2020 coronavirus pandemic in Burkina Faso

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Burkina Faso in March 9, 2020. The death of Rose Marie Compaoré, a member of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso, on March 18, 2020, marked the first recorded COVID-19 fatality in Sub-Saharan Africa.[2][3]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Burkina Faso
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationBurkina Faso
First outbreakWuhan, China
Index caseOuagadougou
Arrival date9 March 2020
(4 weeks and 2 days)
Confirmed cases384[1]
Recovered127[1]
Deaths
19[1]

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[6][7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Burkina Faso  ()
     Deaths        Active cases and recoveries
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-09
2(n.a.)
2(=)
2020-03-13
3(+50%)
3(=)
2020-03-15
7(+133%)
7(=)
2020-03-17
20(+186%)
2020-03-18
27(+35%) 1(+)
2020-03-19
33(+22%) 1(=)
2020-03-20
40(+21%) 1(=)
2020-03-21
64(+60%) 3(+2)
2020-03-22
75(+17%) 5(+2)
2020-03-23
100(+32%) 5(=)
2020-03-24
114(+14%) 5(=)
2020-03-25
146(+28%) 5(=)
2020-03-26
152(+3%) 5(=)
2020-03-27
180(+18%) 9(+4)
2020-03-28
207(+15%) 11(+2)
2020-03-29
222(+7%) 12(+1)
2020-03-30
246(+11%) 12(=)
2020-03-31
261(+6%) 14(+2)
261(=)
2020-04-02
288(+10%) 16(+2)
2020-04-03
302(+4%) 16(=)
2020-04-04
318(+5%) 16(=)
2020-04-05
345(+8%) 17(+1)
2020-04-06
364(+5.5%) 18(+1)
Sources: [9][10][11][12][13]

On 9 March 2020, the first two cases in the country were reported in Burkina Faso.[14]

On 13 March, the third case was also confirmed, is a person who has had direct contact with the first two cases.[15]

On 14 March, 7 cases confirmed in the country. Five of the new confirmed cases have had direct contact with the first two cases. One is an English national currently working in a gold mine in the Burkina Faso and who went to vacation in Liverpool, returning on 10 March, with transits through Vancouver and Paris.[16]

On 15 March, 8 new cases were confirmed according to a statement from the Ministry of Health, bringing the total number of cases to 15.[17]

On 17 March, 20 total cases were confirmed.[18]

On 18 March the first fatality was confirmed, a 62-year-old woman with a preexisting diabetic condition.[19]

On 18 March, 27 total cases were confirmed.[20]

On 19 March, 33 total cases were confirmed by the Burkina Faso Ministry of Health.[21]

On 20 March, 40 total cases were confirmed. Burkina Faso's education minister said he has tested positive for the coronavirus.[22]

On 21 March, 64 total cases and 3 deaths were confirmed. Minister of Mines and Quarries, Oumarou Idani, tested positive for COVID-19 after returning from a conference in Toronto, Canada. President Roch Marc Christian Kabore on 20 March closed airports, land borders and imposed a nationwide curfew to curb the spread of the pandemic.[23]

On 22 March, 75 total confirmed cases. Four key government ministers are confirmed to be infected,[24] these ministers are: Alpha Barry, Minister of Foreign Affairs; Oumarou Idani, Minister of Mines and Quarries; Stanislas Ouaro, Minister of Education; and Simeon Sawadogo, Minister of Interior.[25] Five cases, including the original couple, have recovered.[26] The U.S. Ambassador to Burkina Faso, Andrew Robert Young, tested positive. Five deaths have been confirmed.[27]

On 23 March, the Burkina Faso Ministry of Health confirmed 100 cases of COVID-19 in Burkina Faso. The U.S. Embassy has begun to repatriate citizens to the United States.[28] Harouna Kaboré, the Minister of Trade, tested positive for coronavirus.[29][30]

On March 24, the Burkina Faso Ministry of Health confirmed 114 cases of COVID-19 in Burkina Faso, 89 in Ouagadougou, 4 in Bobo-Dioulasso, 2 in Dedougou, 2 in Boromo, and 1 in Houndé.[31]

On March 30, with 12 deaths, Burkina Faso has the most fatalities in sub-Saharan Africa. Burkina Faso has just one hospital currently configured to receive coronavirus patients, and it only has a handful of ventilators. At least six government ministers have since tested positive for the virus, as have two foreign ambassadors, from Italy and the United States. A single testing laboratory in Bobo-Dioulasso – a five-hour drive from the capital of Ouagdougou – means suspected cases all over the country have to wait at least 12 hours for results. The government said it wants to establish a second laboratory in Ouagadougou but has no one qualified to set up the equipment in the country. With borders sealed, the process of bringing in an outsider is being delayed.[32]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Ministère de la Santé - Burkina Faso". Facebook (in French). 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  2. ^ Asiedu, Kwasi Gyamfi (22 March 2020). "Four government ministers have contracted coronavirus in Burkina Faso and it's spreading rapidly". Quartz Africa. Archived from the original on 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Burkina Faso reports Sub-Saharan Africa's first coronavirus death as WHO warns 'prepare for worst'". France 24. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 30 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  4. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  8. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  9. ^ Maclean, Ruth (17 March 2020). "Africa Braces for Coronavirus, but Slowly". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Burkina Faso's records first COVID-19 death in sub-Saharan Africa". Africanews. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Burkina Faso minister tests positive for coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Burkina Faso Mines Minister Tests Positive for Coronavirus". Bloomberg.com. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  13. ^ "COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic". worldometers.info. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Burkina Faso Confirms First Cases of Coronavirus". 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus: un troisième cas confirmé au Burkina Faso". VOA (in French). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  16. ^ B24, Rédaction (14 March 2020). "Coronavirus (COVID-19) : 7 cas confirmés au Burkina". L'Actualité du Burkina Faso 24h/24 (in French). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Coronavirus au Burkina : Le compteur passe à 15 cas confirmés - leFaso.net, l'actualité au Burkina Faso". lefaso.net (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  18. ^ Maclean, Ruth (17 March 2020). "Africa Braces for Coronavirus, but Slowly". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Burkina Faso's records first COVID-19 death in sub-Saharan Africa". Africanews. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Burkina Faso reports Sub-Saharan Africa's first coronavirus death as WHO warns 'prepare for worst'". France 24. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  21. ^ "COVID-19 Information". U.S. Embassy in Burkina Faso. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Burkina Faso minister tests positive for coronavirus". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Burkina Faso Mines Minister Tests Positive for Coronavirus". Bloomberg.com. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  24. ^ Asiedu, Kwasi Gyamfi. "Four government ministers have contracted coronavirus in Burkina Faso and it's spreading rapidly". Quartz Africa. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Four Burkina Faso ministers have coronavirus as cases rise to 64". Reuters. 22 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Four ministers infected as Burkina Faso reports new virus deaths". thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  27. ^ "US envoy to Burkina Faso tests positive for COVID-19". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Health Alert: U.S. Embassy Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso". U.S. Embassy in Burkina Faso. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  29. ^ "COVID-19 : Le ministre du commerce, Harouna Kaboré, testé positif" (in French). lefaso.net. 23 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Coronavirus: 5th minister, US ambassador Andrew Young test positive". P.M. News. 24 March 2020.
  31. ^ Boureima (24 March 2020). "Coronavirus au Burkina: 114 cas, quatre décès et sept guerris". Wakat Séra (in French). Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Coronavirus in crisis-hit Burkina Faso". The New Humanitarian. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.