Portage Lake Lift Bridge
|Portage Lake Lift Bridge|
|Official name||Houghton–Hancock Bridge|
|Carries||US 41 / M-26|
|Crosses||Portage Waterway arm of Portage Lake|
|Locale||Hancock and Houghton, Michigan|
|Design||Vertical Lift Bridge|
|Total length||approx 500 feet (150 m)|
|Width||upper deck: 4 lanes with no shoulders
lower deck: 4 lanes with no shoulders, single track railroad (abandoned 1982)
|Height||180 ft (55 m)|
|Longest span||250 ft (76 m) clearance|
|Clearance below||4 ft (1.2 m) fully lowered
32–36 ft (9.8–11 m) raised to intermediate position
About 100 ft (30 m) fully raised)
The Portage Lake Lift Bridge (officially the Houghton–Hancock Bridge) connects the cities of Hancock and Houghton, in the US state of Michigan, across Portage Lake, a portion of the waterway which cuts across the Keweenaw Peninsula with a canal linking the final several miles to Lake Superior to the northwest. US Highway 41 (US 41) and M-26 are both routed across the bridge.
The original bridge on this site was a wooden swing-bridge built in 1875. This bridge was built by James P. Edward of Fox and Howard Inc. of Chicago. Three local men raised $47,000 in stocks for the toll bridge. Construction began in the spring of 1875 and was finished in the spring of 1876. This was replaced by a steel swing-bridge built by the King Bridge Company in 1901. This bridge was damaged when a ship collided with it in 1905. The center swinging section of the bridge was replaced and a similar incident almost occurred again in 1920, but the ship was able to stop by dropping its anchor, which snagged on the bottom of the lake. In 1959, this bridge was replaced, at a cost of about 11-13 million US dollars (sources vary), by the current bridge which was built by the American Bridge Company.
As its name states, the bridge is a lift bridge with the middle section capable of being lifted from its low point of four feet clearance over the water to a clearance of 100 feet (30 m) to allow boats to pass underneath. The Bridge is the world's heaviest and widest double-decked vertical lift bridge. More than 35,000 tons of concrete and 7,000 tons of steel went into the bridge, which replaced the narrow 54-year old swing bridge, declared a menace to navigation on the busy Keweenaw Waterway. Its center span "lifts" to provide 100 feet (30 m) of clearance for ships. The bridge is a crucial lifeline, since it is the only land based link between the north (so-called Copper Island) and south sections of the Keweenaw peninsula.
The lower deck of the bridge was originally open to rail traffic, but this level is now a road and it is raised up to road level in the summer for cars. This is done so that smaller boats may pass below without needing to disrupt car traffic. It is lowered in the winter, when ice prevents boats, so that snowmobile traffic can enter under the roadway.
Hancock and Houghton hold an annual celebration called Bridgefest to commemorate the opening of the bridge which united their two communities.
- Hyde, Charles K. (1993). Historic Highway Bridges of Michigan. Great Lakes Books. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 159. ISBN 0-8143-2448-7.
- "MDOT Unsure About Cause of Stuck Lift Bridge". The Daily Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). August 5, 2010. OCLC 9940134. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Staff (May 10, 2002). "US 41 – Portage Lake". Michigan's Historic Bridges. Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- Smith, D (1986). "Houghton–Hancock Crossing". Michigan Tech Archives & Copper Country Historical Collections. pp. 1–13.
- "Portage Lake Bridge History". City of Hancock. 2005. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- Staff. "Copper Country Trail: Portage Lake Lift Bridge, MI". America's Byways. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- Forgrave, Mike; Forgrave, Tricia. "Portage Lift Bridge". Keweenaw Free Guide. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- "Virtual Adventures". Keweenaw Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- "Welcome to Bridgefest!". Bridgefest. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Portage Lake Lift Bridge|
- Video about bridge by Michigan Dept. of Transportation
- Michigan Tech Bridge Cam
- Portage Lake BridgeCam
- Bridgefest Website
- Aerial photo of bridge from USGS via Microsoft Research Maps
- City of Hancock Bridge History Page
- King Bridge Company older bridge history page
- Byways.org Claims bridge is heaviest/widest double deck lift bridge in world.
- Michigan Department of Transportation page
- Copper Range historical society information