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Ali Mussa Daqduq is a senior Hezbollah leader and senior advisor to Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq leader Qais al-Khazali.[1] He was captured by US troops in Basra, Iraq on 20 March 2007 along with Qais al-Khazali and his brother Laith al-Khazali. He is alleged to have participated in a 20 January 2007 attack killing five US troops in Karbala, Iraq. Later, in 2012, two Iraqi courts found him not guilty of masterminding the 2007 raid on an American military base and released him from prison.[2][3] US Intelligence has alleged that Daqduq's testimony during his internment is key evidence for collaboration between Iran and Hezbollah.

Ali Musa Daqduq
Ali Musa Daqduq in US custody.jpg
Born9 August 1969 to 5 March 1972
Beirut, Lebanon
Arrested20 March 2007
Basra, Iraq
USA
Released16 November 2012
Iraq
CitizenshipLebanese
Detained atGuantanamo Bay camp
Alternate name
  • Ali Mussa Daqduq al-Musawi
  • Hamid Muhammad Jabur al-Lami
  • Husayn Muhammad Jabur al-Musui
Alleged to be a member ofAsa'ib Ahl al-Haq; Hezbollah
Charge(s)
  • false identification
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(15), Murder in violation of the law of war
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(13), Intentionally causing serious bodily injury
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(17), Using treachery or perfidy
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(24), Terrorism
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(25), Providing material support for terrorism
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(27), Spying
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(28), Attempted murder in violation of the law of war
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(28), Attempted taking hostages
  • 10 U.S.C. § 950t(29), Conspiracy
StatusTwo Iraqi courts found him not guilty and ordered his release.

On 2 July 2007 US forces identified that they had captured Daqduq.[4] They asserted he was a member of Hezbollah, and was operating with support from Iran. The 2 July press briefing published images of Daqduq's forged identity documents. Iranian officials denied that assertion on 4 July 2007.[5] Daqduq pretended to be deaf and mute when he was captured, and refused to speak for weeks.[6]

In November 2011 Reuters reported that the US was negotiating with the Iraqi government to hold Daqduq in US custody after the US pulls out of Iraq in December 2011.[6] An agreement could not be reached, and Daqduq was transferred to Iraqi custody on 18 December 2011.[7]

On 7 May 2012, Iraq dismissed terrorism and false documents charges against Daqduq. The case was automatically appealed, and he remained imprisoned until the case was heard in superior court. The United States believed that releasing him was a very bad idea, that the evidence is clear, and that he was likely to commit more acts of resistance against US occupation forces if released. Officials in the military commissions system in the United States began procedures to charge Daqduq with war crimes (specifically, that he killed or ordered killed four US soldiers captured during a raid); the future of this is unclear.[8]

On 16 November 2012, Daqduq was released from Iraqi custody as the Iraqi government determined that it no longer had a legal basis to hold him.[9]

On 13 March 2019, Israel Defense Forces spokesperson Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus accused Daqduq of having come back to Lebanon and then Syria, and founding a Hezbollah-operated network of "a few" Syrian operatives manning outposts in the Golan Heights border village of Hader, Syria and collecting intelligence against Israeli targets.[10] The accusation included video footage of men walking to and from the outposts.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Michael R. Gordon (5 May 2008). "Hezbollah Trains Iraqis in Iran, Officials Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-06. There have been earlier indications of Hezbollah involvement. Ali Mussa Daqduq, a senior Lebanese Hezbollah commander, was captured in Iraq in March 2007. At first he refused to talk, presumably to avoid giving away his Lebanese accent. As a consequence, he was initially dubbed Hamid the Mute by American officials.
  2. ^ http://www.democratandchronicle.com/usatoday/article/56687214?odyssey=mod%7Cnewswell%7Ctext%7CLocal%20News%7Cp
  3. ^ Jakes, Lara (3 August 2012). "Iraq won't let U.S. try Hezbollah figure". Philadelphia Inquirer. Associated Press.
  4. ^ "Press briefing" (PDF). US forces in Iraq. 2 July 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
  5. ^ "Iran heaps scorn on U.S. claim of Hezbollah in Iraq". CNN. 2 July 2007. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-06. – An Iranian official slammed what he called "ridiculous and false claims" from U.S. officials about the "arrest of a foreign citizen in Iraq and his relation with Iran."
  6. ^ a b Phil Stewart (3 November 2011). "As troops leave, U.S. seeks custody of key Iraq detainee". reuters. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-06. With less than 60 days before the complete withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq, the United States is quietly seeking to keep custody of its highest profile detainee there, U.S. and Iraqi officials say.
  7. ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/12/17/u-s-turns-over-terrorism-suspect-ali-musa-daqduq-to-iraq.html
  8. ^ Healy, Jack; Savage, Charlie (6 May 2012). "Iraqi Court Acts to Free Suspect in Deadly Raid on G.I.'s". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  9. ^ Gordon, Michael (16 November 2012). "Against U.S. Wishes, Iraq Releases Man Accused of Killing American Soldiers". NY Times. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  10. ^ Forces, Israel Defense (12 March 2019). "Previously classified intelligence now cleared for publication: Ali Musa Daqduq, a senior operative in the Lebanon-based terrorist organization Hezbollah, has been operating a new terror cell in Syria". idf. Retrieved 13 March 2019.