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The 2009 Georgian mutiny was a mutiny by a Georgian Army tank battalion based in Mukhrovani, Georgia, 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the capital Tbilisi on 5 May 2009. It is not yet known how many soldiers took part.[3][4][5] Later that day, the Georgian Ministry of Interior announced that the mutineers had surrendered. Some of its leaders, including the battalion's commander, were arrested; others managed to escape.[3] The mutiny broke out after the government announced that it had uncovered what it claimed was a Russian-backed plot to destabilize Georgia and assassinate President Mikheil Saakashvili.[3] Later, Georgian authorities retracted their accusations of an assassination plot and allegations of Russian support.[6][7]

2009 Georgian Mutiny
Date5 May 2009
Location
Status Mutineers surrender[1]
Belligerents
Georgian Army
Georgian Police
Mutineers from the Mukhrovani Separate Tank Battalion
Commanders and leaders
President Mikheil Saakashvili
Interior Minister Vano Merabishvili
Defense Minister Vasil Sikharulidze
Lt. Colonel Mamuka Gorgiashvili[2]
Strength
(?) ~500(?)

Contents

BackgroundEdit

 
April 10, 2009. Demonstrators in front of the Georgian parliament building, demanding that Saakashvili resign.

Georgia has been affected by unrest since the 2008 South Ossetia war.[citation needed]

Since April 2009, protests have called for the resignation of the Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili.[8] In March, nine members of the political party Democratic Movement – United Georgia were arrested after allegedly purchasing automatic weapons ahead of more anti-government demonstrations, a claim described by its leader as "absurd".[8] Several senior government figures recently defected to the opposition, claiming Saakashvili started an unwinnable war that left the breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia further in Russian control.[8] In May 2009, Russia decided to take control of South Ossetia's border with Georgia.[8]

The mutiny took place a day before the planned NATO exercises in Georgia. NATO drills were condemned by Russia, which referred to them as an "attempt to cheer up the Saakashvili regime".[3][4][9]

The mutinyEdit

The mutiny erupted on the morning of 5 May, after a Georgian Army tank battalion stationed in Mukhrovani, 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, began to disobey orders.[3]

According to the mutineers statement, circulated by local media, they were not planning any military action, and urging for dialogue between the government and the opposition during ongoing political crisis. Colonel Mamuka Gorgishvili, commander of the Mukhrovani Tank Battalion, stated: "Watching the country being torn apart by the current standoff is unbearable. There is a possibility of this standoff turning violent". Police then barred reporters from approaching the base.[10]

According to the Minister of Defense, Vasil Sikharulidze, the plotters' minimum goal was to undermine the NATO military exercises beginning in May 2009. Sikharulidze also mentioned to the Rustavi 2 television that the rebellion was also "an attempt of a military coup."[11] In response to the mutiny, the Georgian Army deployed troops, military police, helicopters, and 30 tanks and armored vehicles, alongside Georgian Police units, some equipped with armored vehicles, to the base.[12] In a televised address, the President of Georgia said the mutineers had been given a deadline to surrender. Although not specifying when the deadline would expire, he did say that an order "to act appropriately" has been given out to the law enforcement agencies if the negotiations would fail. President Saakashvili also suggested that the mutiny was part of a wider Russian-orchestrated plan to disrupt the upcoming NATO military exercises "Cooperative Longbow - Cooperative Lancer 09" in Georgia, scheduled to start on 6 May and Georgia’s joining with EU's Eastern Partnership.[13] The soldiers at Mukhrovani quickly surrendered after Saakashvili entered the base accompanied by heavily armed bodyguards to negotiate with the mutineers.[14] After their surrender, the mutineers were disarmed, and Georgian military police removed the mutineers from the base in buses.[15] Almost three dozen mutineers were arrested, and according to some reports, their relatives were detained and tortured.[16] However, three of the mutiny's organizers fled, sparking a manhunt. On May 21, the suspects were found by Police leaving Tbilisi in a minivan. One was shot dead, and two others were wounded and arrested. According to Georgian authorities, the suspects ignored police orders to stop and began shooting, prompting the police officers to return fire.[17]

21 of the mutiny plotters were put to trial. The trial concluded on 11 January 2010. Colonel Koba Otanadze was given 29 years in prison, while Rangers' Battalion Commander Levan Amiridze was given 28 years, and Tank Battalion Commander Shota Gorgiashvili was given 19 years. All three had been charged with attempting to overthrow the government. National Guard Commander Koba Kobaladze was sentenced to eight months and six days imprisonment for the illegal purchase and possession of weapons. The remaining defendants were tried for various crimes including disobedience and illegal weapons possession, and given sentences ranging from three to fifteen years of imprisonment.[18]

Military coup attempt suspicionEdit

The Georgian Interior Ministry has expressed concerns about a large scale military mutiny that was to be planned in the Georgian Army by some former military officials, who were in coordination with Russia. Shota Utiashvili, head of the information and analytical department of the Georgian Interior Ministry, said that the mutiny seems to be coordinated with Russia and aimed at minimum thwarting NATO military exercises and maximum organizing full-scale military mutiny in the country.[2] Later, Georgian authorities retracted accusations of Russian support.[6]

AftermathEdit

On May 5, 2009, the Interior Ministry of Georgia released video footage, recorded apparently with a body-worn covert camera and showing a man, purportedly the retired major Gia Gvaladze, talking to several persons whose faces were blurred in tape and naming several former senior military and security officials, including David Tevzadze, Jemal Gakhokidze, Koba Kobaladze, and Gia Karkarashvili as supporters of the planned mutiny. Kobaladze, Gvaladze, and the Mukhrovani battalion commander Lieutenant Colonel Mamuka Gorgiashvili, as well as dozens of military personnel and civilians were arrested by the police "in connection with the Mukhrovani incident".[19] Kharkharashvili and Tevzadze have rejected any links with the plot.[20] Two other former army officers, Koba Otanadze and Zaza Mushkudiani, are wanted.[21]

Later that day Gia Karkarashvili released video footage showing him talking with Koba Melikidze who allegedly was trying to persuade him to take part in the mutiny. The Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs expressed its gratitude to Karkarashvili for information provided by him as it helped to arrest Melikidze and prevent an assassination attempt on Vano Merabishvili.[22]

On May, 6, Georgian authorities stepped back from accusations of an assassination plot against Mikheil Saakashvili and allegations of Russian support of the mutiny. At this stage, Georgian authorities claimed the army mutiny was mainly aimed at disrupting NATO exercises starting on May 6, 2009. Saakashvili's official site states the mutiny was inspired by a group of disgruntled Georgian army officers.[6]

The principal suspects – Gia Krialashvili, Koba Otanadze, and Levan Amiridze – remained at large after the Mukhrovani incident. On May 20, 2009, Krialashvili was killed, and Otanadze and Amiridze were wounded and delivered to hospital in a shootout with police at the outskirts of Tbilisi.[23]

Domestic reactionsEdit

  • Politicians
    • The Georgian opposition has expressed its doubts on the mutiny backgrounds and actual happening. One of the opposition leaders, David Gamkrelidze claimed that the event could have been an inside job of the Georgian authorities to draw the attention away from the anti-government protests in Georgia.[24] Irakli Alasania, leader of the opposition Alliance for Georgia, said he would not make any political assessment, because of lack of information.[25]
    • In May 2009, Givi Targamadze, senior member of the Parliament of Georgia for the ruling United National Movement party accused Alexander Ebralidze, a Russian tycoon of Georgian origin, of being behind the 2009 Georgian attempted mutiny with the aim of “at least to trigger unrest in Georgia” or “at maximum to pave the way for entry of the Russian occupation forces in Tbilisi.”[26]
  • Military experts – The rebellion could be linked with plans to use troops to end opposition roadblocks paralysing Tbilisi, with some officers refusing to participate. This version "chimes with" military sources information, a senior Western diplomat confirmed.[27]

Foreign reactionsEdit

  •   Russia – The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs denied any Russian involvement after the Georgian accusations of interfering in Georgian domestic affairs.[28] The Russian Federation's envoy to NATO, Dmitry Rogozin, said that Moscow had been accustomed to ridiculous accusations from Georgia.[29]
    • Russian special services – the unnamed source in Russian special services, cited by ITAR-TASS news agency, called allegations of Russian involvement “delirium and agony on Saakashvili's regime’s part”.[30]
  •   United States – The United States Department of Defense has announced that the situation in Georgia which took place earlier on May 5 is probably an isolated incident. The press secretary of the Pentagon Bryan Whitman added that the United States is still analyzing the situation. He also stated he did not have any information on Russian involvement in the mutiny.[31][32]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kask, Kalev; Erik Rand (2009-05-05), Gruusia sõdurid hakkasid võimude vastu mässama (in Estonian), epl.ee, archived from the original on 7 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  2. ^ a b Officials Say Russian-Backed Mutiny Thwarted, Civil Georgia, 2009-05-05, retrieved 2009-05-05
  3. ^ a b c d e Georgian troop rebellion 'over'. BBC News. May 5, 2009
  4. ^ a b Chance, Matthew (2009-05-05), Georgian troops mutiny ahead of NATO exercises, edition.cnn.com, archived from the original on 9 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  5. ^ MoD Says Military Unit Mutinies, civil.ge, 2009-05-05, retrieved 2009-05-05
  6. ^ a b c Georgia Says It Halts Army Mutiny To Disrupt NATO, National Public Radio (USA), 2009-05-06, archived from the original on 10 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-06
  7. ^ Georgia puts down mutiny attempt at military base, Japan Today (Japan), 2009-05-06, retrieved 2009-05-06
  8. ^ a b c d Parfitt, Tom; Mark Tran (2009-05-05), Army mutiny in Georgia denounced as 'Russian-backed attempted coup', The Guardian, archived from the original on 9 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  9. ^ "NATO drills may spark Georgian aggression | Politics from 2009-04-16 | RT". russiatoday.ru. Archived from the original on 20 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
  10. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2009/05/mil-090505-rianovosti05.htm
  11. ^ Mchedlishvili, Niko (2009-05-05), Georgia says soldiers rebel, accuses Russia, reuters.com, archived from the original on 8 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  12. ^ May 5, 2009 report by RT
  13. ^ Mutineers Given Deadline to Surrender, civil.ge, 2009-05-05, retrieved 2009-05-05
  14. ^ Blomfield, Adrian (2009-05-05), Georgia accuses Russia of supporting coup attempt, telegraph.co.uk, archived from the original on 11 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  15. ^ Georgian mutiny quelled, RT, 06 May, 2009, archived link
  16. ^ Georgian police rampant after military mutiny, RT, 24 May, 2009, archived link
  17. ^ Georgian mutiny suspect killed, two arrested, RT, 21 May, 2009, archived link
  18. ^ Georgian Court Hands Down Heavy Sentences In Mutiny Trial, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, January 11, 2010
  19. ^ Police: 13 Civilians Arrested over Mukhrovani Mutiny. Civil Georgia. May 5, 2009
  20. ^ Former Commander of National Guard Arrested. Civil Georgia. May 5, 2009
  21. ^ On the Failed Military Mutiny. Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. May 5, 2009
  22. ^ Statement of Ministry Of Internal AffairsOn the Failed Military Mutiny. Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. May 5, 2009
  23. ^ One Mutineer Suspect Killed, Two Injured. Civil Georgia. May 21, 2009
  24. ^ Georgian opposition not convinced on the backgrounds of the mutiny (in Estonian), postimees.ee, 2009-05-05, archived from the original on 6 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  25. ^ Officials Say Russian-Backed Mutiny Thwarted, civil.ge, 2009-05-05, retrieved 2009-05-05
  26. ^ Senior MP Claims Russian Link to Mukhrovani Mutiny. Civil Georgia. May 23, 2009
  27. ^ "Georgian mutiny put down as President Saakashvili accuses Russia | ONE NEWS". tvnz.co.nz. Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
  28. ^ Moscow: Georgian authorities in an illusion (in Estonian), defli.ee, 2009-05-05, archived from the original on 11 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05
  29. ^ Scott Bevan (2009-05-05). "Russia ridicules Georgia's coup claims". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  30. ^ "Georgian mutiny quelled | Top Stories from 2009-05-06 | RT". www.russiatoday.com. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  31. ^ "Pentagon cautiously responds to Georgia mutiny plot - People's Daily Online". english.people.com.cn. Archived from the original on 11 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
  32. ^ Pentagon: mäss Gruusias näib üksiku juhtumina (in Estonian), postimees.ee, 2009-05-05, archived from the original on 6 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-05

Coordinates: 41°46′52″N 45°09′02″E / 41.781217°N 45.150526°E / 41.781217; 45.150526