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2009 Southeast Asian Games

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games (Lao: ກີລາພູມິພາກອາຊີຕາເວັນອອກສຽງໃຕ້ 2009, translit. Kila phoumipak asi taven oak siang tai 2009), officially known as the 25th Southeast Asian Games was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event hosted by Vientiane, Laos. This was the first time Laos had held the Southeast Asian Games as Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games, citing financial difficulties.

25th Southeast Asian Games
SEA Games 2009 Logo.png
Host city Vientiane, Laos
Motto Generosity Amity Healthy Lifestyle
Nations participating 11
Athletes participating 3100
Events 372 in 25 sports
Opening ceremony 9 December
Closing ceremony 18 December
Officially opened by Choummaly Sayasone
President of Laos
Officially closed by Bouasone Bouphavanh
Prime Minister of Laos
Athlete's Oath Mayuly Phanouvong
Judge's Oath Somphone Manikham
Torch lighter Phoxay Aphailath
Main venue New Laos National Stadium
Website 2009 Southeast Asian Games
2007 2011  >

The games commemorated 50 years of SEA Games and was held from 9 to 18 December 2009, although several events had commenced from 2 December 2009. Around 3100 athletes from 11 participating nations competed at the Games, which featured 372 events in 25 sports. Laos is the ninth nation to host the games after Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Brunei and Vietnam. The games was opened and closed by Choummaly Sayasone, the President of Laos at the New Laos National Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by Vietnam and Indonesia with host Laos in seventh place. Several Games and national records were broken during the games. Though there were several controversies, the Games were deemed generally successful with Laos first Southeast Asian Games hosting experience and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.

Contents

OrganisationEdit

Host cityEdit

Vientiane, the capital city of Laos is the host of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games. The decision came during the Southeast Asian Games Federation meeting at the 2003 Southeast Asian Games in Vietnam.[1]

Development and preparationEdit

The Laos 25th SEA Games Organising Committee (LAOSOC) led by president Somsavath Lengsavath was formed to oversee the staging of the games.[2]

VenuesEdit

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games used mostly new and some existing venues with the centrepiece of the activities being the new National Sport Complex. Incorporating the new 25,000-seat national stadium, it hosted most of the events. Athletes were housed at the National University of Laos, which was chosen as the games village.[3]

The 25th Southeast Asian Games had 27 venues for the games.[4]

City Competition Venue Sports
Vientiane New National Sport Complex
New Laos National Stadium Opening and closing ceremony, Athletics, Football (Men)
Aquatics stadium Aquatics (Swimming, Diving, Water polo), Finswimming
Archery range Archery
Gymnasium 1 Badminton
Beech Volleyball Stadium Volleyball (Beech)
Gymnasium 2 Volleyball (Indoor)
Shooting range Shooting
Tennis court Tennis
National University of Laos
University Stadium Football (Women)
Olympasia Gymnasium Boxing
Convention hall Table tennis
Booyong Gymnasium Taekwondo, Wrestling
Petanque court Petanque
Lao international Trade Exhibition and Convention Center
Hall 1 Sepak takraw
Hall2 Wushu
Hall 3 Pencak silat
Beung Kha Nong Sports Centre
Lao-Thai Gymnasium Muay
Gymnasium 1 Shuttlecock
Others
That Luang, Lan Xang Avenue, Samsenethai, Thadeua km10, T4, Kaysone Road Cycling (Individual time trial)
Done Noune Tri Square, Ban Keun, return (Men: Thalath Market, Women: Pakkhanhoung) Cycling (Mass start)
Dane Song Cycling (Mountain bike: Downhill)
Tad Sone Cycling (Mountain bike: Cross country)
Donchan Palace Hotel Billiards and snooker
Chao Anouvong Stadium Football (Men and Women)
Chao Anouvong Gymnasium Judo, Karate
SEA Games Golf Course Golf
Pornsawan School Weightlifting

Public transportEdit

Lao Association of Travel Agents provided bus services during the Games to fetch volunteers between the city and outlying venues and transport athletes and performers to and from the games village, airport, the city, the games venues and within Laos. Car services were also available in the city throughout the games period.[5]

CountdownEdit

The countdown to the 25th SEA Games was held at the Chao Anouvong stadium on 31 December 2008, featured programmes such as the New Year celebrations, a show from Miss SEA Games contestants, performances by various artists, and a fireworks display. A countdown clock was also placed at a nearby shopping mall and the Patuxay Monument in Vientiane.[6][7]

MarketingEdit

Edit

 
Champa and Champi, the Games mascots

The logo of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games is the image of the Pha That Luang, the national landmark and shrine of Laos beside the Mekong River. The shrine represents Laos as the host of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games and the Lao Culture, Arts and History, whereas the Mekong River, resembled by three wavy lines below the shrine, represents the origin of life, culture and lifestyle of Lao people especially in sports. The river itself also represents the integration of the Southeast Asian countries and the friendship made through sport competition.[8]

MascotEdit

The mascots of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games are two white elephants dressed in traditional Lao attire named Champa, the male elephant and Champi the female elephant. The two white elephants symbolises the host nation, Laos as it was known as the kingdom of Lan Xang in ancient times, which literally means "the kingdom of a million elephants". The cheerful expression on the faces of the mascots represents the joyful and lively atmosphere during the games and warm welcome from Laos as the host country of the 25th SEA Games.[9][10]

SongsEdit

33 songs were written for the games,[11] which included The Spirit of the Flame, the theme song of the games which was written and performed by Sam Intharaphithak.[12] Other songs included "Go Laos" which was sung by Sam Intharaphithak, Nalin Daravong, and Kave, "SEA Games Harmony" which was sung by Sithiphone, Sam Intharaphithak, Gai, Malya and Poui[13] and "Vietiane Games" which was sung by Buratino.[14] A Beerlao Campaign song for the games was also composed.[15][16]

SponsorsEdit

A total of 12 Sponsors, comprising 8 Official Partners and 4 Official Sponsors sponsored the 2009 Southeast Asian Games.[17]

The gamesEdit

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening ceremony of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games was held on 9 December 2009 at 18:10 (LST) at the New Laos National Stadium. The ceremony preceded with the arrival of the then President Choummaly Sayasone and several guests of honour to the stadium. This was followed by announcement of the ceremony commencement by announcers, the scoreboard countdown and the parade of athletes from the participating nations led by Lao Police Force band and flag bearers carrying the flags of the games and the flags of the participating nations began with the Bruneian delegation. The Lao delegation, the largest of all participating nations with 733 athletes and officials, received the warmest welcome from the audiences when they marched into the stadium.[18][1] After all the contingent marched into the stadium, the National Flag of Laos and the games' flags were raised as the National Anthem of Laos is played. After that, Somsavat Lengsavad, the Standing Deputy Prime Minister of Laos and the chairman of the 25th Southeast Asian Games Organizing Committee gave the welcome speech and president Choummaly then declared the games opened. Mayuly Phanouvong took the athlete's oath, while the judge's oath was taken by Somphone Manikham. Later, a group of athletes passes the flame during the torch relay one after another before Phoxay Aphailath, lit the flame on an arrow carried by a man dressed as Sang Sinxay. The man who dressed as Sang Sinxay then aim the arrow lit by the flame from Phoxay with his bow carried with him at the cauldron, shoot and lit it instantly, symbolised the beginning of the games. After the cauldron was lit, the athletes took part at the parade earlier were escorted out of the stadium by the Lao Police Force, making way for the dance performance which concluded the ceremony. The dance performance includes segments such as Welcome dance for SEA Games, Forest, streams and life, Sinxay of Modern Times, Bright Future, In Harmony towards the future, Golden rice field and the light of righteousness.

Closing ceremonyEdit

The closing ceremony of the 2009 Southeast Asian Games was held on 18 December 2009 at 18:10 (LST) at the New Laos National Stadium. The ceremony preceded with the arrival of the then Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh and several guests of honour to the stadium. It began with the parade of athletes by order of sports competed, followed by the closing speech of the games chairman, Songsavad Lengsavad, the lowering of the flag of Laos and the games flag and the extinguish of the games cauldron. The hosting rights of the SEA Games was then handed over to Indonesia, host of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games in which Andy Mallarangeng, the Minister of Youth and sports of Indonesia receiving the flag as its symbol. The Indonesia segment dance performance Gather together again, was performed by Indonesian dancers. The ceremony concluded with the Lao farewell segment dance performance which included Paddy Trash, Lao New Year, Rocket Festival and boat racing festival.[19][20]

Participating nationsEdit

SportsEdit

Because of the limited sports facilities in Vientiane and Laos' lack of a coastline, only 25 sports featured in the programme, compared to 43 held in the 2007 Southeast Asian Games in Thailand. Among the Olympic sports removed from the Games were baseball, canoeing, sailing, gymnastics, hockey, rowing, fencing, triathlon, equestrian, softball and basketball.[21][22][23]

Key
¹ – non-Olympic sports
ʰ – sports absent from previous edition and reintroduced by the host country

CalendarEdit

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
December 2
Wed
3
Thu
4
Fri
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
Gold medal events
Ceremonies OC CC
  Archery 4 4 8
  Athletics 10 9 6 9 11 45
  Badminton 2 5 7
  Billiards and snooker 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 10
  Boxing 5 10 15
  Cycling 2 2 2 2 8
  Diving 2 2 2 2 8
  Finswimming 5 6 5 16
 Football 1 1 2
  Golf 4 4
  Judo 4 7 7 18
  Karate 4 7 6 17
  Muay 6 7 13
  Pencak silat 2 1 14 17
  Pétanque 2 2 3 2 2 11
  Sepak takraw 2 2 2 2 8
  Shooting 6 6 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 34
  Shuttlecock 2 3 2 7
  Swimming 7 6 7 6 6 32
  Table tennis 2 1 2 2 7
  Taekwondo 5 6 6 4 21
  Tennis 2 3 2 7
  Volleyball 1 3 4
  Water polo 1 1
  Weightlifting 3 3 3 4 13
  Wrestling 7 4 7 18
  Wushu 4 2 4 11 21
Total gold medal events 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 7 31 35 34 39 41 47 48 81 8 372
Cumulative total 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 8 39 74 108 147 188 235 283 364 372
December 2
Wed
3
Thu
4
Fri
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
Gold medal events

Medal tableEdit

A total of 1246 medals, comprising 372 gold medals, 374 silver medals, and 500 bronze medals were awarded to athletes. The Host Laos performance was its' best ever yet in Southeast Asian Games history and was placed seventh overall amongst participating nations.[24][25]

Key

  *   Host nation (Laos)

2009 Southeast Asian Games medal table
Rank NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Thailand (THA) 86 83 97 266
2   Vietnam (VIE) 83 75 57 215
3   Indonesia (INA) 43 53 74 170
4   Malaysia (MAS) 40 40 59 139
5   Philippines (PHI) 38 35 51 124
6   Singapore (SIN) 33 30 35 98
7   Laos (LAO)* 33 25 52 110
8   Myanmar (MYA) 12 22 37 71
9   Cambodia (CAM) 3 10 27 40
10   Brunei (BRU) 1 1 8 10
11   Timor-Leste (TLS) 0 0 3 3
Total (11 NOCs) 372 374 500 1246

BroadcastingEdit

Concerns and controversiesEdit

Prior to the games, the Laotian organising committee was criticised for reducing the number of sports. This had been done partly because Laos has no coastline (rendering sailing, windsurfing and triathlon infeasible), and a general lack of sporting facilities in Vientiane.[21] The inclusion of a number of Olympic sports, previously uncontested at the SEA Games, were interpreted as a bid for greater coverage of the Games in Laos. Few critics stated that Laos specifically selected games in which they had a better chance of winning gold medals. The decision to remove basketball from the programme was an unpopular one.[22]

Many countries, including the Philippines – the defending champions for the men's division – offered to help to host the Games but Laos rejected these offers.[30] Laos accepted funding from China, Japan, Vietnam and the ASEAN nations to construct the appropriate sports facilities including the USD 100 million New Laos National Stadium and USD 19 million Games village.[31] Although prior criticisms had been levelled over the reduced programme and financing of facilities, upon commencement, the Games received a largely positive reaction from the other competing nations. The Games were considered a success for Laos, one of the poorest countries in the world, and a nation which had only sent four athletes to the 2008 Olympic Games.[32]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Laos President Declares Open the 25th SEA Games". Archived from the original on 13 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "25th SEA Games, Laos. Vientiane 2009 Organizing Committee". Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "SEA Games athletes village in Laos opened". 
  4. ^ "Venues". Official Website. 5 December 2009. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "Buses warm up for SEA Games service". Official website. Archived from the original on 7 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "25th SEA Games Countdown To be held on New year eve". 
  7. ^ "25th SEA Games countdown starts in Vientiane". 
  8. ^ "Emblem". Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. 
  9. ^ "25th Southeast Asian Games Information : Mascots". 4 December 2009. Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. 
  10. ^ Laos reveals the official mascot for the 25th Sea Games 2009. Laoupdate (15 December 2007). Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
  11. ^ "25th SEA Games tunes hit the airwaves in Laos". 
  12. ^ "Sam - Spirit of the Flame". 
  13. ^ "SEA Games Harmony". 
  14. ^ "Vientiane Games". 
  15. ^ "25thseagamesblogspot". 
  16. ^ "Beerlao SEA Games Campaign Song". 
  17. ^ "Official Website of the Games". Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. 
  18. ^ "SEA Games opens in Laos". 
  19. ^ "Laos bids farewell to Games". 
  20. ^ "25th SEA Games closes with Thailand topping medal tally". Xinhua. 
  21. ^ a b Lines, Chris (16 December 2007). 2009 SEA Games to reduce number of Olympic sports. New York Times. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
  22. ^ a b "Sport as politics and history: The 25th SEA Games in Laos". 
  23. ^ "Next SEA Games to reduce the number of Olympic sports". Archived from the original on 27 December 2007. 
  24. ^ Results & Medal Tally. 2009 Southeast Asian Games. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
  25. ^ OCA
  26. ^ "Sea Games To Be Broadcast Live To 6 Asean Countries". 
  27. ^ "25th Southeast Asian Games Information". 
  28. ^ "Malaysia vs Vietnam - SEA Games 2009 Final (Part 9)". 
  29. ^ "SEA Games 2009 : Malaysia 1-0 Vietnam (RTM)". 
  30. ^ "Vietnam willing to help Laos host SEA Games 2009". 
  31. ^ "25th SEA Games to feature 25 sports". VietnamNet Bridge. 16 December 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2007. 
  32. ^ "Laos wins rave reviews for SEA Games". Yahoo/AP. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2009. [permanent dead link].

External linksEdit