Sir Alexander Bannerman, 11th Baronet
Sir Alexander Bannerman
|Born||16 December 1871|
Brackley, Northamptonshire, England
|Died||10 March 1934 (aged 62)|
George, Cape Province, South Africa
|Commands held||School of Ballooning|
|Battles/wars||Second Boer War|
Bannerman was born in Brackley in Northamptonshire and educated at Wellington College and subsequently at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. He succeeded to the title of 11th Baronet Bannerman, of Elsick in Kincardineshire, on the death of his father the 10th Baronet on 2 December 1901.
Bannerman was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers on 13 August 1891, and promoted to lieutenant on 13 August 1894. He saw active service in the Second Boer War, and was mentioned in Lord Roberts' despatches. Following the end of the war, he was promoted to captain on 22 July 1902.
After the war he returned to the United Kingdom on the SS Orotava which arrived at Southampton in early September 1902, only to depart again in 1903 on a special mission to Japan as British military attache at the Japanese headquarters during the Russo-Japanese War. While there, he observed the use by the Japanese of a tethered balloon at Port Arthur. At the start of 1908, Bannerman was sent to the War Office to work as a general staff officer (third class).
In October 1910, Bannerman left the War Office in order to replace Colonel John Capper as the officer commanding the British Army's School of Ballooning. In April 1911, when the School of Ballooning was reorganized and the Air Battalion was formed within the Royal Engineers, Bannerman served as its commandant. Just before the Air Battalion became the Royal Flying Corps, Bannerman took flying lessons in order to gain his Royal Aero Club certificate.
He had been a balloonist, so had little knowledge of aeroplanes and he is not reckoned as a successful commander of the Air Battalion.
Awards and decorationsEdit
- Queen's South Africa Medal
- King's South Africa Medal
- 1914–15 Star
- War medal 1915-1918
- Victory Medal
- King George V Coronation Medal
- Mentioned in despatches (Boer War)
- Order of the Rising Sun, 4th class (Japan)
- Order of the Sacred Treasure, 4th class (Japan)
- Russo-Japanese War Medal
- "Personalities, Surname B". angloboerwar.com. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010.
- Driver, Hugh (1997). The Birth of Military Aviation: Britain, 1903-1914. Royal Historical Society. p. 260. ISBN 086193234X.
- Hart′s Army list, 1903
- "No. 27467". The London Gazette. 22 August 1902. p. 5465.
- "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36858). London. 28 August 1902. p. 9.
- "No. 28097". The London Gazette. 7 January 1908. p. 139.
- "No. 28426". The London Gazette. 21 October 1910. p. 7436.
- Turner, Charles Cyril (1972) . "Ch. XXII". The Old Flying Days. Ayer Publishing. p. 294. ISBN 0-405-03783-X.
- "Aviation Corps for British Army". Flight. 8 October 1910. p. 824.
- Raleigh, Sir Walter Alexander; Jones, Henry Albert (1922). The war in the air; being the story of the part played in the Great War by the Royal Air Force. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 188.
- Gollin, Alfred M. No Longer an Island: Britain and the Wright Brothers, 1902-1909. Stanford University Press. p. 229.
- "Major Bannerman Retires". Flight. 7 September 1912. p. 822.
- "No. 28639". The London Gazette. 27 August 1912. p. 6374.
- "A link with the past broken". FLIGHT. 15 March 1934. p. 261.
- "Medals Lt Col Sir Alexander Bannerman". Retrieved 25 September 2015.
Sir John Capper
| Commander of the Balloon School
As Commandant of the Air Battalion
As Commander of the Balloon School
| Commandant of the Air Battalion
Sir Frederick Sykes
As Officer Commanding the
Military Wing of the Royal Flying Corps
|Baronetage of Nova Scotia|