Narcisse Théophile Patouillard
He was born in Macornay, a town in the department of Jura. He studied in Besançon, and later at the École Supérieure de Pharmacie in Paris, where in 1884 he earned a diploma with a doctoral thesis on the structure and taxonomy of Hymenomycetes called Essai taxonomique sur les familles et les genres des Hyménomycètes. Patouillard was a practicing pharmacist for more than forty years, first in Poligny (1881–84), and later in Fontenay-sous-Bois (1884–85), Paris (1886–1898) and Neuilly-sur-Seine (beginning in 1898).
From 1893 to 1900 he was préparateur at the chair of Cryptogamie de l'école supérieure de pharmacie in Paris. In 1920 he became an honorary member of the British Mycological Society. He died in Paris, aged 71.
Patouillard is highly regarded for his taxonomical work in mycology, and during his career described numerous genera and species of fungi. The following are some of the genera that he is the binomial author of: Guepiniopsis, Hirsutella, Lacrymaria, Leucocoprinus, Melanoleuca and Spongipellis. A mycological species called Inocybe patouillardii (brick-red tear mushroom) is named after him.
He was the author of nearly 250 works, and was a leading authority on tropical mycology. Over 100 of his publications involved studies of mushrooms from diverse locales such as Brazil, Java, Guadeloupe, Mexico, New Caledonia, Tunisia, et al.
- Tabulae analyticae Fungorum (Analytic tables of fungi), 1883-1889
- Les Hyménomycètes d'Europe. Anatomie générale et classification des champignons supérieurs (The Hymenomycetes of Europe. General anatomy and classification of the higher fungi) 166 pp. 1887
- Fragments mycologiques: Notes sur quelques champignons de la Martinique (Notes on certain mushrooms of Martinique) in Journal of Botany 3 pp. 335 - 343, 1889
- Essai taxonomique sur les familles et les genres des Hyménomycètes (Taxonomic essay on the families and genera of Hymenomycetes), 1900.
- This article is based on a translation of an article from the French Wikipedia.
- Mushroom Journal (biographical data, list of publications & genera described.)