The star-mesh transform (or star-polygon transform) is a mathematical technique to transform a resistive network into an equivalent network with one less node. The equivalence follows from the Schur complement identity applied to the Kirchhoff matrix of the network.
Given the impedances between the star node (to be eliminated) and N other nodes, the transform yields equivalent impedances between these other nodes:
The transform replaces N resistors with resistors. For , the result is an increase in the number of resistors, so the transform has no general inverse without additional constraints.
It is possible, though not necessarily efficient, to transform an arbitrarily complex two-terminal resistive network into a single equivalent resistor by repeatedly applying the star-mesh transform to eliminate each non-terminal node.
- N = 1: For a single dangling resistor, the transform eliminates the resistor.
- N = 2: For two resistors, the "star" is simply the two resistors in series, and the transform yields a single equivalent resistor.
- N = 3: The special case of three resistors is better known as the Y-Δ transform. Since the result also has three resistors, this transform has an inverse Δ-Y transform.
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