The Tung Sing originated from the Wong Lik (黃曆, the "Yellow Calendar"), which is rumoured to have been written by the Yellow Emperor. It has changed its form numerous times throughout the years during all the dynasties; the latest version was said to have been edited by the Qing dynasty and was called the Tung Shu (通書). Tung means "myriad" or "all", Shu means "book", so Tung Shu literally meant "All-knowing Book". However, in Cantonese and Mandarin, the pronunciation of the word for "book" is a homophone of a word for defeated, so Tung Shu sounded like "Defeated in All Things" (通輸). Therefore the name was changed to Tung Shing (通勝), which meaning "Victorious in All Things".
Most of the contents of the book deals with what is suitable to do on each day. Some Chinese families still follow these days for wedding ceremonies, funerals, etc.
Tung Shing is also used by many Feng Shui practitioners and Destiny Diviners to compliment other date selection methods for selecting dates and times for important events like marriages, official opening ceremonies, house moving-in and big contract signings, as well as smaller events like time to start renovations or travel.
The most common use of the Tung Shing is in choosing a wedding date. The Tung Shing contains information on the auspicious and inauspicious days for weddings and/or engagements. In addition, it provides the auspicous timing in which to carry out such activities.
The Tung Shing also provide a conversion of years and date between the lunar year and the common year. In more detailed versions, the calendar will list eclipses (both solar and lunar), the start of each season, and days when it will be cold or hot. It also teaches ethics and values through stories.
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- Martin Palmer : T’ung Shu : the Ancient Chinese Almanac. Shambhala, Boston, 1986.
- http://www.absolutelyfengshui.com/others/tong-sing-tung-shu.php list of chapters