60th Fighter Squadron
|60th Fighter Squadron|
Five 60th Fighter Squadron F-15Cs, soar over the Alaska mountains while deployed to participate in Red Flag Alaska 07-1
|Active||1941–1945; 1946–1971; 1971–2009|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Combat Command|
|Daniel James, Jr.|
|60th Fighter Squadron emblem (approved c. September 1986)|
|60th Fighter Squadron emblem (approved 15 March 1942)|
World War IIEdit
Activated in 1940 at Mitchel Field, New York as the 60th Pursuit Squadron, the unit was attached to the 33d Pursuit Group on 15 January 1941. Redesignated as the 60th Fighter Squadron "Fighting Crows" on 15 May 1942, the unit was responsible for the continual mission of air defense of the United States until October 1942. In late 1942, the 60th joined the United States' effort in World War II by participating in combat operations in the Mediterranean Theater and the China-Burma-India Theater. As a result of superior performance in central Tunisia, the 60th earned the Distinguished Unit Citation for combat operations on 15 January 1944. Following its service in World War II, the 60th was assigned to the 33d Fighter Group at Neubiberg Air Base, Germany in August 1946 and flew the North American P-51 Mustang.
Air Defense CommandEdit
In 1947, the 60th transferred to Roswell Army Air Field, New Mexico and soon afterward, in June 1948, converted to the Republic F-84 Thunderjet. In November 1948, the 60th transferred to Otis Air Force Base, Massachusetts and by June of the following year had completed a conversion to the new North American F-86 Sabre. On 9 August 1950, the 60th moved to Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts and on 1 January 1951 became part of the Air Defense Command. From 1952-1959, the 60th, flying the F-86 Sabre and the Lockheed F-94 Starfire, was assigned to various organizations including the 4707th Defense Wing, 4735th Air Defense Group and the Boston Air Defense Sector.
On 5 January 1959, the 60th was the first Air Defense Command squadron to receive the new McDonnell F-101B Voodoo interceptor. The unit was additionally tasked as part of the joint test force (teamed with members at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida) to test the F-101's operational capabilities prior to its entrance into active service. The F-101B proved to be a quite successful interceptor. assigned alongside the F-101B interceptor was the F-101F operational and conversion trainer. The two-seat trainer version was equipped with dual controls, but carried the same armament as the F-101B and were fully combat-capable.
During the 1960s, the 60th participated in various tests, exercises, and operations in the Air Defense Command. In October and November 1962, the unit was placed on alert during the Cuban Missile Crisis,and several planes with weapons and support crews were deployed to support potential combat needs. Planes remaining at Otis continued to perform the Air Defense Command continental air defense mission. Although it has been stated that F-101B Voodoos from the 60th were used in the production of the 1966 comedy The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, the film, although set in New England, was actually shot on the West Coast for financial reasons and the fighters were from the 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, based at Hamilton Air Force Base, California. The 60th inactivated on 30 April 1971.
Tactical Air CommandEdit
In September 1971, the squadron was reactivated at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida as the 60th Tactical Fighter Squadron of the 33d Tactical Fighter Wing, flying the McDonnell F-4E Phantom II until transitioning to the McDonnell Douglas F-15A Eagle in the late 1970s. In 1979, the unit participated in the "Kadena Ready Eagle" program in which the members of the 60th trained new F-15 pilots stationed at Kadena Air Base, Japan.
The 60th made its first combat deployment since World War II when it sent ten F-15s to Grenada in support of Operation Urgent Fury, the rescue of American medical students held in Grenada in the mid-1980s. The unit continued to train and until it was called upon to fly support missions for Operation Just Cause (the removal of Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega from Panama in the early 1990s).
Air Combat CommandEdit
The 60th Fighter Squadron flew the F-15 Eagle and supported the various combatant commanders by providing air superiority on call. It flew its last F-15 mission on 5 December 2008. The squadron was inactivated on 1 January 2009.
- Constituted as the 60th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
- Activated on 15 January 1941
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine on 8 February 1945
- Inactivated on 8 December 1945
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 17 July 1946
- Activated on 20 August 1946
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron, Jet on 14 June 1948
- Redesignated 60th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 January 1950
- Inactivated on 30 April 1971
- Redesignated 60th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 18 May 1971
- Activated on 1 September 1971
- Redesignated 60th Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991
- Inactivated on 1 January 2009
- 33d Pursuit Group (later 33d Fighter Group), 15 January 1941 – 8 December 1945
- 33d Fighter Group (later 33d Fighter-Interceptor Group), 20 August 1946
- 4707th Defense Wing (later 4707th Air Defense Wing), 6 February 1952
- 33d Fighter Group, 18 August 1955
- 4735th Air Defense Group, 18 August 1957
- Boston Air Defense Sector, 1 August 1959
- 35th Air Division, 1 April 1966
- 21st Air Division, 19 November 1969 – 30 April 1971
- 33d Tactical Fighter Wing (later 33d Fighter) Wing), 1 September 1971
- 33d Operations Group, 1 December 1991 – 1 January 2009
- "60 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 7 March 2008. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- Endicott, p. 611
- Mauer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 235-236
- "60th Fighter Squadron". 33rd Fighter Wing. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Overview for The Russians are Coming, the Russians are coming". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: 1 January 2009
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor. Aerospace Defense Command. Vol. 21 (No. 1): 5–11, 26–31, 40–45, 54–59. January 1979.