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The Election for the 5th Legislative Yuan (Chinese: 五屆立法委員選舉) of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China) was held on 1 December 2001. All 225 seats of the Legislative Yuan were up for election: 168 elected by popular vote, 41 elected on the basis of the proportion of nationwide votes received by participating political parties, eight elected from overseas Chinese constituencies on the basis of the proportion of nationwide votes received by participating political parties, eight elected by popular vote among the Taiwanese aboriginal populations. Members served three year terms from February 1, 2002 to February 1, 2005.

2001 Taiwan legislative election

← 1998 1 December 2001 2004 →

All 225 seats to the Legislative Yuan
113 seats are needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  2008-Hsieh-cropped.png Lien Chan (chopped).jpg 宋楚瑜主席2016.jpg
Leader Frank Hsieh Lien Chan James Soong
Party DPP Kuomintang People First
Alliance Pan-Green Pan-Blue Pan-Blue
Leader since April 20, 2000 March 20, 2000 March 31, 2000
Last election 70 seats, 29.56% 123 seats, 46.43% New party
Seats won 87 68 46
Seat change Increase21 Decrease46 Increase29
Popular vote 3,447,740 2,949,371 1,917,836
Percentage 36.6% 31.3% 20.3%
Swing Increase7.0pp Decrease15.5pp N/A

  Fourth party Fifth party
  2008TaipeiCityNewYearCountdownParty ParadeFestival Lung-pin Hau.jpg
Leader Huang Chu-wen Hau Lung-pin
Party TSU New
Alliance Pan-Green Pan-Blue
Leader since August 12, 2001 March 2000
Last election New party 11 seats, 7.06%
Seats won 13 1
Seat change Increase13 Decrease8
Popular vote 801,560 269,620
Percentage 8.5% 2.6%
Swing N/A N/A

Taiwan Legislative Election 2001 constituencies.svg
Popular vote of each constituency

President before election

Wang Jin-pyng

Elected President

Wang Jin-pyng



The first national election to be held after Chen Shui-bian's victory in the 2000 presidential election, the election resulted for the first time in the Kuomintang (KMT) losing its majority and President Chen's Democratic Progressive Party to emerging as the largest party in the legislature.[1] However, the Pan-Blue Coalition developed between the Kuomintang, the People First Party and the New Party, enabled the Chinese reunificationist and conservative opposition to muster a slim majority over the pro-Taiwan independence Pan-Green Coalition formed between the Democratic Progressive Party and the Taiwan Solidarity Union. This resulted in much of President Chen's agenda being derailed or deadlocked for the following three years.[citation needed]


Political Party Overall votes Overall % Local At-large Aboriginal Overseas Total seats Change
  Democratic Progressive Party* 3,447,740 36.6% 69 15 0 3 87 +21
  Kuomintang* 2,949,371 31.3% 49 13 4 2 68 -46
  People First Party* 1,917,836 20.3% 33 9 2 2 46 +29
  Taiwan Solidarity Union* 801,560 8.5% 8 4 0 1 13 +13
  New Party 269,620 2.9% 1 0 0 0 1 -8
  Independent 52,342 0.4% 8 0 2 0 10 -9
Eligible voters 15,822,684
Votes cast 10,468,990 (66.2%)
Invalid votes 141,135 (01.3%)
Valid votes 10,327,855 (98.7%)
*5% vote threshold needed for proportional seat assignment


The KMT lost its majority for the first time, losing 46 seats and falling to 68 seats. The largest party had become the DPP with 87 seats, followed by the KMT, and the PFP with 46 seats. Various parties and independents held the remainder. The New Party which lost all of its seat except the one seat on Quemoy while the newly formed Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU) captured 13 seats, with independents holding on to 10 seats. Overall the pan-blue opposition got 115 seats, whilt the government pan-green got 100 seats. The pan-blue remained majority.

Part of the KMT's loss could be attributed to defections to both the People First Party and Taiwan Solidarity Union. The People First Party formed by James Soong and his supporters after the 2000 presidential elections. Soong had been expelled from the KMT after launching an independent bid for the presidency and narrowly lost the race to Chen Shui-bian. The Taiwan Solidarity Union was formed by supporters of former President and KMT Chairman Lee Teng-hui, who took the title of "spiritual leader" in the party. For this, Lee was also expelled from the KMT. Though the both offshoots of the Kuomintang, the People First Party advocated a more conservative position than the KMT while the Taiwan Solidarity Union took on a radical pro-independence stance. After Lee's expulsion, the KMT and PFP had a warming of relations and cooperated in the election. The more moderate pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party cooperated with the Taiwan Solidarity Union likewise, leading to the formation of the pan-blue and pan-green coalitions.

The KMT's loss in the election could also be attributed partly to the single non-transferable vote scheme in place. Though the DPP won 40% of the seats they only polled 36% of the vote because of the inability of the KMT, PFP, and New Party to coordinate their electoral strategies. This led to more stringent vote allocation strategies by pan-blue in 2004, which helped prevent pan-green from gaining a majority.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Copper, John F. Taiwan's 2001 Legislative, Magistrates and Mayors Election: Further Consolidating Democracy?.