23rd Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

The 23rd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army and Soviet Army, formed three times.

23rd Rifle Division
ActiveI Formation: 1922–1943

II Formation: 1943–1945

III Formation: 1955–1957
CountrySoviet Union
AllegianceRed Army
EngagementsWorld War II
DecorationsOrder of Lenin Order of Lenin (1st formation)

Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner (1st and 2nd formations)
Order of Suvorov 2nd Class Order of Suvorov (2nd formation)

Order of Kutuzov 2nd Class Order of Kutuzov (2nd formation)
Battle honoursKiev (2nd formation)
Zhitomir (2nd formation)
Mikhail Fedorovich Lukin

Ivan Sivakov
Alexander Ignatievich Korolev
Sergey Andryushchenko
Ivan Basteyev

Alexander Seregin

It was formed in July 1922, inheriting the Order of the Red Banner from the predecessor Zavolzhskaya Rifle Brigade. On 23 May 1932 the division was awarded the Order of Lenin for helping to construct the Kharkov Tractor Factory. On 1 March 1943 it became the 71st Guards Rifle Division[1] for its actions in the Battle of Stalingrad.[2]

The division was reformed on 2 May 1943 on the bаsе of the 7th Rifle and 76th Naval Infantry Brigades in the Steppe Military District. The division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of Suvorov 2nd class, and the Order of Kutuzov 2nd class for its actions. The division also received the honorifics "Kiev" and "Zhitomir".[3] The division was disbanded "in place" by Stavka Directive No. 11095 of 29 May 1945, creating the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany.[4]

It was reformed in 1955 by redesignation of the 198th Rifle Division at Biysk.[5] On 25 June 1957 the 95th Motor Rifle Division was formed in Biysk, Altay Kray, Siberian Military District, from the 23rd Rifle Division. It was disbanded on 1 March 1959.[6]


  1. ^ "71-я Краснознаменная Витебская гвардейская стрелковая дивизия" [71st Guards Vitebsk Red Banner Division]. rkka.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  2. ^ "23-я стрелковая дивизия" [23rd Rifle Division]. samsv.narod.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  3. ^ "23-я Киевско-Житомирская Краснознаменная стрелковая дивизия" [23rd Kiev-Zhitomir Red Banner Rifle Division]. rkka.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  4. ^ Stavka Order No. 11095
  5. ^ V.I. Feskov et al 2013, Table 4.1.5, 150.
  6. ^ Michael Holm, 95th Motor Rifle Division (I)


  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.
  • Robert G. Poirier and Albert Z. Conner, The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, Novato: Presidio Press, 1985. ISBN 0-89141-237-9.