Battle of Basra (1991)

  (Redirected from 1991 uprising in Basra)

The Battle of Basra was a battle fought in the beginning of the 1991 uprisings in Iraq following the Gulf War. The battle started after demoralized troops throughout Iraq began to rebel against Saddam Hussein's Ba'athist regime, in particular after a tank driver in Basra fired at a public portrait of Saddam Hussein. Basra became a chaotic battlefield between military defectors and Iraqi Republican Guard, with most of the fighting taking place at close quarters. Most of Basra had been retaken by mid March, but rebels in parts such as Tanuma managed to hold out until mid April. After Ba'athist forces had regained control, they engaged in a crackdown against civilians and suspected supporters of the uprising.[3]

Battle of Basra (1991)
Part of 1991 uprisings in Iraq
Battle of Basra (1991) is located in Iraq
Basra
Basra
Date1 March – mid-April 1991
Location
Result

Iraqi government victory

  • Alleged mass reprisals against civilians
Territorial
changes
Parts of Basra taken by rebels and then re-taken by the government
Belligerents

 Iraq

Shi'a rebels:

Commanders and leaders
Ali Hassan al-Majid[1] Unknown
Strength
6,000 Republic Guard[2] 5,000 Army defectors[2]
Casualties and losses
730+ killed
1,300+ wounded
220+ killed
The Basra area of Iraq

UprisingEdit

1 MarchEdit

The turmoil began in Basra on 1 March 1991, one day after the Gulf War ceasefire, when a T-72 tank gunner returning home after Iraq's defeat in Kuwait fired a shell into an enormous portrait of Saddam Hussein hanging over the city's main square and the other soldiers applauded.[4][5]

4 MarchEdit

By 4 March, the forces loyal to Saddam Hussein had managed to gain the upper hand in the battle, and began a brutal counter-offensive characterised by the arbitrary killing of civilians, with government tanks reportedly firing at buildings and civilians and Republican Guardsmen engaging in massacres against the civilian population. The fighting entered a stand-still by early April and the local resistance and the Republican Guardsmen entered a truce.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fear at the end of the Basra road". The Guardian. 18 May 1991. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  2. ^ a b Goldstein, Eric (June 1992). Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and Its Aftermath. New York, N.Y.: Human Rights Watch. p. 45. ISBN 1-56432-069-3.
  3. ^ Goldstein, Eric (June 1992). Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and Its Aftermath. New York, N.Y.: Human Rights Watch. p. 48. ISBN 1-56432-069-3.
  4. ^ The Crimes of Saddam Hussein: Suppression of the 1991 Uprising, PBS Frontline, 24 January 2006.
  5. ^ Flashback: the 1991 Iraqi revolt, BBC News, 21 August 2007.
  6. ^ Goldstein, Eric (June 1992). Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and Its Aftermath. New York, N.Y.: Human Rights Watch. p. 46. ISBN 1-56432-069-3.

External linksEdit