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Wireless Gigabit Alliance

  (Redirected from 802.11ad)
WiGig Alliance logo

The Wireless Gigabit Alliance[1] (WiGig) was a trade association that developed and promoted the adoption of multi-gigabit per second speed wireless communications technology operating over the unlicensed 60 GHz frequency band. The alliance was subsumed by the Wi-Fi Alliance in March 2013.[2]

The formation of the WiGig alliance to promote the IEEE 802.11ad protocol was announced in May 2009. [3][4][5][6][7][8] The completed version 1.0 WiGig specification was announced in December 2009.[9][10][11][12][13] In May 2010, WiGig announced the publication of its specification, the opening of its Adopter Program, and the liaison agreement with the Wi-Fi Alliance to cooperate on the expansion of Wi-Fi technologies.[14][15] In June 2011, WiGig announced the release of its certification-ready version 1.1 specification.[14]

The WiGig specification allows devices to communicate without wires at multi-gigabit speeds. It enables high performance wireless data, display and audio applications that supplement the capabilities of previous wireless LAN devices. WiGig tri-band enabled devices, which operate in the 2.4, 5 and 60 GHz bands, deliver data transfer rates up to 7 Gbit/s, about as fast as an 8-band 802.11ac transmission, and more than 11 times faster than the highest 802.11n rate, while maintaining compatibility with existing Wi-Fi devices. The 60 GHz signal cannot typically penetrate walls but can propagate off reflections from walls, ceilings, floors and objects using beamforming built into the WiGig system. When roaming away from the main room, the protocol can switch to make use of the other lower bands at a much lower rate, both of which can propagate through walls.[16][17]



Among the companies that comprise the board of directors are:

Contributor members include:

Ali Sadri is the president and chairman of the board of WiGig Alliance, and also founded the movement.[21] Sadri directs all activities throughout the alliance, from leading the board of directors to providing support for the technical working groups.[citation needed]


The Wireless gigabit alliance set about its task for creating faster and more efficient communications technology in 2007.[citation needed] Their idea was to set about creating wirelessly interconnected home entertainment and office devices, like PCs, tablets, smartphones and displays, entirely removing the need for wires. They also wanted devices to be constantly connected and ready to transfer. Thus eliminating the need to have both a laptop and a tablet, as a device could connect straight to a display. In May 2009, the alliance announced something,[clarification needed] and WiGig 1.0, announced in December of the same year. In 2010, WiGig and the Wi-Fi alliance announced a cooperation agreement. The agreement combined 60 GHz with traditional Wi-Fi networking that extended the range at slower speeds and helped signals to go through walls to cover entire homes. On November 3, 2010, the WiGig Alliance and the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) announced an association to define the next generation standard wireless display technology. VESA and WiGig Alliance agreed to share technology specifications to develop multi-gigabit wireless Display Port capabilities.

The official standard was published by the Standards Association of the IEEE in December 2012 as IEEE 802.11ad-2012 as an amendment to the overall IEEE 802.11 standard family.[22]

In January 2013, after more than two years of collaboration, the Wireless Gigabit Alliance announced it would merge with the Wi-Fi Alliance. The merger was finalized in March.[2] Although no longer a separate organization, the WiGig technology kept its name, with the Wi-Fi Alliance planning to jointly certify both devices in late 2013.

On September 9, 2013, a statement revealed that the WiGig protocol would be used in a new wireless version of USB through a deal between the Wi-Fi Alliance and the USB Implementers Forum. The Wireless USB standard would use existing USB 2.0 and 3.0 drivers. The Wi-Fi alliance transferred WiGig wireless transmission technology to the USB Implementers Forum as it is expected that WiGig certified products will implement USB functionality.[citation needed]


The WiGig MAC and PHY Specification, version 1.1 includes the following capabilities:[14][23]

  • Supports data transmission rates up to 7 Gbit/s – a bit over eleven times as fast as the highest 802.11n rate
  • Supplements and extends the 802.11 Media Access Control (MAC) layer and is backward compatible with the IEEE 802.11 standard
  • Physical layer enables low power and high performance WiGig devices, guaranteeing interoperability and communication at gigabit per second rates
  • Protocol adaptation layers are being developed to support specific system interfaces including data buses for PC peripherals and display interfaces for HDTVs, monitors and projectors
  • Support for beamforming, enabling robust communication at up to 10 meters. The beams can move within the coverage area through modification of the transmission phase of individual antenna elements, which is called phase array antenna beamforming.
  • Widely used advanced security and power management for WiGig devices


On November 3, 2010, WiGig Alliance announced the WiGig version 1.0 A/V and I/O protocol adaptation layer (PAL) specifications.[14] The application specifications have been developed to support specific system interfaces including extensions for PC peripherals and display interfaces for HDTVs, monitors and projectors.

WiGig Display Extension

WiGig Bus Extension and WiGig Serial Extension. The WiGig Bus Extension (WBE) was available to members in 2011.[24]

  • Define high-performance wireless implementations of widely used computer interfaces over 60 GHz
  • Enable multi-gigabit wireless connectivity between any two devices, such as connection to storage and other high-speed peripherals


On May 10, 2010, the Wi-Fi Alliance and WiGig Alliance announced a cooperation agreement for multi-gigabit wireless networking. The Wi-Fi Alliance and the WiGig Alliance shared technology specifications for the development of a Wi-Fi Alliance certification program supporting Wi-Fi operation in the 60 GHz frequency band.[25][26][27]

On November 3, 2010, the WiGig Alliance and the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) announced a liaison for standard wireless display technology. VESA and WiGig Alliance agreed to share technology specifications to develop multi-gigabit wireless DisplayPort capabilities and create a certification program for wireless DisplayPort products.[28]

On June 28, 2011, the WiGig Alliance announced becoming an Adopter of HDMI Licensing, LLC to further provide WiGig Display Extension (WDE) support for HDMI mapping. WDE is the only 60 GHz specification that defines a framework to connect to DisplayPort monitors and HDMI TVs, enabling applications such as the wireless transmission of compressed or uncompressed video.[14][29]


WiGig competes with WirelessHD in some applications. WirelessHD transmits in the same 60 GHz band used by WiGig.


Channel Center (GHz) Min. (GHz) Max. (GHz) BW (GHz)
1 58.32 57.24 59.4 2.16
2 60.48 59.4 61.56
3 62.64 61.56 63.72
4 64.8 63.72 65.88
5 66.96 65.88 68.04
6 69.12 68.04 70.2

Regional spectrum allocations vary by region limiting the available number of channels in some regions. The US is the only region supporting all six channels. [30]

Single-carrier and Control-PHY data ratesEdit

Phy rate (Mbit/s) Sensitivity power
0 (Control-PHY) DSSS with 32 ​π2-BPSK chips per bit 1/2 27.5 −78 −6
1 π2-BPSK (with each bit repeated twice) 1/2 385 −68 −6
2 1/2 770 −66 −7
3 5/8 962.5 −65 −9
4 3/4 1155 −64 −10
5 13/16 1251.25 −62 −12
6 π2-QPSK 1/2 1540 −63 −11
7 5/8 1925 −62 −12
8 3/4 2310 −61 −13
9 13/16 2502.5 −59 −15
10 π2-16-QAM 1/2 3080 −55 −19
11 5/8 3850 −54 −20
12 3/4 4620 −53 −21

OFDM data ratesEdit

Phy rate
13 SQPSK 1/2 693 −66 −7
14 5/8 866.25 −64 −9
15 QPSK 1/2 1386 −63 −10
16 5/8 1732.5 −62 −11
17 3/4 2079 −60 −13
18 16-QAM 1/2 2772 −58 −15
19 5/8 3465 −56 −17
20 3/4 4158 −54 −19
21 13/16 4504.5 −53 −20
22 64-QAM 5/8 5197.5 −51 −22
23 3/4 6237 −49 −24
24 13/16 6756.75 −47 −26

Low-power single-carrier data ratesEdit

Phy rate
25 π2-BPSK 13/28 626 −64 −7
26 13/21 834 −60 −9
27 52/63 1112 −57 −10
28 π2-QPSK 13/28 1251 −12
29 13/21 1668 −12
30 52/63 2224 −13
31 13/14 2503 −15

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Wireless Gigabit Alliance Web Page". 
  2. ^ a b Stetson, Karl (March 5, 2013). "Wi-Fi Alliance® and Wireless Gigabit Alliance finalize unification" (Press release). Austin, TX: Edelman. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  3. ^ "IEEE 802.11ad: directional 60 GHz communication for multi-Gigabit-per-second Wi-Fi [Invited Paper]". December 11, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  4. ^ Higginbotham, Stacey (May 6, 2009). "WiGig Alliance to Push 6 Gbps Wireless in the Home". GigaOm. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  5. ^ Takahash, Dean (2009-05-06). "WiGig Alliance seeks to bring super-fast wireless video transfer to homes". VentureBeat. 
  6. ^ "WiGig Unites 60 GHz Wireless Development". Wi-Fi Net News. 
  7. ^ Higgins, Tim (2009-05-08). "Why WiGig?". Small Net Builder. 
  8. ^ Reardon, Marguerite (2009-05-07). "Tech giants back superfast WiGig standard". CNET. 
  9. ^ Murph, Darren (2009-12-10). "WiGig Alliance completes multi-gigabit 60 GHz wireless specification: let the streaming begin". Engadget. 
  10. ^ Merritt, Rick (2009-12-10). "WiGig group gives first peak at 60 Ghz spec". EE Times. 
  11. ^ Hachman, Mark (2009-12-10). "WiGig Alliance Finalizes Spec, Tri-Band Wi-Fi in 2010?". PC Mag. 
  12. ^ Takahashi, Dean (2009-12-10). "WiGig Alliance creates next-generation wireless networking standard". Venture Beat. 
  13. ^ Lawson, Stephen (2009-12-10). "WiGig Fast Wireless Group Finishes Standard". PC Mag. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "WiGig Alliance Announces Completion of its Multi-Gigabit Wireless Specification". Businesswire. 
  15. ^ "Wi-Fi Alliance and WiGig Alliance to Cooperate on Expansion of Wi-Fi Technologies". PR Newswire. 
  16. ^ "Is 802.11ad the Ultimate Cable Replacement?". Broadband Technology Report (BTR). 
  17. ^ "Millimeter Wave Propagation: Spectrum Management Implications" (PDF). FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION OFFICE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, Bulletin Number 70 July, 1997). 
  18. ^ Allegro DVT
  19. ^ Peraso Technologies, Inc.
  20. ^ Sivers IMA
  21. ^ Geuss, Megan (2012-01-11). "WiGig Alliance President Ali Sadri Talks about the Future of Connectivity". PCWorld. Retrieved 2014-04-16. 
  22. ^ IEEE Standard for Information technology--Telecommunications and information exchange between systems—Local and metropolitan area networks—Specific requirements-Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications Amendment 3: Enhancements for Very High Throughput in the 60 GHz Band. IEEE SA. December 24, 2012. doi:10.1109/IEEESTD.2012.6392842. 
  23. ^ "WiGig Alliance Specifications Page". WiGig Alliance. 
  24. ^ Robinson, Daniel (2011-06-28). "WiGig Alliance issues 1.1 update for next-generation wireless". 
  25. ^ Ngo, Dong (2010-05-11). "Wi-Fi Alliance to develop speedy 60 GHz band". CNET. 
  26. ^ Murph, Darren (2010-05-11). "Wi-Fi Alliance and WiGig sync up for 60 GHz WiFi". Engadget. 
  27. ^ Kelly, Gordon (2010-05-11). "WiGig Deals Bring Multi-Gigabit WiFi Ever Closer". TrustedReviews. 
  28. ^ "WiGig Alliance and VESA to Collaborate on Next Generation Wireless DisplayPort". 2010-11-03. 
  29. ^ Shankland, Stephen (2011-06-28). "60 GHz tech promises wireless docking, USB, HDMI". CNET. 
  30. ^ Wi-Fi CERTIFIED WiGig™: Wi-Fi® expands to 60 GHz , Wi-Fi Alliance, October 2016 wp_Wi-Fi_CERTIFIED_WiGig_20161024.pdf

External linksEdit