Osmoderma eremita, the hermit beetle or Russian leather beetle, is a species of European beetle in the family Scarabaeidae. The larvae develop in hollow trees. Oak is the most important tree species, but the larvae may develop in any tree species with suitable hollows. Due to habitat loss and fragmentation, the species has decreased all over its distribution range. For that reason the species is protected in most European countries, and has been given the highest priority according to the EU's Habitats Directive.O. eremita can be found everywhere in Europe, except for Iceland, Ireland, Malta, Portugal, and San Marino.
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- World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Osmoderma eremita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Hermit beetle (Osmoderma eremita)". ARKive. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Osmoderma eremita (Scopoli, 1763)". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved 276 June, 2012.
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