Sweet bean paste
|Sweet bean paste|
|A pancake using dou sha ingredient|
|Hanyu Pinyin||dòu shā|
|Cantonese Jyutping||dau6 saa1|
|Literal meaning||bean sand|
The beans are usually boiled without sugar, mashed, and diluted into a slurry. The slurry is then strained through a sieve to remove the husks. The resulting stock is then filtered and squeezed dry using cheesecloth, and then finally sweetened. Oil in the form of either vegetable oil or lard is usually added to the relatively dry paste to improve its texture and mouthfeel.
The beans used are called "sweet beans" by many natives in Asia. As the beans are not actually sweet, but rather have been sweetened with sugar, they are more accurately "sweetened beans".
There are several types of sweet bean paste:
- Oil bean paste (油豆沙) - made from azuki beans; dark brown or black in colour from the addition of sugar and animal fat or vegetable oil, and further cooking; sometimes also includes Sweet Osmanthus flavor
- Mung bean paste (綠豆沙) - made from mung beans and dull reddish purple in colourphoto
- Red bean paste (紅豆沙) - made from azuki beans and dark red in colourphoto
- White bean paste (白豆沙) - made from navy beans and greyish off-white in colourphoto
- Black bean potato paste (黑豆沙) - made from black soybean powder (黑豆面) and potatoes; used in Beijing cuisine and other cuisines of northern Chinaphoto
There are a number of other pastes used in Chinese cuisine, primarily as fillings for dessert items. Although not made from beans, they share similar usage and are equally as popular. They are very similar in flavor and texture to sweet bean paste. These include: