The 1863 constitution changed the electoral system from a direct vote to an indirect vote. The President was now elected on the basis of which candidate received the most votes in each state, with a candidate required to win in at least five of the nine states to be elected. If no candidate received a majority, Congress would elect the President from the main contenders.
The electors were elected in 1875. In Cauca Rafael Núñez won a majority of the vote, but the election jury refused to recognise his victory. However, it also refused to give its college vote to Parra, and so announced that the state's electors would not take part in the presidential ballot. For the first time, no candidate won a majority of states, and as a result, Congress elected the President on 21 February.
|Candidate||Party||States won||Congressional vote|
|Aquileo Parra||Liberal Party||4||48|
|Rafael Núñez||Liberal Party||2||18|
|Bartolomé Calvo||Conservative Party||2||18|
|Did not vote||1||–|
|Source: Park, The Library|
- Colombia: Elecciones Presidenciales de 1826 a 1990 Political Database of the Americas
- Elections and Events 1850-1899 The Library, UC San Diego
- James William Park (1986) "Regionalism as a factor in Colombia's 1875 election", The Americas, Vol. 42, pp453–472