Nils Uhlin Hansen
|Nils Uhlin Hansen|
6 May 1919|
|Died||11 January 1945
|Unit||Norwegian Independent Company 1 (Kompani Linge)|
|Awards|| Defence Medal 1940–1945
Norwegian War Medal with Star
Nils Uhlin Hansen (6 May 1919 – 11 January 1945) was a Norwegian long jumper and resistance member during World War II. He had a successful athletics career before the war; holding the Nordic record in the event. He was killed less than four months before the end of the war, as he was surprised by Wehrmacht forces following a sabotage mission.
He was born in Trondheim as the son of Haakon Hansen and Swedish citizen Agnes Collin. Representing the sports club SK Freidig, he had a successful career in the long jump; only nineteen years old he won the Norwegian championships. Jumping 7.39 metres, he was 25 centimetres ahead of runner-up Kaare Strøm. In 1939, Hansen won a silver medal behind Kaare Strøm. On 11 September 1939, Hansen established a new Norwegian record. Jumping 7.54 metres at Bislett stadion, he broke the two-year old record of Otto Berg with two centimetres. This was also a Nordic record.
His sporting career was cut short by World War II. As Norway was invaded by Germany in 1940, regular sports events and championships were discontinued. The 1940 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan were also cancelled.
Hansen joined the Norwegian resistance movement in 1940. He had to flee the country, arriving in Sweden on 8 November 1941. He then escaped to England in 1942, where he became enrolled in the Norwegian Independent Company 1 (Norwegian: Kompani Linge), a part of the British Special Operations Executive. He conducted several sabotage missions in Norway, including one against the rail road Røros Line in January 1945. Saboteurs were active in Central Norway in late 1944 and early 1945; with sabotages towards the Nordland Line, the Dovre Line and the Rauma Line in addition to the Røros Line. This was of high strategic importance, as German forces were retreating from Northern Norway, using the rail roads for troop transport. Although the war tide was going against Germany at the time, there were rumours that they would not leave Norway without an Allied invasion, thus, pockets of Norwegian forces were prepared for warfare.
On 10 January 1945, German forces reacted, and began searching for militants under the codename Aktion Hengst. They had only vague knowledge on the whereabouts of Norwegian militants, but on 11 January they found a lone skier in Singsås. They questioned him, and then released him, only to follow his tracks. The tracks led the German task force to a cabin at Forsetvollan in Budal. Nils Uhlin Hansen stayed in the cabin at the time, and when shooting ensued, Hansen was killed. Two days after his death Norwegian saboteurs carried out the drastic Jørstad River bridge sabotage.
Awards and legacy
- Ording, Arne; Gudrun Johnson Høibo; Johan Garder (1950). Våre falne 1939-1945 (in Norwegian) 2. Oslo: Grøndahl. p. 198.
- "Norwegian championships, men's long jump". Norwegian Athletics Association. Retrieved 10 February 2009.[dead link]
- "Norwegian record progression, men's technical events". Norwegian Athletics Association. Retrieved 10 February 2009.[dead link]
- Lyng, John (1979). Forræderiets epoke (in Norwegian) (2nd ed.). Oslo: Gyldendal. p. 120. ISBN 82-05-12011-0.
- Björkman, Leif (2006). Säkerhetstjänstens egen berättelse om spionjakten krigsåren 1939-1942: så gick det till när säkerhetstjänsten skapades (in Swedish). Stockholm: Hjalmarson & Högberg. ISBN 91-7224-000-8.
- "Hansen, Nils Uhlin". Special Forces Roll Of Honour. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
- Lyng, 1979: p. 117
- Lyng, 1979: p. 119
- Lyng, 1979: p. 116
- "Dagen i dag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 10 January 1991.