Association. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Stout, Hilary; Ingersoll, Bruce. "Clinton approves actions to beef up beef prices". Wall Street Journal. May 1, 1996. p. A2.
- Enoch, Daniel. "Lawsuit seeks documents from USDA Inspector General beef checkoff probe". AgriPulse.
- Callicrate, Mike. "The Beef Checkoff: A Broken and Failed Program". Organization for Competitive Markets.
- Harmon, Amy. "Retracting a Plug for Meatless Mondays". New York Times.