Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles de Paris
The Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles de Paris is a Roman Catholic parish church in the 1st arrondissement of Paris. It has housed the relics of the Empress Saint Helena, mother of Constantine, since 1819, for which it remains a site of veneration in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. In 1915 the French Ministry of Culture listed it as a monument of historical value.
|Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles de Paris|
|Location||1st arrondissement of Paris|
|Relics held||Saint Helena|
|Heritage designation||Monument historique (1915)|
Construction of the church began in 1235. Since then, the building has undergone several major renovations and modifications, notably in 1320, 1611, 1727, and 1780, when an underground chapel was added.
When Boulevard de Sébastopol was cleared in 1857, the church’s three chapels and apse were destroyed. A renovation project was undertaken by architects Étienne-Hippolyte Godde and Victor Baltard.
In 1875, after the Paris Commune, the reliquary of Saint Lupus of Sens was opened in order to carry out an anatomical analysis of the remains of Saint Helena. Based on the medical findings, Monsignor Richard, Archbishop of Paris, announced that the “reliquary contained the almost-complete torso of Saint Helena”, that “the head was missing and the limbs compressed”, and that “the state of the body conserved in the reliquary of the Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles corresponded to the descriptions known to the Bollandistes in the 18th century”. The reliquary was subsequently placed on open display above and behind the high altar, at the feet of the large crucifix, suspended between two pillars of the apse.
On 16 October 1928, Cardinal Dubois, Archbishop of Paris, held a ceremony in the church for the “Reintegration of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre”. The building was subsequently made chapter house of that order.
On 17 March 2000 the relics of Saint Helena were transferred to the crypt of the order’s knights, making them more easily accessible for veneration. The first Eastern Orthodox liturgy was celebrated before the relics of Saint Helena on 22 February 2003.
- A marble statue of Saint Ann and the Virgin, attributed to Jean Bullant (1515-1578)
- Stained-glass windows
- "Liturgie orthodoxe - Église Saint-Leu - Saint-Gilles". www.saintleuparis.catholique.fr.
- Mérimée PA00085797, Ministère français de la Culture. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Jean-Pierre de Gennes, Les chevaliers du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem, Mémoire & documents, 2004, p. 326
- Paul Lucot, Sainte Hélène, mère de l'empereur Constantin d'après des documents inédits: sa vie, son culte en Champagne, son suaire à Châlons, son corps à Paris, E. Plon et cie, 1876, 78 p.
- Pierre Chavot, Églises de Paris, Arthaud, 2002, p. 25
- L’église capitulaire de l’Ordre http://saintleuparis.catholique.fr/spip.php?article77 [archive]
- "Le Grand Orgue historique de St-Leu - St-Gilles - Association Orgues de Saint-Leu - Paroisse St-Leu Paris". www.orgues-saint-leu.org.
- "Monuments historiques" (PDF). www.culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2019-06-17.