Socialist Party of Ukraine
|Socialist Party of Ukraine
Соціалістична партія України
The Socialist Party of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Соціалістична Партія України, Sotsialistychna Partiya Ukrainy, SPU) is a social democratic political party in Ukraine. It was part of the Verkhovna Rada from 1994 to 2007.
It is one of the oldest parties and was created by the former members of the Soviet-era Communist Party of Ukraine in late 1991 when the Communist Party was banned. In August 1991 Leonid Kravchuk as the chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine signed several important documents among which was the disbandment (August 26) and later the prohibition (August 30) of communist parties. The Socialist Party was registered on November 25, 1991 under registration number 157. The first leader of the Party became the former leader of the Communist majority in the Verkhovna Rada, known as the Group 239, Oleksander Moroz.
On June 19, 1993 a constituent congress of the recreated Communist Party of Ukraine took place in Donetsk that proclaimed itself a direct inheritor of the Communist Party of Ukraine. After the recreation of the Communists a substantial number of the former Communist Party of Ukraine members left the Socialist Party. The Communist Party, however, finally registered in October 1993. In December 1993 the Socialists proclaimed to be in the opposition to the government of Leonid Kuchma and the President Leonid Kravchuk. On the presidential elections of 1994 the Socialists leader Moroz was supported by both his party and the Communist Party. The Socialist party became known for its support in the central regions of Ukraine in the 1990s and 2000s.
Oleksander Moroz lead the party for 20 years, in July 2010 he was succeeded by Vasyl Tsushko. However, Moroz was again elected as party leader in August 2011. In April 2012 current leader Petro Ustenko was elected.
1994 parliamentary election
In the rounds of the 1994 parliamentary election the party won 14 seats. By mid-1994 the party controlled a parliamentary faction of 25 deputies. In June 1996 some members headed by Nataliya Vitrenko split to form the new Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine.
1998 parliamentary election
The party stood for election in 1998 in an electoral bloc with the Peasant Party of Ukraine. The block was named "Left Center" won 8,55% of the votes and 29 proportional seats and 5 individual seats out of 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada. The Peasant Party of Ukraine started its own parliamentary faction (containing 15 deputies) in the autumn of 1998 but in the spring of 2000 this factions was disbanded for lack of member. After the creation of the new parliamentary faction Solidarity in the spring of 2000 a lot of deputies of Peasant Party party moved to this new faction. In June 2002 the "Left Center" faction had 17 members.
2002 parliamentary election
Late 2002 Moroz, Viktor Yushchenko (Our Ukraine), Petro Symonenko (Communist Party of Ukraine) and Yulia Tymoshenko (Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc) issued a joint statement concerning "the beginning of a state revolution in Ukraine". The communist stept out of the alliance, Symonenko was against a single candidate from the alliance in the Ukrainian presidential election 2004, but the other three party's remained allies (until July 2006).
In 2005 the party was joined by the Ukrainian Party of Justice - Union of veterans, handicapped, Chornobyl liquidators, and Afghan warriors (former Ukrainian Party of Justice).
2006 parliamentary election
The Socialist Party received 5.67% of the national vote during the parliamentary elections held on 26 March 2006, securing 33 seats in Parliament.
The Socialist Party of Ukraine was expected to form a governing coalition with Yulia Tymoshenko and Our Ukraine. However after 3 months of negotiation agreement could not be finalized with Our Ukraine challenging Moroz's appointment as Chairman of Parliament.
The Socialist Party then agreed to the formation of an "Anti Crisis" coalition with Party of Regions and the Communist Party following the election of Oleksander Moroz as Chairman of parliament in July 2006. The newly formed governing coalition elected Viktor Yanukovych as Prime minister of Ukraine and was later renamed the Alliance of National Unity. President of Ukraine Yushchenko dissolved parliament on 2 April 2007 because he believed the government was acting illegally during the 2007 Ukrainian political crisis.
In a press conference in November 2009 Moroz stated he had no regrets about joining the "Anti Crisis coalition": "I'm not ashamed but proud of the fact that I managed to halt the crisis of power. The economy operated normal and, the parliament adopted 80% of the laws [it considered] by a constitutional majority of votes. We were close to the decentralization of power. That's why Tymoshenko and Yushchenko's supporters forced the president to dismiss the parliament and remove me and my political forces illegally".
2007 parliamentary election
At the 2007 parliamentary elections the party's vote share collapsed. The Socialist Party of Ukraine failed to secure parliamentary representation having received only 2.86% of the total national vote (0.14% short of the required minimum 3% representation threshold).
2012 parliamentary election
A March 2010 poll predicted that the party would get 0.2% of the vote at the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election. In the 2010 local elections the parties electoral misfortunes continued, winning few votes and securing little to no representatives in regional parliaments across Ukraine (winning representatives in 11 Ukrainian Oblasts parliaments in total), except in the Chernihiv Oblast and Poltava Oblast where they won 11% and 5,8% of the votes.
In December 2011, the Peasant Party of Ukraine and 4 other small parties merged with the party (Socialist Ukraine, Children of War, Children of War of the People's Party of Ukraine, Cossack Glory). Plans to merge 11 parties including the Socialist Party of Ukraine into United Left and Peasants where stopped by the parties council. On 28 January 2012 the merger with the Peasant Party of Ukraine was declared illegal by the Justice Ministry. In the election the party won 0.46% of the national votes and no constituencies and thus failed to win parliamentary representation.
Socialist Party in presidential elections
The party's candidate for the 1999 presidential elections, Oleksander Moroz, came third, with 11.3% of the vote in the first round. Oleksander Moroz also participated in the 2004 presidential election - first round ballot where he again came in third place, receiving 5.82% of the vote, and subsequently transferred his support to Viktor Yuschenko in the final run-off ballots.
Ukrainian presidential election, 2010
The Socialist Party of Ukraine has chosen Oleksandr Moroz as their presidential candidate for the next Presidential election, scheduled to be held on January 17, 2010. 268 out of 422 party congress delegates registered supported the Moroz's nomination.
Public Opinion Polls have not rated the Socialist Party of Ukraine or its leader Olexandr Moroz as they were undecided as to their participation in the Ukrainian Presidential election In 2005 Moroz received 5.8% of the national vote. An Opinion poll conducted by FOM-Ukraine in April 2009 shows Moroz with less than 1% support with most analysts considering Moroz not a serious contender as he would not win sufficient number of votes in the first-round presidential ballot, scheduled for January 17, 2010.
|Presidential since 1994
(year links to election page)
|Parliamentary since 1994
(year links to election page)
||as part "For truth, for people, for Ukraine!"|
See also↑Jump back a section
- Petro Ustenko heads Socialist Party of Ukraine, Kyiv Post (30 April 2012)
- European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity
- (Ukrainian) Соціалістична партія України, sd.net.ua (September 4, 2009)
- Economy minister appointed Socialist Party head, Kyiv Post (July 26, 2010)
- Oleksandr Moroz elected Chairman of Socialist Party of Ukraine, National Radio Company of Ukraine (August 15, 2011)
- Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century by Richard Crampton and Ben Crampton, 1997, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-16461-0, page 277
- Political parties of the world by Alan J. Day and Henry W. Degenhardt, 2002, John Harper Publishing, ISBN 978-0-9536278-7-5, Page 479
- Understanding Ukrainian Politics: Power, Politics, and Institutional Design by Paul D'Anieri, M.E. Sharpe, 2006, ISBN 978-0-7656-1811-5
- Ukraine and Russia: The Post-Soviet Transition by Roman Solchanyk, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001 ISBN: 0742510174
- Ukrainian Political Update by Taras Kuzio and Alex Frishberg, Frishberg & Partners, 21 February 2008 (page 22)
- Ukraine's election frontrunners, BBC News (28 March 2002)
- Understanding Ukrainian Politics: Power, Politics, and Institutional Design by Paul D'Anieri, M.E. Sharpe, 2006, ISBN 978-0-7656-1811-5, page 117
- Ukraine coalition born in chaos, BBC News (July 11, 2006)
- Q&A: Ukrainian parliamentary poll , BBC News (1 October 2007)
- Moroz says he was responsible for formation of anti-crisis coalition with Regions Party and Communist Party, Kyiv Post (November 30, 2009)
- Party Of Regions, Tymoshenko bloc, Strong Ukraine, Front for Change and Communist Party would get into parliament, Kyiv Post (April 12, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Results of the elections, preliminary data, on interactive maps by Ukrayinska Pravda (8 November 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Партію Мороза виключили з Соцінтерну, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 July 2011)
- (Ukrainian) Партія Мороза "проковтнула" п'ять партій, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 December 2011)
- (Ukrainian) Соцпартії не сподобалася назва "Об'єднані ліві і селяни", Gazeta.ua (16 December 2011)
- Ukraine Business Online
- (Ukrainian) Proportional votes & Constituency seats, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
- "Socialist Party nominates Moroz for president". 2009-10-25.
- (Ukrainian) Official website