Scouting in Arizona
Scouting in Arizona has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live.
The founding of the Boy Scouts in Arizona
Boy Scouting was founded by Robert Baden Powell in England and co-founded by the American Scout Major Frederick Russell Burnham. Boy Scouting was brought to the United States by William D. Boyce. He incorporated the Boy Scouts of America on February 8, 1910. The Boy Scouts of America was chartered by Congress on June 15, 1916, This is the same year as the first Boy Scout Council in Arizona was formed in Prescott. Burnham served as the Honorary President of the Arizona Boy Scouts throughout the 1940s until his death in 1947.
The first two Boy Scout troops in Arizona Territory were organized in Prescott, in September 1910 and in Tombstone at almost the same time. In Prescott, E.P. Cole of Whipple Barracks was the first scoutmaster. Arizona Territorial Historian Sharlot Hall was an honorary member of the Tombstone troop. Scouting came to Phoenix in the fall 1910 with Clarence R. Craig as the scoutmaster. Other scout troops were formed; in Bisbee in early 1911. and in St. Joseph and Snowflake about the same time.
On November 29, 1911 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) organized the MIA Scouts along the lines recommended by the Boy Scouts of America as part of their Mutual Improvement Association youth program. In March 1912, the LDS Church published their first lessons for the MIA Scouts in the Improvement Era. On May 21, 1913 the LDS Church was invited by the Boy Scout National Council to become the first Chartered Sponsored Organization in their movement. The Boy Scouts of America program was then adopted in all LDS Church congregations as part of their youth program. Each LDS Church congregation in Arizona organized a scout troop.
In April 1921 the eight LDS troops in the Maricopa (LDS) Stake and the Methodist troop met in at the Coffee Cup in Mesa to organize the Apache Council. This was the second council in Arizona. George A. Johnson was the first Council President. Edwin M. LeBaron was the first Field Commissioner. Their first summer camp was held on Sycamore Creek near Payson, Arizona.
On September 16, 1921 the board of the Apache Council met with scouters from Phoenix at the Tempe National Bank to reorganized into the Roosevelt Council, to be headquartered in Phoenix. Tim Murray from Galveston Texas, was the first professional Scout Executive. The 1922 summer camp was at Pineair  (now call Reavis Ranch located in the Superstition Wilderness Area about 45 miles (72 km) east of Mesa). The name, Camp Geronimo, is still used by the Grand Canyon Council camp although the location has changed several times. Throughout the 1940s, Frederick Russell Burnham served as the Honorary President of the Roosevelt Council Boy Scouts.
The Roosevelt Council changed its name to the Theodore Roosevelt Council. In 1993 the Theodore Roosevelt Council (located in Phoenix) and the Grand Canyon Council (located in Flagstaff) merged with the Phoenix council assuming the current name, the Grand Canyon Council.
Campaign to Save the Bighorn Sheep
In 1936, Boy Scouts in Arizona mounted a state-wide campaign to save the Bighorn Sheep. The Scouts first became interested in the sheep through the efforts of Major Frederick Russell Burnham. Burnham observed that fewer than 150 of these sheep still lived in the Arizona mountains. He called George F. Miller, then Scout Executive of the Phoenix Scout Council, with a plan to save the sheep. Burnham said,
I want you to save this majestic animal, not only because it is in danger of extinction, but of more importance, some day it might provide domestic sheep with a strain to save them from disaster at the hands of a yet unknown virus.
Several other prominent Arizonans join the movement and a save the bighorns poster contest was started in schools throughout the state. Burnham provided prizes and appeared in store windows across Arizona. The contest-winning bighorn emblem was made up into neckerchief slides for the 10,000 Boy Scouts, and talks and dramatizations were given at school assemblies and on radio. The National Wildlife Federation, the Izaak Walton League, and the Audubon Society also joined the effort.
These efforts led to the establishment on of two bighorn game ranges in Arizona: Kofa National Wildlife Refuge and Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge. On January 18, 1939, over 1,500,000 acres (6,100 km2) were set aside and a civilian conservation corp side camp was set up to develop high mountain waterholes for the sheep. The Desert Bighorn Sheep is now the official mascot for Arizona Boy Scouts[which?].
Scouting in Arizona today
There are two Boy Scouts of America local councils in Arizona, and other multi-state councils that serve portions of Arizona:
Las Vegas Area Council
Catalina Council serves the southeastern portion of Arizona, from Ajo, Arizona to the Mexican Border in the south, and all the way east to the New Mexico boarder. Catalina Council is headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, has four Districts, and two camps.
- Camp Lawton has been leased from the US forest service since 1921 and has been continuously operated by the Boy Scouts of America, Catalina Council. It is located in the Santa Catalina mountains outside of Tucson, Arizona.
- Double V Scout Ranch is located on South Kinney Road six miles (10 km) southwest of Tucson, near Tucson Mountain Park's Cat Mountain. The 360-acre (146 ha) ranch was acquired on a long-term lease from the Bureau of Land Management in 1969. It is used for both Cub Scout and Boy Scout camping and events. Improvements include a large stone ramada equipped with picnic tables, restrooms, and water misters for cooling. The ranch also has an Olympic-size swimming pool. A natural formation on the northwest side of adjacent Cat Mountain visible from the ranch is called the "Indian chief" because of its strong resemblance to an Indian's profile. Scenes from the 1970s television series Petrocelli were filmed at the ranch.
Grand Canyon Council
The Grand Canyon Council serves Scouts in Arizona and New Mexico, offering Cub Scouts and Boy Scouts to boys ages 7 through 18. Both girls and boys ages 14 through 21 can be involved with Venturing, a high adventure outdoor program or in Learning for Life, a career-based program. Districts are:
- Camp Raymond is located 30 miles (48 km) outside of Flagstaff, Arizona, between the Kaibab National Forest and the Coconino National Forest, along the rim of Sycamore Canyon. Camp Raymond has 15 campsites and offers a variety of program areas, including Boy Scout Resident Camp during the summer, with 9 program areas and 31 merit badges. For older Boy Scouts, Camp Raymond offers C.O.P.E, Climbing, and Mountain Biking. The camp is named after Dr. R.O. Raymond, one of the first doctors in Flagstaff, Arizona, and the founder of the Raymond Educational Foundation. Dr. Raymond, along with many other community leaders, had the idea to create a permanent summer camp in northern Arizona. The 160-acre (0.65 km2) site was purchased in April 1964 for $200 an acre. A Camp Development Committee was formed under the leadership of William Preston as soon as the purchase was finalized. They worked quickly to resolve water and sanitation concerns and opened the camp in the summer of 1964. The next big push for development at Camp Raymond was in the 1970s, when the Ranger house and Quartermaster-Trading Post building were constructed. The Handicraft shed and handicap shower facilities were added in 1988,the pool in 1990 and a lake in 2009. The Lake is led by a man named Arden Cobb who is known for his wit and androgenic hair. Today, Camp Raymond has 15 campsites, each with a wash stand, latrine, cooking area, picnic tables, and running water. Camp Raymond is available for Boy Scout Troops and Cub Scout Packs for Troop Camping, Family Camping and District Camporees. Camp Raymond has an Archery Range and National Rifle Association Shooting Range, including light rifle, and 2 shotgun skeet ranges.
- Camp Geronimo - Located between Payson, Arizona and Pine, Arizona, near the Mogollon Rim. Camp Geronimo recently celebrated its 50th year at the camp's current location at the confluence of East and West Webber Creeks. It incorporates the former Spade Ranch house along with extensive camping and recreational facilities. Camp Geronimo is owned and operated by the Grand Canyon Council.
Camp Geronimo sits on 200 acres (0.8 km²) of forest and meadows, and is surrounded by over 5,000 acres (20 km2) of ponderosa pine forest at the edge of the Colorado Plateau. It primarily serves as a one week summer camp for Boy Scouts, but also has limited accommodations for families to stay the summer in cabins.
The camp has 29 campsites, 3 chapels, a lake, craft lodge, obstacle course, swimming pool, climbing tower (Temporary), nature lodge, dining hall, rifle range, Low C.O.P.E. program, archery range, and a muzzleloading range. Every area has a department that teaches classes over the summer. Scouts enrolled in the summer program are able to take four classes at the camp, and can earn merit badges with their achievements.
The Spade Ranch house, located in Camp Geronimo, has been around for over 100 years. Every year during the boy scout summer camp, older scouts participate in high adventure activities. The Spade Ranch house was built by the Spade family on the basis of Webber Creek just beneath the Mogollon Rim. The Spade Ranch house is also the home to the Mogollon Monster story, which is a classic traditionally told for every group of campers that come through each week during the summer camp.
- R-C Scout Ranch is located a half-hour east of Payson. It is the location of Cub Scout Resident Camp and many training programs. R-C Scout Ranch is available to Boy Scout Troops and Cub Scout Packs for camping, and offers cabins for winter camping.
- The Heard Scout Pueblo is located near 20th Street and Baseline Road in Phoenix, Arizona.The Heard Scout Pueblo hosts the Grand Canyon Council Cub Scout Day Camp every summer, and offers camping opportunities for Cub Scout Packs and Boy Scout Troops.
- Lake Pleasant Camp is an aquatics and nature based camp located at the Desert Outdoor Center at Lake Pleasant 20 miles (32 km) north of central Phoenix in Peoria, Arizona. It is operated in cooperation with the Maricopa County Parks Department.
Great Southwest Council
The Great Southwest Council of the Boy Scouts of America is headquartered in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and provides Scouting to youth in northern New Mexico, northeast Arizona, Utah south of the Colorado River, and the Durango and Mesa Verde areas of Colorado.
San Diego-Imperial Council
The San Diego-Imperial Council is headquartered in San Diego, California, and serves youth members and volunteer leaders through Scout units in San Diego and Imperial counties of Southern California, as well as a portion of Arizona. Desert Pacific Council was renamed to San Diego-Imperial Council on January 3, 2005.
Other Scout associations in Arizona
- 1st Arizona Baden-Powell Scouts Rover Troop 30 has established an Adult Scouter Group, a Rover Crew. This is an adult fraternal Scouting organization whose motto is simply "Service". As an organization, they are dedicated to support community projects and Troop 30's programs and equipment. Yet as a fraternal group of Scouters, they enjoy the activity of the "Open Air" and the fun of camping. The Crew believes that they can model the Patrol Method and Leadership Skills they expect their Boy Scout Group and Senior Scout Group to learn.
Girl Scouting in Arizona
There are two Girl Scout councils in Arizona.
Girl Scouts–Arizona Cactus-Pine Council, Inc.
Girl Scouts-Arizona Cactus-Pine Council, Inc. serves over 23,000 girls in northern Arizona as well as in the Utah and New Mexico sections of the Navajo Nation and in a small part of California.
In Arizona, Girl Scouts was started in Prescott in 1916 by Maxine Dunning though her troop was not formally recognized until 1918.
Headquarters: Phoenix, Arizona
- Camp Maripai is 80 acres (320,000 m2) at 6,000 feet (1,800 m) near Prescott, Arizona. It was established in 1942.
- Camp Sombrero is 20 acres (81,000 m2) at the base of South Mountain near Phoenix, Arizona
- Camp Stephens is 5 acres (20,000 m2) at 6,100 feet (1,900 m) 10 miles (16 km) east of Kingman, Arizona
- Shadow Rim Ranch is 40 acres (160,000 m2) at 5,600 feet (1,700 m) in Tonto National Forest near Payson, Arizona
- Willow Springs Program Center is 190 acres (0.77 km2) at 6,000 feet (1,800 m) in Prescott National Forest
Sahuaro Girl Scout Council
Sahuaro Girl Scout Council serves more than 13,000 girls in southern Arizona in Pima, Cochise, Greenlee, Yuma, and Santa Cruz counties and southern parts of Graham, Maricopa, and Pinal counties .
Headquarters: Tucson, Arizona
Scouting museums in Arizona
- Roosevelt Council Resolution, November 19, 1947
- Bill Nelson in Camp Geronimo Leader Almanac
- Otis H. Childster Scout Museum Tucson Arizona
- Oral history of Rial M. Randall to Dilworth C. Brinton Jr.
- Scouting in the L.D.S. Church Scoutmasters Minute pub. YMMIA Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, 1934
- Article in the (LDS) Improvement Era June 1953
- Mesa Daily Tribune April 27, 1921 p. 1
- Mesa Daily Tribune May 10, 1921 p.1
- Mesa Daily Tribune Aug 2, 1921 p.1
- Arizona Republican Sep 18, 1921 p.7
- Mesa Daily Tribune June 16, 1922.p.1
- Arizona Place Names, Will C. Barnes, The University of Arizona Press, 1960 p. 192
- Edward H. Saxton (March 1978). "Saving the Desert Bighorns". Desert Magazine 41 (3). Retrieved 2008-04-27.
- Grand Canyon Council
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