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Alastair (Baron Hans Henning Voigt)

Illustration from Harry Crosby's book Red Skeletons published in 1927

Hans Henning Otto Harry Baron von Voigt (20 October 1887 – 30 October 1969), best known by his nickname Alastair, was a German artist, composer, dancer, mime, poet, singer and translator.[1]


Mysterious, flamboyant, enigmatic and attractive to many people, Baron Hans Henning Voight was born of German nobility in Karlsruhe.[2]:5 In his youth he joined the circus and learned mime.[2] Shortly after leaving school he studied philosophy at Marburg University where he met the writer Boris Pasternak.[2] He was self-taught as an artist, and he was also a proficient dancer and pianist.[3]

He died in Munich in 1969.


He is best known as an illustrator, under the nom de plume "Alastair". His career as an artist was launched in 1914, when John Lane published Forty-Three Drawings by Alastair.[3]

His drawings, which are often decadent in spirit and have the look of Art Deco, are influenced somewhat by the drawings of the English artist Aubrey Beardsley, who illustrated works by Oscar Wilde, as Alastair would later do. His ‘serpentine line’ often depicts characters whose outlines are lightly drawn with the main areas filled in with ‘broken dotted lines’.[2]:6 His drawings were in black and white ink, sometimes with one colour added. Alastair's illustrations show a strong influence from the Decadent movement in art and poetry that had begun decades earlier, with the "perverse and sinister"[3] a recurring theme. Intricate decorative elements and fine detail are apparent in his works.

Alastair’s fame spread in 1920 with the publication of Wilde's The Sphinx, which contained ten full-page illustrations by him, ‘printed in black and turquoise’.[2]:12 Many of his drawings were inspired by the poems of Wilde, and in 1922 Alastair would illustrate a book of Wilde’s play Salome.[2]:13

Other books containing Alastair's illustrations include:

In The Blind Bow-Boy Alastair depicted the ‘androgynous male’.

Alastair had at least one public exhibition of his works during his lifetime, at the Weyhe Gallery in New York in 1925.[3]

During the 1930s, he stopped drawing, only to resume in 1964.[2]:pp. 24–29


  1. ^ Hans-Gert Roloff: Die Deutsche Literatur: Die Deutsche literatur von 1890 bis 1990. P. Lang 2003, p. 528
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Arwas, Victor (1979). Alastair: Illustrator of Decadence. London: Thames and Hudson. 
  3. ^ a b c d Souter, Nick and Tessa (2012). The Illustration Handbook: A guide to the world's greatest illustrators. Oceana. p. 101. ISBN 9781845734732. 
  4. ^ "The birthday of the Infanta". Retrieved 2017-02-28.