Warren County High School (Virginia)
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Warren County High School (WCHS) is a high school located in Front Royal, Virginia. The mascot is a Wildcat and its colors are maroon and white. Warren County competes in VHSL activities in the Evergreen District, Region II, Group AA. Its main rivals are Skyline High School and John Handley High School. For 67 years it was located on Luray Avenue. A new WCHS (Fall 2007) is located on Westminster Drive, serving the eastern 40% of the county.
Skyline High School opened in the Fall of 2007, serving the western 60% of the county.
Early history: the 1910s, 1920s, 1930s and 1940s
A high school building opened at the site of the current E. Wilson Morrison Elementary School on Crescent St. in 1910 (approx), succeeding Front Royal's first public school at 21-23 South Royal Avenue (c1870, still standing). By 1940, the high school had outgrown the Morrison site building and an impressively sited, Classical Revival-style, Works Progress Administration-funded building was erected on Luray Avenue, which originally housed grades eight through twelve. The Crescent St. high school building burned (date?) and the elementary school was expanded. A sports rivalry with nearby John Handley High School in Winchester, became one-sided and diminished in the late 1960s as Handley focused more on nearby Frederick County (VA) rival James Wood High School.
Massive resistance: the 1950s
In the 1950s, the WCHS football team had several undefeated seasons. This success came to an end during the segregation/integration crisis of the late 1950s. Because WCHS was the only high school in the County (no "separate but equal" black high school), and local authorities were ready to comply with U.S. Supreme court-ordered integration, WCHS was ordered closed by the Governor in the fall of 1958, as part of Virginia's "massive resistance" to implementation of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Brown vs. Board of Education. (See also Virginia governor Lindsay Almond and the Stanley plan). Although the high school building was closed, education continued in donated private and church spaces. Many seniors transferred to neighboring Rappahannock County (where an even smaller black population was not as politically active and the integration issue was not forced). Local Warren County 1959 graduation was held at the Park movie theater on Main St. There is no official WCHS Class of '59. Massive Resistance and Virginia's segregationist school efforts were given up by the end of the 1958-59 school year. The Luray Avenue building re-opened in the fall of 1959 with a significantly reduced white student population and 22 black students. Also in the fall of 1959 (after a hurried construction process) John S. Mosby Academy (grades 1-12), one of Virginia's several segregation academies opened, as well as public Criser High School, serving the black high school student population of Warren and Rappahannock counties (Criser was an effort to provide "separate but equal", segregated facilities). By the mid-1960s there were enough (black and white) students at WCHS to again field viable athletic teams. Black students continued to have a choice in high schools until Criser closed in 1966 due to declining enrollment. The Criser building was Warren County's middle school in the late 1960s and is now Ressie Jeffries Elementary School. (Note: There had always been a public elementary school for Warren County's small (less than 10%) black population, but high school aged students attended classes in neighboring counties with black-only facilities.)
Due to declining enrollment and financial challenges, Mosby closed at the end of the 1968-69 school year. Warren County Public Schools acquired the facility and to relieve crowding, it was used as the Junior High (grades 7-9) until 1988 (the Luray Avenue building had only grades 10-12 during this time), became a Middle School (grades 6-8) for another ten years, and closed as a school building at the end of the 2009-10 school year.
After integration: the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s
The 1960s also saw the last success of Warren County football for over 35 years. A promising start during the integrated era (four winning seasons in 1965-66-67-69) sputtered, with a 6-4 season in 1977 the last winning season until the 2003 campaign. The 1960s also saw several Wildcats win state titles in forensics.
Overcrowding was alleviated again in the late 1970s, with the construction of the Fine Arts wing (which included a new gymnasium and new library in the old gym) and the Vocational Technology (also known as the "Vo-Tech") building. WCHS Sports teams had never played varsity field contests at the Luray Avenue site. The baseball team played at Front Royal's Bing Crosby Stadium and the football team played there through the early 1970s, when contests were moved to the Mosby facility which included a football field (under control of the school system, not the municipality).
Warren County's basketball teams began to achieve some success in the late 1970s under long-time head coach Jim Moose. While other powers such as R.E. Lee-Staunton were dominant during this era, Moose's Warren County teams provided Lee and other Region II powers with good competition. Warren County advanced to the state quarterfinals three times during the 1980s and 1990s, but never advanced past the semifinals.
Softball teams under Bob Mason won two state titles in 1983 and 1984. The arrival of Charlie Dodge and Roger Seemiller created a strong wrestling program that has improved the entire Northwestern District in the past 10 years, winning several district titles and even a region title.
A growing population to serve: the 1990s and today
The overcrowded high school became a political issue during the late 1980s as Warren County's population grew. A movement grew to build a new and larger high school, but a bond issue to build such a school was defeated in 1991.
Opposition was based around not only the cost of the new school, but also a fear of the school being so large that it would be forced to compete in VHSL Group AAA activities. This was not solely an issue of wanting Warren County to do well: nearby James Wood High School had been forced into Group AAA during the 1980s and was forced to travel two or more hours simply to play required district matches. This was in addition to the concern over students "being lost" in a school that was too big.
Eventually, the pressure of numbers, especially in the lower grades, became a detriment to/violation of educational specifications. A realignment saw the Luray Avenue building with freshmen in the Fall of 1988, the first time since the 1968-69 school year. This arrangement continued for several years. An additional elementary school was built for the eastern part of the county in the mid-1990s, and an adjacent facility for grades 8 and 9 was built a few years later, allowing the high school once again to be just for grades 10-12.
A new school
A revival of the football program also occurred starting in 2003, with new coach Heath Gilbert leading the Wildcats to three straight 6-4 seasons with the single wing offense, and running back H.B. Banjoman breaking the VHSL's 10-game rushing record in 2005. Gilbert has been selected to be the first-ever head coach at Skyline High School.
By 2004, the writing was on the wall. Warren County was one of the largest schools in Group AA (with over 1,650 students) and the facility simply could not handle the additional numbers that were coming in due to Warren County becoming an outer suburb of Washington, DC. The Warren County School Board approved an ambitious capital improvement plan that would see Warren County's high school population split.
The newer 8-9 facility off Westminster Drive in the eastern part of the county was expanded into a full-featured high school (and assumed the Warren County High School name, colors, mascot, and records) and a completely new high school facility was built for the western part of the County on Rt. 340 South (and by community suggestion was named Skyline High School, with green/blue/gold colors and a hawk mascot). Each school serves grades 8-12, contains a full complement of athletic fields and opened in the Fall of 2007.
(An alternate plan would have named the schools "East Warren County High School" and "West Warren County High School.")
Warren County High School is one of the smallest high schools in Group AA. Enrollment at Warren is lower than at Skyline. Since Warren serves the eastern end of the county that is closer to Washington, DC, it was hoped that population and enrollment would increase faster at Warren than at Skyline to make up the difference. The 2008-09 economic recession slowed such predicted growth.
Students at WCHS (and Skyline) also are eligible to apply to Mountain Vista Governor's School to take advanced math, science, humanities, and research courses.
On November 19, 2011, the WCHS theater troupe (Maroon Masque), competed in the VHSL Region II Theater Festival at Tuscarora High School and placed first with the play ‘The Greek Mythology Olympiaganza! (Iliad! Iliad! Iliad!)’ By Don Zolidis.
The Luray Avenue building (now Warren County Middle School) re-opened in the Fall of 2010 after an extensive, three-year, remodeling and now accommodates all of the County's sixth and seventh graders (approx 825 in the 2011-12 school year). Significant tax credits made feasible the restoration of much of the 1940 portion of the facility to its original "grandeur".