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Sheikh Abadir Umar ar-Rida al Harari (Harari: ኣው ኣባዲር, Somali: Abaadir Umar Ar-Rida, Arabic: الفقيه عمر الرضا أبادر البكري الصديقي التيمي القرشي الهرري‎), also known as Fiqi Umar and Abadir Musa Warwaje'le,[1] was a Arab Muslim cleric patron saint of the city of Harar in modern-day eastern Ethiopia. He is regarded as the immediate common patriarch of the Hadiya-Halaba, Harla-Harari and the Sheekhaal clan.

Abadir Umar ar-Rida
الفقيه عمر الرضا أبادر البكري الصديقي التيمي القرشي
Abadir Omar Al-Rida.jpg


Ar-Rida is the main figure in the Fath Madinat Harar, an unpublished history of Harar in the 13th century. According to the account, he along with several other religious leaders traveled from the Hijaz region of present-day Saudi Arabia to Harar in 612H (1216 AD).[2] Ar-Rida subsequently married a Harari woman, and constructed the city's Jamia mosque.[1]


The Somali sheekhaal clan traces descent to Sheikh Abadir ar-Rida, also known as Fiqi Umar.[3] Ar-Rida in turn traced his lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sayid Abubakar Al-Sadiq).[3] According to the explorer Richard F. Burton, Fiqi Umar crossed over from the Arabian Peninsula to the Horn of Africa ten generations prior to 1854.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Emir Sheikh Abadir Musa Warwaje’le
  2. ^ Siegbert Uhlig, Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: He-N, Volume 3, (Otto Harrassowitz Verlag: 2007), pp.111 & 319.
  3. ^ a b c Burton, Richard (1856). First Footsteps in East Africa. pp. 279–280. Claiming descent from the Caliph Abubakr, they assert that ten generations ago, bin Fakih Umar crossed over from El Hejaz, and settled in Eastern Africa with his six sons, Umar the greater, Umar the less, two Abdillahs, Ahmed, and lastly Siddik.


  • Michael Belaynesh, Stanisław Chojnacki, Richard Pankhurst, The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography: From early times to the end of the Zagwé dynasty c. 1270 A.D, (Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University: 1975)

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