No. 627 Squadron RAF
|No. 627 Squadron RAF|
|Active||12 November 1943 – 1 October 1945|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Role||Pathfinder Bomber Squadron|
|Motto||At First Sight|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A hawk diving, holding in the beak a firebrand
The badge symbolises two of the unit's wartime functions - high-level bombing and target marking for the main heavy bomber force.
|Squadron Codes||AZ (November 1943 - October 1945)|
|Bomber||de Havilland Mosquito
Twin-engined light fighter-bomber
The squadron was formed on 12 November 1943 at RAF Oakington from part of 139 Squadron. It was equipped with the de Havilland Mosquito twin-engined fighter-bomber it flew operations as part of No. 8 Group's light bomber force. As well as normal bombing missions it also carried out Pathfinder duties and was involved in attacks on Berlin in early 1944. In April 1944 it was transferred to No. 5 Group as a specialised target marking squadron, although it also carried out amend reconnaissance and normal bombing duties. It was disbanded on 1 October 1945 at RAF Woodhall Spa when it was re-numbered 109 Squadron.
|November 1943||September 1945||De Havilland Mosquito||Mk.IV|
|July 1944||September 1945||De Havilland Mosquito||Mk.XX|
|October 1944||September 1945||De Havilland Mosquito||Mk.XXV|
|March 1945||September 1945||De Havilland Mosquito||Mk.XVI|
|November 1944||April 1944||RAF Oakington, Cambridgeshire|
|April 1944||September 1945||RAF Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire|
|13 November 1943||3 June 1944||W/Cdr. R.P. Elliott, DSO, DFC*|
|3 June 1944||22 January 1945||W/Cdr. G.W. Curry, DSO, DFC*|
|22 January 1945||17 March 1945||W/Cdr. B.R.W. Hallows, DFC|
|10 April 1945||1 June 1945||W/Cdr. R. Kingsford-Smith, DSO, DFC, RAAF|
|1 June 1945||30 September 1945||W/Cdr. C. W. Scott AFC, RNZAF|
- Bowyer, Chaz. Mosquito Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Shepperton, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Ltd., 1984. ISBN 0-7110-1425-6.
- Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons: A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of All RAF Squadrons and Their Antecedents Since 1912, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 18531005361. (2nd edition 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.)
- Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London, UK: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1964, 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01024-1.
- Ward, Cris. Royal Air Force Bomber Command Squadron Profiles, Number 123: 627 Squadron. "At First Sight". Berkshire, UK: Ward Publishing, 1998.
- Webb, Alan B. At First Sight: A Factual and Anecdotal Account of No.627 Squadron Royal Air Force 1943-1945. St.Albans, UK: The Mosquito Aircraft Museum, 1991. ISBN 0-9517534-0-1.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
- 627 Squadron in retirement
- 627 Squadron on RAF website (with text from Moyes 1976)
- Squadron history on RAFweb