|Sir William Dormer|
|Died||17 May 1575|
|Parents||Sir Robert Dormer, Jane Newdigate|
Sir William Dormer (before 1514 – 17 May 1575) was a Tudor knight, captain and politician. He is best known for a broken engagement to Jane Seymour, who later became the third wife of Henry VIII.
William Dormer was born before 1514, the only child of Sir Robert Dormer (died 2 or 8 July 1552) of West Wycombe and Wing, Buckinghamshire, and London, and his wife Jane Newdigate (d.1568), daughter of John Newdigate (died 15 August 1528) of Harefield, Middlesex, by Amphyllis Neville (d. 15 July 1544). He was the grandson of William Dormer, esquire, and his first wife, Jane Launcelyn, the daughter and coheiress of Sir John Launcelyn, and the great-grandson of Geoffrey Dormer, Merchant of the Staple at Calais (d. 9 March 1503).
From 1535 until 1559 the Dormer main residence was Eythrope in Buckinghamshire. A William Dormer was in the service of Thomas Cromwell, and considered for transfer to royal service in 1538. If the subject of this biography was that William Dormer then his marriage to Mary, daughter of Sir William Sidney may have been assisted by Cromwell.
Dormer was returned as the second member for Chipping Wycombe in the parliament of 1542, and served under his father's command in the war against France in 1544. He may well have been the "young Dormer" who for two years was captain of 100 men at a muster in Buckinghamshire. Two years later (in 1546) he accompanied his father to a reception at court for the French ambassador.
In 1553 he was returned as a knight of the shire for Buckinghamshire in the second parliament of Edward VI. It is not known what his position was in the succession crisis in 1553 when John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, attempted to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne, but in May of 1554 Queen Mary confirmed him in his post as falconer in recognition of his support for her against Northumberland. He may have been made Sheriff for Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire due to his daughter, Jane Dormer's, friendship with Queen Mary, and his daughter's connection to the Queen may also have influenced his return to Mary's fifth parliament as knight of the shire for Buckinghamshire in 1558.
After the death of Queen Mary, Dormer's mother, Jane (née Newdigate), and Dormer's daughter, Jane, left England for the continent. Dormer, too, disliked Queen Elizabeth's Anglican compromise; however his Catholic family connections did not harm his political standing, either in national politics (in 1571 he again sat as a member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire in Elizabeth's third parliament), or in local affairs.
Dormer died at the age of 72, and was buried in the family vault in the church of Wing. His second wife, Dorothy, had a monument built for him in the church, and founded an almshouse in the village of Wing in his memory.
Marriages and issue
Dormer married firstly Mary, eldest daughter of Sir William Sidney and Anne Pakenham. They had two sons, Thomas Dormer and Robert Dormer, said to have died as infants, and two daughters, Anne Dormer, who married Sir Walter Hungerford, and Jane Dormer, a lady in waiting to Queen Mary who married the Duke of Feria, Spanish ambassador to the Court of Saint James.
After the death of his first wife Dormer married, about 1550, Dorothy Catesby (d.1613), the daughter of Anthony Catesby (d.1554) of Whiston, Northamptonshire by his wife Isabel. Dorothy Catesby was twenty years Dormer's junior. They had one son, Robert Dormer, 1st Baron Dormer, who married Elizabeth Browne, the daughter of Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montagu, and six daughters: Mary, who married Anthony Browne, the twin brother of Mary Browne, mother of Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton; Grissel; Katherine, who married John St John, 2nd Baron St John of Bletso (d.1596); Frances; Amphyllis; and Margaret (d.1637), who married Sir Henry Constable (d.1607). After Sir William Dormer's death his widow, Dorothy, married Sir William Pelham.
- Dale 1982a.
- Rylands 1909, p. 41.
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 254–6.
- Crisp 1907, p. 35.
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 254–6.
- Dale 1982.
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 420-2.
- Beaumont 1913, p. 51.
- "William was a baptismal name much favoured by the Dormer family and the career of the only son of Sir Robert Dormer before the 1540s is all but impossible to disentangle from those of his numerous kinsmen" (Dale 1982a)
- Dunlop 1897, p. 210.
- Hanley 2006.
- Harding 1982.
- Richardson 2011, p. 256.
- Bowler 2003, p. 138.
- Dunlop 1895, p. 257.
- Beaumont, Edward T. (1913). Ancient Memorial Brasses. London: Oxford University Press. p. 51. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- Bowler, Gerald (2003). "Dormer, Jane (1538–1612)". In Hartley, Cathy. A historical dictionary of British women (2 ed.). Routledge. p. 138. ISBN 1-85743-228-2.
- Crisp, Frederick Arthur (1907). Visitation of England and Wales 7. London. p. 35. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Dale, M.K. (1982). "Dormer, Robert (1485/6-1552), of West Wycombe and Wing, Bucks. and London". In Bindoff, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Boydell and Brewer.
- Dale, M.K. (1982a). "Dormer, William (by 1514-75), of Eythrope in Waddesdon, Bucks.". In Bindoff, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Boydell and Brewer.
- Dunlop, Robert (1895). "Pelham, William". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography 44. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 255–257.
- Dunlop, Robert (1897). "Sidney, Henry (1529-1586)". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography 52. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 210–217.
- Hanley, Hugh (2006). "Pelham, Dorothy, Lady Pelham (d. 1613)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/95013. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Harding, Alan (1982). "Hungerford, Sir Walter (by 1527-95/97), of Farleigh Hungerford, Som.". In Bindoff, S.T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Boydell and Brewer.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). In Everingham, Kimball G. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. pp. 420–3. ISBN 1449966381.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). In Everingham, Kimball G. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. pp. 254–6. ISBN 144996639X.
- Rylands, W. Harry (1909). The Visitation of the County of Buckingham. LVIII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 40–2. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Will of Sir Robert Dormer, proved 20 October 1552, PROB 11/35/330, National Archives Retrieved 13 May 2013
- Will of John Newdigate, Sergeant-at-law, of Harefield, Middlesex, proved 25 August 1528, National Archives Retrieved 2 April 2013
- "William DORMER (Sir Knight)". Tudorplace.com.ar. Retrieved May 2013.