72nd Air Refueling Squadron
|72d Air Refueling Squadron
|Active||1943–1946; 1947–1953; 1953–1973; 1978-present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Size||8 KC-135R and approximately 50 Personnel|
|Part of||Air Force Reserve Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Grissom Joint Air Reserve Base|
|Nickname(s)||The Darkside|
|Colors||Blue and Gold|
|Engagements||Operation Overlord |
Operation Market Garden
Battle of the Bulge
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation|
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
French Croix de Guerre with Palm
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
|Lt Col Joe Austin|
|72d Air Refueling Squadron emblem (approved 1 February 1989)|
|72d Troop Carrier Squadron emblem (approved 26 February 1960)|
The 72d Air Refueling Squadron's primary mission is to provide Global Reach by force extending through air refueling operations for the United States Military and its allies. Additionally the unit is tasked with aeromedical evacuation support, airlift, and passenger transport.
Origins - World War IIEdit
The 72d Air Refueling Squadron originated as the 72d Troop Carrier Squadron on 3 January 1943. The squadron was activated on 9 February 1943 at Alliance Army Air Field, Nebraska assigned to the 434th Troop Carrier Group. In September 1943 equipped with Douglas C-47 Skytrains, the unit moved to Baer Field, Indiana at which today is the Fort Wayne International Airport. Shortly thereafter the squadron deployed to the European theatre in support of the Allied Forces in World War II. During its World War II tour in the European Theater of Operations, the squadron operated out of RAF Fulbeck, England, RAF Aldermaston and finally out of Mourmelon-le-Grand Airfield, France. It participated in airborne assaults on Normandy, the Netherlands, and Germany and the relief of Bastogne. It was credited with participation in the Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe campaigns. It earned the Distinguished Unit Citation and French Croix de Guerre with Palm for its participation in the airborne assault on Normandy, and later earned the French Fourragere. In addition to the C-47, the squadron also flew Airspeed Horsa gliders, as well as Waco CG-4 gliders during the war. After the war the 72d returned to Baer Field, in August 1945 and then back to Alliance Army Air Field in September 1945. In October 1945 the unit moved to George Field, Illinois, and finally in February 1946 it moved to Greenville Army Air Base, South Carp;oma where it was inactivated on 31 July 1946.
On 1 August 1947 the unit was reactivated as the 72d Troop Carrier Squadron in the reserves at Baer Field. It was assigned to the 434th Troop Carrier Group, equipped with C-47s.
Korean War - 1973Edit
In July 1949 the squadron and group moved to Atterbury Air Force Base, Indiana, which today is the Columbus Indiana Municipal Airport, where they transitioned to the Curtiss C-46 Commando. Starting in May 1951 as part of the Korean mobilization the unit served under Tactical Air Command's Eighteenth Air Force for the next 21 months where it supported Army paratroop training in Georgia. In addition the 72d participated in Exercises Southern Pine and Long Horn, as well as conducting routine airlift and troop carrier missions for Tactical Air Command. The squadron returned to Atterbury in February 1953. By 1957 Atterbury had been renamed Bakalar Air Force Base, and in the same year the 72d converted to Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcars In 1962 as a result of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the squadron served for 32 days supporting the deployment of Air Force strategic and tactical resources to the Southeast corner of the country and their redeployment there from.
In July 1969, wing, group, and squadron were redesignated as tactical air support units and were reequipped with Cessna U-3As and Cessna O-2A Skymasters. On 31 December 1969, in connection with the closing of Bakalar, the 434th Wing was inactivated and the 931st Tactical Air Support Group and its squadron moved to Grissom Air Force Base, IN. First reassigned to the 403d Composite Wing on 1 June 1970 and then on 15 January 1971 to the 434th Special Operations Wing, concurrently activated and collocated with group and squadron at Grissom. On 1 March 1971, group and squadron converted to Cessna A-37 Dragonflys and were redesignated as special operations units. On 15 September 1973, the 434th Wing was redesignated as a tactical fighter wing. On 1 October 1973, the 72d Special Operations Squadron was inactivated in favor of the 46th Tactical Fighter Squadron because at the time another 72d Tactical Fighter Squadron existed.
Air Force Reserve - Desert StormEdit
On 18 May 1977 the squadron was redesignated as the 72d Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy, and was assigned to the Air Force Reserve. HQ Air Force Reserve activated the 72d Air Refueling Squadron on 1 July 1978. In July 1987 the 434th Tactical Fighter Wing was redesignated as the 434th Air Refueling Wing of which the 72d was a part. In 1990 the 72d as part of the 434th were recalled to active duty for the Gulf War and helped to form one of the largest tanker task forces ever assembled operating out of western Saudi Arabia. The 72d and its partners flew more than 7,000 refueling missions, offloading fuel to more than 25,000 coalition aircraft. In June 1992, the 434th Air Refueling Wing with its Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers and the 930th Fighter Group with its Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt IIs merged to form a composite wing to include the 72d and was designated the 434th Wing. In 1994 the A-10 squadron under the 434th inactivated and the 434th Wing reorganized as the 434th Air Refueling Wing once again.
Kosovo - PresentEdit
During the 1990s the 72d deployed personnel and aircraft numerous times to support "No Fly" operations in the Balkans, as well as Operations Northern and Southern Watch over Iraq. In May 1999, the 72d and the 434th were activated to provide aerial refueling support to Operation Allied Force deployed out of Rhein Mein AB in Germany as part of the war in Kosovo. In September 2001, just days after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 the 72d was activated for a year in support of the Global War on Terror. The squadron initially deployed to the Pacific theatre to help provide a western air bridge in preparation for the war in Afghanistan. Later during that year, the 72d was deployed to a classified Southwest Asian location flying air refueling missions over Afghanistan and the Persian Gulf in support of the war. The unit's activation ended in late summer of 2002, but 6 months later in Feb of 2003 the 72d was again activated for a six-month stint in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Most of the unit staged out of Moron AB, Spain, with a smaller elements staging out of RAF Akrotiri, Cyprus and Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. Although the unit's second activation supporting the Global War on Terror ended in late 2003, the 72d continues to provide worldwide air refueling and air mobility support by flying missions for Operations Noble Eagle, Enduring Freedom, and Iraqi Freedom.
- Constituted as the 72d Troop Carrier Squadron on 30 January 1943
- Activated on 9 February 1943
- Inactivated on 31 July 1946
- Activated in the reserve on 1 August 1947
- Redesignated 72d Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 1 July 1949
- Ordered to active service on 1 May 1951
- Inactivated on 1 Feb 1953
- Activated in the reserve on 1 February 1953
- Ordered to active service on 28 October 1962
- Relieved from active service on 28 November 1962
- Redesignated 72d Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 July 1967
- Redesignated 72d Tactical Air Support Squadron on 25 June 1969
- Redesignated 72d Special Operations Squadron on 1 March 1971
- Inactivated on 1 October 1973
- Redesignated 72d Air Refueling Squadron,,,, Heavy on 18 May 1977
- Activated in the reserve on 1 July 1978
- Redesignated 72d Air Refueling Squadron on 1 Feb 1992
- 434th Troop Carrier Group, 9 February 1943 – 31 July 1946
- 434th Troop Carrier Group, 1 Auguast 1947 – 1 February 1953
- 434th Troop Carrier Group, 1 February 1953
- 434th Troop Carrier Wing, 14 April 1959
- 931st Troop Carrier Group (later 931st Tactical Airlift Group 931st Tactical Air Support Group 931st Special Operations Group), 11 February 1963 – 1 October 1973
- 931st Air Refueling Group, 1 July 1978
- 434th Air Refueling Wing, 1 July 1987
- 434th Operations Group, 1 August 1992 – present
- Endicott, Judy G. (20 December 2007). "Factsheet 72 Air Refueling Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
- Station number in Anderson.
- Station number in Johnson.
- Station information in Endicott, except as noted.
- Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL yes: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. Retrieved 17 December 2016.