Air Development Squadron 51 (JMSDF)
Air Development Squadron 51 (第51航空隊 daigojuuichikoukuutai) (which is also referred to as Fleet Air Squadron 51 or VX-51) is a unit in the Japanese Maritime Self-Defence Force. It is a part of the Fleet Air Force and is based at Naval Air Facility Atsugi in Kanagawa prefecture.
|Air Development Squadron 51 (VX-51)|
Kawasaki UP-1 of Squadron 51 (2013)
|Active||1 September 1961|
|Branch||Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force|
|Part of||Fleet Air Force|
|Garrison/HQ||Naval Air Facility Atsugi|
|Helicopter||SH-60J/K & USH-60K|
|Patrol||P-1 & UP-1, P-3C & UP-3C|
Founding and early historyEdit
In 1961 the squadron was formed at Hachinohe Air Base in Aomori Prefecture with six Lockheed P2V-7 Neptune and six Grumman S-2F Tracker aircraft as part of Fleet Air Wing 2. In 1963 it moved to Shimofusa Air Base in Chiba Prefecture and came under the authority of Fleet Air Wing 4.
In 1966 it received P-2J aircraft. In 1968 a detachment at MCAS Iwakuni in Yamaguchi Prefecture was established. In 1968 the squadron was removed from Fleet Air Wing 4's command and was placed directly under the control of the Fleet Air Force. In 1981 it moved to Atsugi Naval Air Facility in Kanagawa Prefecture
After move to AtsugiEdit
Later in 1981 the squadron received Lockheed P-3C Orion aircraft, and in 1983 the Iwakuni detachment was disbanded. In 1989 the squadron received Sikorsky MH-53E aircraft and in 1991 it received SH-60J aircraft. In 1995 it received a UP-3C for equipment testing.
During efforts to sell the aircraft to the UK, a pair of P-1s including one belonging to of the squadron were present for the 2015 Royal International Air Tattoo, one aircraft performing a flying display while the other was on static display; this was the first time that any Japanese military aircraft had performed in a European flight display. After their UK appearance, the P-1s proceeded to the Japan Self-Defense Force Base Djibouti at Ambouli International Airport, Djibouti, to continue with operational trials within tropical and desert climates.
The squadron is composed of two flights:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air Development Squadron 51 (JMSDF).|
- US, JMSDF perform formation flight June 30, 2016 Military News Retrieved February 9, 2017
- Japanese Ministry of Defence: Atsugi NAF Squadrons Retrieved February 9, 2017 (in Japanese)
- Thompson, Paul JMSDF - Order of Battle Retrieved February 11, 2017
- Airborne Ocean Surveillance Retrieved February 9, 2017
- Gady, Franz-Stefan. "Japan Seeks To Export its New Sub-Hunting Plane." The Diplomat, 9 July 2015.
- "Japan Makes Air Tattoo History." Archived 2015-07-07 at the Wayback Machine Royal Air Force Charitable Trust, 7 July 2015.
- "Japanese patrol planes to star at Royal International Air Tattoo." Swindon Advertised, 8 July 2015.
- "Ｐ－１哨戒機のジブチで運用試験実施 及び英国ロイヤル・ンターナ 及び英国ロイヤル・ンターナ 及び英国ロイヤル・ンターナショナル・エアタトゥーへの 参加 について." Japanese Ministry of Defense, 7 July 2015.