2020 coronavirus pandemic in Kuwait

The first confirmed case of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Kuwait was announced on 24 February 2020.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Kuwait
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationKuwait
First outbreakChina
Index caseKuwait City
Arrival date24 February 2020
Confirmed cases855[1]
Suspected cases847[1]
Recovered111
Deaths
1
Total ILI cases456
Official website
https://corona.e.gov.kw/
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4]

TimelineEdit

February 2020Edit

On 24 February, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced that there were 3 cases detected coming from Iran that carry coronavirus disease 2019. The first person was a Kuwaiti national, 53 years old, while the second was a Saudi national, 61 years old, and the third was a person from the stateless community.[7] Later, 2 cases were announced in that same day.[8] At the end of 24 February, there were 5 confirmed cases in Kuwait.

On 25 February, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced that there were 4 new cases coming from Iran with coronavirus disease 2019.[9] At the end of 25 February, there were 9 confirmed cases in Kuwait.

On 26 February, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced that 16 news cases have been reported with the novel coronavirus, associated with travel to Iran.[10] At the end of 26 February, there were 25 confirmed cases in Kuwait.

On 27 February, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced new 18 cases associated with travel to Iran.[11] At the end of 27 February, there were 43 confirmed cases in Kuwait.

On 28 February, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced new 2 cases associated with travel to Iran.[12] At the end of 28 February, there were 45 confirmed cases in Kuwait.

On 29 February, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced that there were no new cases. At the end of February, there were 45 confirmed cases in Kuwait.

March 2020Edit

On 11 March, Kuwaiti Directorate General of Civil Aviation has suspended all travel, except cargo flights, to and from Kuwait starting from 13 March, effectively locking down the nation until further notice.[citation needed]

On 12 March, Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced 8 new cases, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 80.

On 13 March, the Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced 20 new cases, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 100. The Public Authority Of Agriculture Affairs And Fish Resources closed public parks, and the ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs announced just before noon prayers that Muslims do not need to attend Friday prayers during a pandemic.[13][14]

On 15 March, the ministry of health announced 11 new cases for a total of 123.[15]

On 18 March, the Ministry of Health announced 6 new cases for a total of 148. More than 14,000 swipe tests had been conducted by this point.[16]

On 21 March, the Ministry of Health announced 17 new cases for a total for 176.[17]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April, the Ministry of Health announced 28 new cases for a total of 317.

On 2 April, the Ministry of Health announced 25 new cases for a total of 342.

On 3 April, the Ministry of Health announced 75 new cases for a total of 417.

On 4 April, an Indian National, 46 year old died from the virus. The country reported its first death from the virus.[18]

The ministry of Health announced 62 new cases for a total of 455.

On 5 April, the Ministry of Health announced 77 new cases for a total of 556.

On 6 April, the Ministry of Health announced 109 new cases for a total of 665 and a recovery of 4.

On 7 April, the Ministry of Health announced 78 new cases for a total of 743 and a recovery of 2.

On 8 April, the Ministry of Health announced 112 new cases for a total of 855 and a recovery of 6.

ResponseEdit

All commercial flights were suspended effective March 13, with an exception for cargo flights. A public holiday was declared for March 12 to March 26, with work to resume on March 29. Some shops were closed, and restrictions were placed on restaurants.[19] Authorities asked people to stay home for Friday prayers, saying "The doors of the mosques will stay closed" and citing a fatwa allowing people not to attend prayers in mosques.[20] Classes were suspended from March 1 to March 12, which was extended to March 29,[19] and later to August 4.[21]

Visas were partially suspended, and quarantines required for all arrivals from certain high-risk countries. Arrivals at Kuwait International Airport from other countries were required to self-quarantine for 14 days.[19] The borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia were closed.[22]

Food exports were banned, and Trade Minister Khalid Al Roudan reassured people that the country had enough food and shipping was continuing.[22]

On March 15, Interior Minister Anas Al-Saleh told people to follow the measures imposed by the government and stop going out unnecessarily. He warned that curfews or deportations could be used if people failed to comply.[15]

ImpactsEdit

Academic Studies:

The suspension of the schools was needed to avoid spread of the coronavirus in children, teenagers and younger people (Kindergarten up to university level).

The high school graduates (Grade 12 seniors) were the most effected by the suspension, since graduation is usually in May–June yearly. However, the academic year will be resumed in August 2020, which means their graduation will be delayed.

Furthermore, getting a sponsored scholarships to study in universities, will also be delayed due to the same reasons.

Economics:

The strategic planning and surplus for food and supplies is for six months. All supermarkets and grocery stores have all usual products as before the border closure or the imposed partial curfew.

However, the small businesses are the most effected since they are losing a lot of money, and yet, have to pay rent / salaries to their workers. The government have promised packages and solutions to ensure these businesses are compensated for these unfortunate circumstances with the partial lockdown / forced closures.

People:

The measures made by the Kuwaiti government are world class. All the Kuwaities and non-Kuwaities are appreciative of the efforts that was put in place to ensure the control of the coronavirus. However, there is a sense of rush in buying supplies in non curfew hours (6 Am to 5 PM), even though the Kuwaiti government have reiterated that goods and supplies are for six months.

The partial lockdown, staying at home and social distancing has caused boredom for the majority, as cinemas, malls, department stores entertainment venues/ places ....etc., are shut and closed. Normal things like exercising in the gym, or eating outside people homes, suddenly unacceptable, shut and closed due to the coronavirus.

The full physiological effects for the partial lockdown and curfew are yet to be determined.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "COVID 19 Updates". e-govkw.
  2. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Kuwaiti health ministry of health confirms first 3 COVID-19 cases". 24 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Kuwaiti health ministry of health confirms 2 more COVID-19 cases". 24 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Kuwaiti health ministry of health confirms 4 more COVID-19 cases". 25 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Kuwaiti health ministry of health confirms 16 more COVID-19 cases". 26 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Kuwaiti health ministry of health confirms 19 more COVID-19 cases". 27 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Kuwaiti health ministry of health confirms 2 more COVID-19 cases". 29 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Prayers restricted across Middle East amid coronavirus fears". Al-Jazeera. 13 March 2020.
  14. ^ Etheridge, Jamie (13 March 2020). "Kuwait extends lockdown by closing mosques, parks; no curfew as cases surge to 100". Kuwait Times. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Interior minister warns of curfew, expat deportation". news.kuwaittimes.net. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Six new coronavirus cases in Kuwait, total infections at 148". news.kuwaittimes.net. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Kuwait: 17 new coronavirus cases, total at 176". 21 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Kuwait reports first death from coronavirus outbreak: state news agency". Reuters. 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  19. ^ a b c "Coronavirus in Kuwait: What we know so far". news.kuwaittimes.net. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Gulf States Cancel Events, Kuwait Shuts Mosques Over Coronavirus". Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Kuwait closes schools till August". news.kuwaittimes.net. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Kuwait Gears Up for Coronavirus Lockdown, Minister Urges Calm". The New York Times. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.

External linksEdit