Robert Daniel Johnston
|Robert Daniel Johnston|
March 19, 1837|
Lincoln County, North Carolina
|Died||February 1, 1919
White Post, Virginia
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861 – 1865|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Johnston was born in Mt. Welcome, Lincoln County, North Carolina, to Dr. William and Nancy Forney Johnston. He was first cousin to future Confederate generals William H. Forney and John Horace Forney. Before the war, Johnston practiced law.
Johnston joined the Confederate States Army where he was appointed captain and given command of Company K, 23rd North Carolina Infantry on July 15, 1861. On April 16, 1862, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the regiment and on May 5 saw his first action at the Battle of Williamsburg, on the Peninsula. He succeeded to the command of the regiment following the Battle of Seven Pines, where he had been wounded. He returned to duty in time to participate in the Maryland Campaign and fought at the Battle of South Mountain and the Battle of Antietam.
At Chancellorsville, Johnston was given command of the 12th North Carolina Infantry, after that unit had lost all of its field officers. He returned to the 23rd for the Gettysburg Campaign and was wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg. He was promoted to brigadier general on September 1, 1863, and was given command to the brigade that Brig. Gen. Alfred Iverson, Jr., had commanded at Gettysburg. He commanded the brigade through the Overland Campaign in the spring of 1864 until he suffered his third wound at Spotsylvania. He returned to the brigade in August during Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's Shenandoah Valley Campaign. In that campaign he saw action at the Third Battle of Winchester, the Battle of Fisher's Hill, and the Battle of Cedar Creek. Along with the rest of Early's army, he returned to the Petersburg trenches to rejoin Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. During his time at Petersburg, Johnston briefly commanded the division and served on detached duty attempting to catch deserters.
- Sifakis, Stewart (1988). Who Was Who in the Confederacy: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Biographical Reference to More Than 1,000 of the Principal Confederacy Participants in the Civil War. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2204-6. OCLC 19921710.
- "Col. Johnston Dies of Injury at Polo" (PDF, fee required). The New York Times (The New York Times Co.). March 9, 1934. p. 19. Retrieved 2008-04-04.