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1958 Moskvich 410N at Riga Motor Museum.
|Class||Small family car|
It was powered by a 35 hp (26 kW) engine, but in 1958 upgraded to the 410N (in Russian: 407Н), fitted with a more modern 45 hp (34 kW) unit, from Moskvitch 407. An estate called the 411 was also made from 1958. Three-door wagon 431 remained a prototype. The production ceased in 1961, in a favour of increasing Moskvitch 407 production for export. In total only 7580 of model 410 and 1515 of model 411 were made. Originally conceived as an economical and comfortable means of transport for agricultural machines' repairing teams, it was the oldest vehicle to conform to crossover SUV criteria, utilizing a unibody instead of a frame.
The ground clearance was 220 mm (8.7 in) under axles and 430 mm under a floor, it could cross water up to 0.3 metres (11.8 in) deep, and in first gear it could climb 33 degrees. The early version (1957-1959) had a 3-speed manual + 2-speed auxiliary gearbox which in 1960 was replaced by a 4-speed manual + 2 speed auxiliary gearbox. The top speed was 90 km/h (56 mph).
The earliest known SUV is the American Ford Marmon-Herrington. MH started converting Ford trucks and personal cars to 4x4 in 1936, thus making a theoretical possibility of the existence of Ford SUV's from that year. The oldest known to exist is a 1938 model.
- Moskvitch 410 - Original series with flathead engine, produced 1957 to 1958.
- Moskvitch 410N - Upgraded version of 410 with OHV engine, produced 1958 to 1961.
- Moskvitch 411 - Station wagon (estate) version of 410, produced 1958 to 1961.
- Moskvitch 431 - Three-door station wagon prototype.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Moskvich 410|
- Moskvitch-410, Avtolegendy SSSR Nr.42, DeAgostini 2010, ISSN 2071-095X, (Russian)
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