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|— District —|
|• Total||3,669.58 km2 (1,416.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||540/km2 ( 1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|• Summer (DST)||BDST (UTC+7)|
Sunamganj is located in the Sylhet Division with the Sylhet District to its east, Habiganj District to its south and Netrokona District to its west. The Surma River and Kushiyara River run through the district. The River Dhawka also run through district sunamganj.
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People and population
Sunamganj has a total population of 1,968,669; males constitute 50.89% and females 49.11%.
There are also some 6,643 person with ethnic affiliations of Manipuri, Khasia, Garo and Hajong ethnic groups from neighbouring countries.
The district of Sunamganj has 3566 mosques, 740 temples and 61 churches.
The name Sunamganj is derived from its founder, Sipahi Sunamuddin, who established a bazaar on the bank of the river Surma. In the ancient period, Sunamganj was part of the Rarh Kingdom that included western part of Sylhet, Habiganj, Netrokona, Kishoreganj and the northern part of Mymensingh. After the conquest of Sylhet in 1303 by Muslims under the spiritual guidance of Hazrat Shah Jalal, Hazrat Shah Kamal Qahafan brought the entire Kingdom of Rarh under his control with aid of his twelve disciples and Shah Moazzamuddin, administered the entire district from Shaharpara. Between the latter part of 1300 CE and 1765 CE, the present-day Sunamganj district was a part of Iqlim-e-Moazzamabad, i.e. the state of Moazzamabad, which was independent state until 1612 and, thereafter, it was conquered by the mighty Mughal of Delhi.
In 1336, a devastating flood occurred as a result of a broken dam in Manipur. This flood is popularly known as the 'White Water Flood'. An earthquake on 12 June 1897 caused many deaths.
During the war of liberation there were many encounters between freedom fighters and the Pakistani Army. Sunamganj was liberated on 6 December 1971.
Source Of Sylhet Sand (FM 2.5 to 2.8) in place Sunamganj Sadargor and Thahirpur Upzala Fazilpur. Only one Reserv Howor in Bangladesh Natural Fish Birth at Thahipur Upzala is called Townger Howor. Many Howor /Bil as Matihein Howor, Shonir Howor, Khocher Howor, jhamkhola howor,Dhekhar howor,Nalwar howor,Fatar howor, grow Paddy and Natural Fish Birthplace in Sunamganj.
Rafinagor Union high school,Rafinagor,Derai,Sunamgonj== Education == The major schools of Sunamganj are:
- Sunamganj Deeni Senior Madrasah
- Al Hera Jamea Islamia Madrasha, Maizbari, Sunamganj
- Buraiya Kamil Madrasah, Chhatak, Sunamganj
- Aktapara Islamia Alim Madrasah, South Sunamganj
- Amriya Islamia Dakhil Madrasah, South Sunamganj
- Khairul Wara Tahfizul Quran Madrasah, Sichni, Pagla Bazar, South Sunamgonj
- Birgaon Islamia Dakhil Madrasah, South Sunamgonj
- Damodhar Topi Mahmudpur Dakhil Madrasah, South Sunamgonj
- Pagla High School, South Sunamgonj
- Purba Pagla High School, South Sunamgonj
- Ikorsoi Jamea Islamia Senior Madrasah, Jagannatpur
- Holiyarpara Jamea Qadriya Sunniya Senior Madrasah, Jagannatpur
- Rasulganj Jamea Qurania Senior Madrasah, Jagannatpur
- Habibpur Keshobpur Fazil Madrasa, Jagannatpur
- Jubilee High School, Sunamganj
- Abdul Haque Memorial College, Chhatak
- Chhatak Cement Factory High School
- Chhatak Bohumukhi High School
- Government Satish Chandra Girls High School
- HMP High School
- Bulchand High School
- Hazi Kamar Ali High School
- Pirpur High School, Chattak
- Moinpur High School, Chattak
- Moinpur Janata College, Chattak
- Sunamganj Government College, Sunamganj
- Sunamganj Government Girls College, Sunamganj
- Dargapasha Janata High School,South Sunamganj
- Badshagonj Public High School, Dharampasha
- Madhyanagar B.P. High School, Dharampasha
- Chamardani High School, Dharampassa
- Patli Union High School, Jagannathpur
- Abdus Subhan High School, Jagannathpur
- Shaharpara Shah Kamal High School, Jagannathpur
- Abdul Jabbar High School, Jagannathpur
- Raniganj High School, Jagannathpur
- Hatia High School, Derai
- GC girls high school, Shalla
- Shahid Ali high school, Shalla
- Sulla College, Shalla
- Balijuri Haji Elahi Baksh High School
- Thahirpur Govt. High School, Tahirpur
- Jagdish pur, Shafath Ullah High School, Jagannatpur
The leading financial institutions are:
- Prime Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Pubali Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Mercantile Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Dutch Bangla Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- National Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited, Sunamganj
- Sonali Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Rupali Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Agrani Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Janata Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Bangladesh Krishi Bank Limited, Sunamganj
- Karmasangstan Bank
Sunamganj District comprises 11 sub-districts or Upazilas:
Administrator of Zila Porishod: Enamul Kabir
Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Yamin Chowdhury
Media & culture
- Prothom Alo (National)
- The Daily Kaler kantho (National)
- The Daily Samakal (National)
- The Daily Janakhanta (National)
- The Daily Jugantar (National)
Sunamganj is renowned for bards and folk music; mystic poet Hason Raja (1854CE-1922CE), Saifa Banu (1860-1926), Diwan Moshin Raja, Syed Shahnoor, Radharaman Dutta, Radhamadhav Dutta, Doorbin Shah, Shah Abdul Karim, Muniruzzaman Munir, Nurul Ghani, Dilly Meah, Qari Amiruddin and many more have hailed from this area.
It must be underlined that Saifa Banu (1860-1926) is regarded as the first female poet of Bangladesh; she was a step-sister of the mystic poet Hasan Raja, and composed lyrics in Bengali, Urdu and Hindi. Local people called her ‘Haji Bibi’ as a mark of respect, following her pilgrimage to Mecca, and she was entrusted to resolve civil disputes as an arbitrator. She was married to ‘Abdul Wahid’, alias Hiran Miah, whose mental incapacity compelled Saifa to extend her responsibility beyond domestic chores, which rather challenging those days.
- Shaheed Taleb Uddin, freedom fighter of 1971 from Derai
- Syed Shahnoor, lyricist of Sufi traditional songs
- Dewan Hasan Raja, lyricist of mystic Sufi songs
- Durbin Shah, lyricist of Sufi traditional songs
- Abdus Samad Azad, politician
- Humayun Rashid Chaudhary, diplomat and politician
- Shah Abdul Karim, mystic poet
- Likhan Ghosh, philanthropist
- Shahed Ali, author and novelist
- Radharaman Dutta, lyricist of folk dhamal songs, a local dance tradition
- Dr. S. M. Ghulam Quadir, author, researcher of Sylhetinagri, which was a simplified version of Devanagari
- Khan Bahadur Ghulam Mustafa Choudhury, Zamindar of Bhatipara, ex-Legislator of the Assam Legislative Council and ex member of the Council of State (upper house of British Indian Central Parliament, Delhi)
- Guljar ahmed from Birgaon, philanthropist
- Niloy Dash, gold medal winner
- Dhrubho Eshe, artist
- Lt. Col. Dr. Mohammad Makabbir Ali, freedom fighter of 1971, author of Mukti Juddey Medical Network
- Motiur Rahman, freedom fighter, author
- Hasan Hamid, (1988) young poet and artist, cultural organiser at Dhaka University.
- Ali, Syed Murtaja, Hazrat Shah Jalal and Sylheter Itihas, 66: 1988
- "AL men appointed administrators". Thedailystar.net. 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
- "Cabinet Division - Bangladesh - List of the Deputy Commissioners". Cabinet.gov.bd. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
- Ali, S. M, Hazrat Shah Jalal and Sylheter Itihas,154: 1965
- Banglapedia article on Sunamganj District