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March 31, 1893|
Mackonys, near Vilnius, Russian Empire
|Died||June 12, 1937
|Allegiance|| Russian Empire (1915–1917)
Soviet Russia (1918–1922)
Soviet Union (1922–1937)
|Years of service||1915–1937|
|Battles/wars||World War I
Russian Civil War
|Awards||Order of the Red Banner (Three times)|
A World War I veteran of the Imperial Russian Army and Bolshevik since 1917, Putna was a komdiv during the Polish–Soviet War and commanded a variety of divisions. During the retreat following the Battle of Warsaw, he gathered around him ad-hoc corps out of defeated units and allowed the remnants of the Red Army to escape from a large cauldron near Białystok. In 1921 he took part in suppressing the Kronstadt Rebellion and Peasant uprisings on the Lower Volga. In 1923 he was sent as a military advisor to China and between 1927 and 1931 he was military attache to Japan, Finland and Germany. he was posted to the Far East Military district in 1931 and was made military attache to Great Britain in 1934.
He was promoted to komkor in 1935. Putna was tried for alleged espionage and anti-Soviet activities together with Mikhail Tukhachevsky in the so-called Case of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization, he was sentenced to death and executed during the Great Purge.
The Soviet government posthumously exonerated him after Joseph Stalin's death, when he was formally rehabilitated in 1957.
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