During the reign of Ŭijong (1146-1170), the government relaxed the restrictions toward slaves and eunuchs by allowing them to take low offices, which caused some governmental irregularities. In the reign of Myŏngjong (1170-1197) also saw the rise of the status of slaves. In 1197, Choe Chung-heon forced Myŏngjong to abdicate, put Sinjong on the throne, and became the actual military ruler who had the real power. During his government, Choe Chung-heon was less tolerant toward the slaves, and several disturbances with involvement of slaves occurred in different places in Goryeo.
Manjǒk and some other slaves plotted a rebellion in 1198 against their masters in Kaesong, the capital of Goryeo. His speech questioning the inequality was recorded in the history book Goryeosa (고려사; 高麗史). Another slave revealed the plot to his own master, and the plot failed. Manjǒk and many other slaves were executed.
- Edward J Shultz. Generals and Scholars: Military Rule in Medieval Korea. University of Hawaii Press, 2000. pp. 121-123.
- Michael J. Seth. A concise history of Korea: from the neolithic period through the nineteenth century. Rowman & Littlefield, 2006. pp. 118-119.
- http://www.nykoredu.org/upload/files/Topics%20of%20Korean%20History-English-2.pdf p. 6.
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