2009 Southeast Asian Games

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games (Lao: ກີລາພູມິພາກອາຊີຕາເວັນອອກສຽງໃຕ້ 2009, translit. Kila phoumipak asi taven oak siang tai 2009), officially known as the 25th Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event hosted by Vientiane, Laos. This was the first time Laos had held the Southeast Asian Games as Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games, citing financial difficulties. This was also the first time the Southeast Asian Games was held in a landlocked country.

XXV Southeast Asian Games
2009 Southeast Asian Games logo.svg
Host cityVientiane, Laos
MottoGenerosity, Amity and Healthy Lifestyle
(Lao: ຄວາມມີນ້ຳໃຈ ໄມຕີຈິດ ຊີວິດສົດຊື່ນ)
Nations participating11
Athletes participating3100
Events372 in 25 sports
Opening ceremony9 December
Closing ceremony18 December
Officially opened byChoummaly Sayasone
President of Laos
Athlete's OathMayuly Phanouvong
Judge's OathSomphone Manikham
Torch lighterPhoxay Aphailath
Main venueNew Laos National Stadium
Website2009 Southeast Asian Games

The games commemorated 50 years of SEA Games and the main schedule was formally held from 9 to 18 December 2009, with several events had commenced from 2 December 2009. Around 3,100 athletes participated at the event, which featured 372 events in 25 sports. Laos is the ninth nation to host the games after Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Brunei and Vietnam. It was opened by Choummaly Sayasone, the President of Laos at the New Laos National Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by Vietnam and Indonesia with host Laos in seventh place. Several Games and national records were broken during the games.

Host cityEdit

During the Southeast Asian Games Federation meeting at the 2003 Southeast Asian Games in Vietnam, Vientiane, the capital city of Laos was chosen as the host of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games.[1]

Development and preparationEdit

The Laos 25th SEA Games Organising Committee (LAOSOC) led by president Somsavath Lengsavath was formed to oversee the staging of the games.[2]

BrandingEdit

 
Champa and Champi, the official mascots of the games.

The logo of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games is the image of the Pha That Luang, the national landmark and shrine of Laos beside the Mekong River. The shrine represents Laos as the host of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games and the Lao Culture, Arts and History, whereas the Mekong River, resembled by three wavy lines below the shrine, represents the origin of life, culture and lifestyle of Lao community especially in sports. The river itself also represents the integration of the Southeast Asian countries and the friendship made through sport events.[3]

The mascots of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games are two white elephants dressed in traditional Lao attire named Champa and Champi. Champa is the male elephant and Champi is the female elephant. The elephants symbolises the host nation, Laos as it was known as the kingdom of Lan Xang in ancient times, which literally means "the kingdom of a million elephants". The cheerful expression on the faces of the mascots represents the joyful and lively atmosphere during the games and warm welcome from Laos as the host country of the 25th SEA Games.[4][5]

33 songs were written for the games,[6] which included The Spirit of the Flame, the theme song of the games which was written and performed by Sam Intharaphithak.[7] Other songs included "Go Laos" which was sung by Sam Intharaphithak, Nalin Daravong, and Kave, "SEA Games Harmony" which was sung by Sithiphone, Sam Intharaphithak, Gai, Malya and Poui[8] and "Vientiane Games" which was sung by Buratino.[9] A Beerlao Campaign song for the games was also composed.[10][11]

CountdownEdit

The countdown to the 25th SEA Games was held at the Chao Anouvong stadium on 31 December 2008, featured programmes such as the New Year celebrations, a show from Miss SEA Games contestants, performances by various artists, and a fireworks display. A countdown clock was also placed at a nearby shopping mall and the Patuxay Monument in Vientiane.[12][13]

VenuesEdit

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games used mostly new and some existing venues with the centrepiece of the activities being the new National Sport Complex. Incorporating the new 25,000-seat national stadium, it hosted most of the events. Athletes were housed at the National University of Laos, which was chosen as the games village.[14]

The 25th Southeast Asian Games had 27 venues for the games, all in Vientiane.[15]

Competition Venue Sports
New National Sport Complex
New Laos National Stadium Opening and closing ceremony, Athletics, Football (Men)
Aquatics stadium Aquatics (Swimming, Diving, Water polo), Finswimming
Archery range Archery
Gymnasium 1 Badminton
Beach Volleyball Stadium Volleyball (Beach)
Gymnasium 2 Volleyball (Indoor)
Shooting range Shooting
Tennis court Tennis
National University of Laos
University Stadium Football (Women)
Olympasia Gymnasium Boxing
Convention hall Table tennis
Booyong Gymnasium Taekwondo, Wrestling
Petanque court Petanque
Lao international Trade Exhibition and Convention Center
Hall 1 Sepak takraw
Hall 2 Wushu
Hall 3 Pencak silat
Beung Kha Nong Sports Centre
Lao-Thai Gymnasium Muay
Gymnasium 1 Shuttlecock
Others
That Luang, Lan Xang Avenue, Samsenethai, Thadeua km10, T4, Kaysone Road Cycling (Individual time trial)
Done Noune Tri Square, Ban Keun, return (Men: Thalath Market, Women: Pakkhanhoung) Cycling (Mass start)
Dane Song Cycling (Mountain bike: Downhill)
Tad Sone Cycling (Mountain bike: Cross country)
Don Chan Palace Hotel Billiards and snooker
Chao Anouvong Stadium Football (Men and Women)
Chao Anouvong Gymnasium Judo, Karate
SEA Games Golf Course Golf
Pornsawan School Weightlifting

Public transportEdit

Lao Association of Travel Agents provided bus services during the Games to fetch volunteers between the city and outlying venues and transport athletes and performers to and from the games village, airport, the city, the games venues and within Laos. Car services were also available in the city throughout the games period.[16]

The gamesEdit

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening ceremony of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games was held on 9 December 2009 at 18:10 (LST) at the New Laos National Stadium. The ceremony preceded with the arrival of the then President Choummaly Sayasone and several guests of honour to the stadium. This was followed by announcement of the ceremony commencement by announcers, the scoreboard countdown and the parade of athletes from the participating nations led by Lao Police Force band and flag bearers carrying the flags of the games and the flags of the participating nations began with the Bruneian delegation. The Lao delegation, the largest of all participating nations with 733 athletes and officials, received the warmest welcome from the audiences when they marched into the stadium.[17][1] After all the contingent marched into the stadium, the National Flag of Laos and the games' flags were raised as the National Anthem of Laos is played. After that, Somsavat Lengsavad, the Standing Deputy Prime Minister of Laos and the chairman of the 25th Southeast Asian Games Organizing Committee gave the welcome speech and president Choummaly then declared the games opened. Mayuly Phanouvong took the athlete's oath, while the judge's oath was taken by Somphone Manikham. Later, a group of athletes passes the flame during the torch relay one after another before Phoxay Aphailath, lit the flame on an arrow carried by a man dressed as Sang Sinxay. The man who dressed as Sang Sinxay then aim the arrow lit by the flame from Phoxay with his bow carried with him at the cauldron, shoot and lit it instantly, symbolised the beginning of the games. After the cauldron was lit, the athletes took part at the parade earlier were escorted out of the stadium by the Lao Police Force, making way for the dance performance which concluded the ceremony. The dance performance includes segments such as Welcome dance for SEA Games, Forest, streams and life, Sinxay of Modern Times, Bright Future, In Harmony towards the future, Golden rice field and the light of righteousness.

Closing ceremonyEdit

The closing ceremony of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games was held on 18 December 2009 at 18:10 (LST) at the New Laos National Stadium. The ceremony preceded with the arrival of the then Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh and several guests of honour to the stadium. It began with the parade of athletes by order of sports competed, followed by the closing speech of the games chairman, Songsavad Lengsavad, the lowering of the flag of Laos and the games flag and the extinguish of the games cauldron. The hosting rights of the SEA Games was then handed over to Indonesia, host of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games in which Andy Mallarangeng, the Minister of Youth and sports of Indonesia receiving the flag as its symbol. The Indonesia segment dance performance Gather together again, was performed by Indonesian dancers. The ceremony concluded with the Lao farewell segment dance performance which included Paddy Trash, Lao New Year, Rocket Festival and boat racing festival.[18][19]

Participating nationsEdit

SportsEdit

Because of the limited sports facilities in Vientiane and Laos' lack of a coastline, only 25 sports featured in the programme, compared to 43 held in the 2007 Southeast Asian Games in Thailand. Among the Olympic sports removed from the Games were baseball, canoeing, sailing, gymnastics, hockey, rowing, fencing, triathlon, equestrian, softball, and basketball.[20][21][22][23]

Key
¹ – non-Olympic sports
ʰ – sports absent from previous edition and reintroduced by the host country

CalendarEdit

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
December 2
Wed
3
Thu
4
Fri
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
  Archery 4 4 8
  Athletics 9 10 6 8 12 45
  Badminton 2 5 7
  Billiards and snooker 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 10
  Boxing 5 10 15
  Cycling 2 2 2 2 8
  Diving 2 2 2 2 8
  Finswimming 5 6 5 16
 Football 1 1 2
  Golf 4 4
  Judo 4 7 7 18
  Karate 4 7 6 17
  Muay 6 7 13
  Pencak silat 4 6 7 17
  Pétanque 2 2 3 2 2 11
  Sepak takraw 2 2 2 2 8
  Shooting 6 6 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 34
  Shuttlecock 2 3 2 7
  Swimming 7 6 7 6 6 32
  Table tennis 2 1 2 2 7
  Taekwondo 5 6 6 4 21
  Tennis 2 2 3 7
  Volleyball 1 3 4
  Water polo 1 1
  Weightlifting 3 3 3 4 13
  Wrestling 7 4 7 18
  Wushu 4 2 4 11 21
Daily medal events 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 7 31 35 34 38 43 47 53 74 9 372
Cumulative total 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 8 39 74 108 146 189 236 289 363 372
December 2
Wed
3
Thu
4
Fri
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
Total
events

Medal tableEdit

A total of 1246 medals, comprising 372 gold medals, 374 silver medals, and 500 bronze medals were awarded to athletes. The Host Laos performance was its best ever yet in Southeast Asian Games history and was placed seventh overall amongst participating nations.[24][25]

  *   Host nation (Laos)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Thailand868397266
2  Vietnam837557215
3  Indonesia435374170
4  Malaysia404059139
5  Philippines383551124
6  Singapore33303598
7  Laos*332552110
8  Myanmar12223771
9  Cambodia3102740
10  Brunei11810
11  Timor-Leste0033
Totals (11 nations)3723745001246

BroadcastingEdit

The games were broadcast live on 14 radio and television channels and websites in six countries.[26][27]

Brunei
Laos
Myanmar
Singapore
Thailand
Vietnam

Malaysia's TV3[28] and TV2[29] only broadcast the Games' Men's Football events.

Concerns, controversies and legacyEdit

Prior to the games, the Laotian organising committee was criticised for reducing the number of sports. This had been done partly because Laos has no coastline (rendering sailing, windsurfing, and triathlon infeasible), and a general lack of sporting facilities in Vientiane.[20] The inclusion of a number of Olympic sports, previously uncontested at the SEA Games, were interpreted as a bid for greater coverage of the Games in Laos. Few critics stated that Laos specifically selected games in which they had a better chance of winning gold medals. The decision to remove basketball from the programme was an unpopular one.[21]

Many countries, including the Philippines – the defending champions for the men's division – offered to help to host the Games but Laos rejected these offers.[30] Laos accepted funding from China, Japan, Vietnam and the ASEAN nations to construct the appropriate sports facilities including the USD 100 million New Laos National Stadium and USD 19 million Games village.[31] Although prior criticisms had been levelled over the reduced programme and financing of facilities, upon commencement, the Games received a largely positive reaction from the other competing nations. The Games were considered a success for Laos, one of the poorest countries in the world, and a nation which had only sent four athletes to the 2008 Olympic Games.[32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Laos President Declares Open the 25th SEA Games". Archived from the original on 13 December 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "25th SEA Games, Laos. Vientiane 2009 Organizing Committee". Archived from the original on 1 December 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ "Emblem". Archived from the original on 4 December 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "25th Southeast Asian Games Information : Mascots". 4 December 2009. Archived from the original on 4 December 2009.
  5. ^ Laos reveals the official mascot for the 25th Sea Games 2009. Laoupdate (15 December 2007). Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
  6. ^ "25th SEA Games tunes hit the airwaves in Laos".
  7. ^ "Sam - Spirit of the Flame". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  8. ^ "SEA Games Harmony". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Vientiane Games". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  10. ^ "25thseagamesblogspot".
  11. ^ "Beerlao SEA Games Campaign Song". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  12. ^ "25th SEA Games Countdown To be held on New year eve".
  13. ^ "25th SEA Games countdown starts in Vientiane".
  14. ^ "SEA Games athletes village in Laos opened". Archived from the original on 27 March 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Venues". official website. 5 December 2009. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009.
  16. ^ "Buses warm up for SEA Games service". Official website. Archived from the original on 7 December 2009.
  17. ^ "SEA Games opens in Laos". Archived from the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  18. ^ "Laos bids farewell to Games".
  19. ^ "25th SEA Games closes with Thailand topping medal tally". Xinhua.
  20. ^ a b Lines, Chris (16 December 2007). 2009 SEA Games to reduce number of Olympic sports. The New York Times. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
  21. ^ a b "Sport as politics and history: The 25th SEA Games in Laos".
  22. ^ Creak, Simon (2011). "Sport as politics and history: The 25th SEA Games in Laos 2". Anthropology Today. 27: 14–19. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8322.2011.00783.x.
  23. ^ "Next SEA Games to reduce the number of Olympic sports". Archived from the original on 27 December 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  24. ^ Results & Medal Tally. 2009 Southeast Asian Games. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
  25. ^ "OCA". Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  26. ^ "Sea Games To Be Broadcast Live To 6 Asean Countries".
  27. ^ "25th Southeast Asian Games Information". 15 February 2010.
  28. ^ "Malaysia vs Vietnam - SEA Games 2009 Final (Part 9)". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  29. ^ "SEA Games 2009 : Malaysia 1-0 Vietnam (RTM)". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  30. ^ "Vietnam willing to help Laos host SEA Games 2009". 16 January 2017.
  31. ^ "25th SEA Games to feature 25 sports". VietnamNet Bridge. 16 December 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  32. ^ "Laos wins rave reviews for SEA Games". Yahoo/AP. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2009.[permanent dead link].

External linksEdit

Preceded by Southeast Asian Games
Vientiane

XXV Southeast Asian Games (2009)
Succeeded by